Gallorum, The Kingdom of


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    National flag of the Kingdom of Gallorum

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    Naval ensign of the Kingdom of Gallorum

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    Royal Standard of the Kingdom of Gallorum

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    Royal Coat of Arms the Royal Family of the Kingdom of Gallorum and the Government of Gallorum


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    Factbook

    • Full Name: The Kingdom of Gallorum (Regnum Gallorum, le Royaume de Gallorum; Gallisreich, Regno di Gallorum)
    • Conventional Name: Gallorum, Gallia, Gaul
    • Motto: La force réside dans l'unité (Strength lies in unity)
    • National Anthem: Marche de Les Rouges
    • Capital and largest city: Aurelis
    • Official Languages: French
    • Administrative Languags: Latin (government)
    • Regional Languages: German, Piedmontese

    Nationality

    • Gaulois-born citizens: 89.9%
    • Gaulois-overseas citizens: 4%
    • Foreign nationals: 6.1%

    Religion:

    • 76% Christianity (71% Gallic Orthodox, 5% Catholic, 3% Protestant)
    • 14% Non-religious
    • 8% Judaism
    • 1% Islam
    • 1% Other

    Demonym: Gaulois or Gallic

    Government

    • Form: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
    • Monarch: Queen Margrethe I
    • Premier: Jean-Marc Ayrault (PSDT)
    • President of the Chamber of Deputies: Edouard Brands
    • President of the Senate: Jean-Pierre Bel
    • Legislature: Parlement du Gallorum
    • Lower House: National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)
    • Upper House: Senate (Sénat)

    Judiciary:

    • Cour Royale
    • Cour de Justice
    • Cour d’Appel
    • Cour d’Etat

    Established:

    • 840 AD: West Gallia founded
    • 987 AD: Kingdom of Gallorum founded
    • 1340-1400 AD: Nicolezian Wars
    • 1520-1564 AD: Wars of Orthodoxy
    • 1614 AD: Centralization of the state
    • 1795 AD: Constitutional monarchy founded

    Area:

    • Total: 640,679 km2 (247,368 sq mi)

    Population:

    • 2019 estimate: 65.3 million

    GDP:

    Currency:

    • Official currency: livre (£)
    • Government uses euro to pay European Union

    Time Zone:

    • Standard: UTC +1 (Central European standard time)
    • Summer: UTC +2

    Human Development Index: (inequality adjusted):

    • 2019: 0.839

    Cultural:

    • Date format: dd/mm/yyyy
    • Driving side: right
    • Calling code: +1
    • ISO 3166 code: GA
    • Internet TLD: .ga, .com.ga, .org.ga, etc.

    Holidays:
    Italics denote banking holidays in which there is no work or school.

    • 1 January – New Year’s Day
    • 6 January – Epiphany
    • 2 February – Presentation of Christ in the Temple
    • Moveable – Mardi Gras
    • Moveable – Lent
    • 25 March – Annunciation
    • Moveable – Palm Sunday
    • Moveable – Good Friday
    • Moveable – Pascha/Easter
    • Moveable – Pentecost
    • 1 May – May Day/Labour Day
    • 14 July – Nation’s Day
    • 6 August – Transfiguration of Our Lord
    • 15 August - Repose
    • First Wednesday of September - Sovereign's Day
    • 8 September – Nativity of the Blessed Virgin
    • 14 September – Exaltation of the Cross
    • 1 November – Festival of the Saints of Gallorum
    • 21 November – Presentation of the Virgin to the Temple
    • 24 December – Christmas Eve
    • 25 December – Christmas Day
    • 31 December – New Year’s Eve

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    Dieu Sauve la Reine! Vive Margrethe la Première, La Sage et Vrai!

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    By the Grace of God, Her Royal Highness Margrethe, Queen of Gallorum and Empress of all Roman Peoples


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    Values of the Gaulois People

    The society of Gallorum is one of some contradiction. It's very easy to find people who will lend a helping hand and there is a national pursuit of equality of opportunity. The Gaulois believe that everyone should be able to have a fair shot of rising to their potential given the playing field is made equal. However, roles play a huge part in life here. A viscount from the south is expected to do his part in the cohesion of the community as both a visible noble and (most likely) a former high ranking officer in the armed forces. The urban schoolchild is expected to go to school and learn how to be a contributing and cohesive member of society that feels emotionally, spiritually, economically and personally fulfilled. Women enjoy great numbers of freedoms in this traditionally Christian nation yet a woman's most powerful role is that of wife and mother, equal to their husband, as head of house.

