Freedom of Movement of Required Labour Act (Passed March 2014)
PROVISIONS: Creates Labour Exchange, under Internal Affairs Commissioner, for member states to register labour shortages – this allows employers in that country to register to find foreign labour in said shortage-stricken industry. Employer must be further means-tested to demonstrate they could not fill vacancy with domestic labour. Those hired through Labour Exchange may migrate, reside, and work in host country visa-free (but most provide proof of employment), and are entitled equal entitlement to benefits. Countries may refuse criminals or national security threats.
BUREAUCRACIES: Labour Exchange. Part of Internal Affairs Office, but nonetheless moribund.
PROBLEMS: What happens if/when they lose their job?
EVALUATION: Amendment to clarify status of those who migrate under Labour Exchange after end of employment is recommended, as a low priority.
Health Accreditation Act (Passed June 2014; Amended July 2014)
PROVISIONS: Creates European Healthcare Accreditation Committee, under a ‘learned professional’ President, and a Board of Directors comprising healthcare sector professionals from across the EU. The EHAC’s members are immune from the Council except for impeachment by a 2/3 majority. Sets standards for healthcare accreditation in the EU; can give and revoke accreditation for medical schools. Responsible for accrediting healthcare professionals from outside the EU.
BUREAUCRACIES: The EHAC.
PROBLEMS: Highly irregular organisation – who appoints these directors? Institution is moribund. Curiously at pains to stress EHAC’s independence from the Council, which is by definition non-existent. Could be considered over-centralising, but scope still remains to eliminate barriers to accreditation for EU professionals in other member states.
EVALUATION: Amendment recommended as a low priority to shift towards a mutual recognition arrangement.
Neonicotinoid Restriction Act (Passed July 2014)
PROVISIONS: Bans use of neonicotinoids as agricultural pesticides, with exceptions.
PROBLEMS: Superfluous reference to ECoJ.
EVALUATION: No action needed.
European Seed Trust Act (Passed September 2014)
PROVISIONS: Creates European Seed Trust, which will preside over three seed banks (in countries that apply to have them). EST will work in conjunction with national seed trusts and the Commission. EST will provide six-monthly reports to Internal Commissioner and be funded to the tune of €100m in its first year, and will ask for private and national donations if it goes over its budget. Seed banks ‘are still subject to the national jurisdictions as that of Embassies of a nation.’ Seed banks will by Sept 2014 have half the known plant species in the region.
BUREAUCRACIES: European Seed Trust, headed by a Director appointed by the Internal Affairs Commissioner for two years. Director ‘shall be an established scientist in the field of biology, ecology, or botany; who shall put aside corporate, national, and political affiliations in pursuit of this act.’
PROBLEMS: EST is moribund. Six-monthly reports totally unnecessary.
EVALUATION: Amendment – as a low priority – suggested to bring EST into single committee system.
European Finance Agency Act (Passed November 2014)
PROVISIONS: Creates European Finance Agency, which calculates what each member state owes for the EU budget and then ensures they pay it, has the authority to take non-compliers to the ECoJ, oversees return of surplusses, ‘monitors the health’ of the region, gives credit ratings, and gives economic advice to member states when asked.
BUREAUCRACIES: EFA. Led by Economics Premier Commissioner, assisted by two Finance Officers elected for renewable one-year terms by the Council.
PROBLEMS: Repeal was proposed in 2015 but fizzled out, on the grounds that the EFA does nothing that the Commissioner themselves shouldn’t be doing. Otherwise, Finance Officer positions are dormant; and ECoJ reference is superfluous.
EVALUATION: Repeal is recommended and powers returned directly to the relevant Commissioner. This legislation essentially hamstrung the Economics Commissioner by
European Central Bank Act (Passed June 2015)
PROVISIONS: Establishes the ECB, located in the ‘Duchy’ of Europolis. Under the Economics Premier Commissioner. Capitalised by 0.001% of GDP from each member state at time of passage (investment returned at 2% rate each year).
BUREAUCRACIES: The ECB. President elected by its shareholders.
PROBLEMS: Refers to pre-Commission reform Constitution. Do we know who the shareholders even are any more?
EVALUATION: Amendment to update language and resolve shareholder issue recommended as a low priority.
Marriage Recognition Act (Passed June 2015)
PROVISIONS: Requires member states to recognise marriages or civil unions formed in other member states, and to afford them the same rights afforded to people who have entered into a marriage or civil union (respectively) within the member state. Nations have 12 months to comply.
PROBLEMS: Wording is difficult to understand. Does not ensure that spouses or civil partners retain the civil rights afforded to them back home. Unclear whether this applies to foreign nationals only or to all marriages/civil unions formed in other EU member states.
EVALUATION: Comprehensive amendment, or repeal and replace, strongly recommended. This legislation seems confused as to what outcome it wants to bring about.
Political Groups Act (Passed January 2016)
PROVISIONS: Creates and organises European Council political groups, who are regulated by the Speaker of the European Council. Far, far too many regulations detailed to go into here.
EVALUATION: No action needed.
Declaration on the Neutrality of Australia (Passed June 2016)
PROVISIONS: Requires that Australia’s neutrality be respected.
EVALUATION: No action needed.
APPENDIX – LIST OF BUREAUCRACIES
European Biological and Chemical Weapons Authority
European Nuclear Applications Authority
European Patent Office
European Highway Council
European Arts Collaboration Board
European Relief Force
The Labour Exchange
European Healthcare Accreditation Committee
European Seed Trust
European Finance Agency
European Central Bank