    Here is a guide to the five most obvious values of the Gallic nation.

    • Equality: In the eyes of our Lord, the richest man and the poorest man can enter the Kingdom of Heaven. That means our citizens must have every chance to reach their potential on Earth and do good so that they may receive the blessings of the everlasting Kingdom

    • Excellence: Every person can and should strive to be the best that they can be; whether it is in our Gallic Armed Forces or in the classroom, full effort and reaching maximum potential is encouraged strongly by society as a way to fulfill the plan that God has for each and every person.

    • Family: The heart of every citizen begins with the family. Society backs the traditional family but gives more parity between husbands and wives. As it extends further, the nation views itself as a family and that they must stick together or fall.

    • Respect: The Kingdom must be open to all peoples. Our Lord created all people in his image, and as such they deserve tolerance and respect. Disagreement may happen, but above all respect for the other is tantamount. The nation as a whole looks down on those who discriminate or disrespect their fellow man based on gender, sexual orientation, race, religion, and other factors.

    • Discipline: In addition to striving to be the best, each citizen must do their part properly, orderly and without being asked. Discipline allows each citizen to be able to rely on the other without fear of being let down. Self-discipline is the best form of discipline.


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    History

    In 600 BC, Ionian Greeks, originating from Phocaea, founded the colony of Senones on the shores of the Mauvin River. This makes it Gallorum’s oldest city. At the same time, some Gallic Celtic tribes penetrated parts of the current territory of Gallorum, and this occupation spread to the rest of the area between the 5th and 3rd century BC. The concept of Gaul emerged at that time. The borders of modern Gallorum are roughly the same as those of ancient Gaul, which was inhabited by Celtic Gauls. Gaul was then a prosperous country, of which the southernmost part was heavily subject to Greek and Roman cultural and economic influences.

    Around 390 BC the Gallic chieftain Brennus and his troops made their way through Europe, defeated the Romans in the Battle of the Allia, and besieged and ransomed Rome. The Gallic invasion left Rome weakened, and the Gauls continued to harass the region until 345 BC when they entered into a formal peace treaty with Rome. But the Romans and the Gauls would remain adversaries for the next centuries, and the Gauls would continue to be a threat.
    Around 125 BC, the south of Gaul was conquered by the Romans, who called this region Provincia Nostra ("Our Province"), which over time evolved into the name Provence. Julius Caesar conquered the remainder of Gaul and overcame a revolt carried out by the Gallic chieftain Vercingetorix in 52 BC. According to Plutarch and the writings of scholar Brendan Woods, the Gallic Wars resulted in 800 conquered cities, 300 subdued tribes, one million men sold into slavery, and another three million dead in battle.

    Gaul was divided by Augustus into Roman provinces. Many cities were founded during the Gallo-Roman period, including Anginnum (modern-day Anginnes). These cities were built in traditional Roman style, with a forum, a theatre, a circus, an amphitheatre and thermal baths. The Gauls mixed with Roman settlers and eventually adopted Roman culture and Roman speech (Latin, from which the modern language evolved). The Roman polytheism merged with the Gallic paganism into the same syncretism.

    From the 250s to the 280s AD, Roman Gaul suffered a crisis with its fortified borders being attacked on several occasions by barbarians. Nevertheless, the situation improved in the first half of the 4th century, which was a period of revival and prosperity for Roman Gaul. In 312, Emperor Constantin I converted to Christianity. Subsequently, Christians, who had been persecuted until then, increased rapidly across the entire Roman Empire. But, from the beginning of the 5th century, the Barbarian Invasions resumed. Teutonic tribes invaded the region, the Visigoths settling in the southwest, the Burgundians along centre, and the Franks everywhere else.
    At the end of Antiquity, Gaul was divided into several kingdoms and one Roman-aligned kingdom claiming the name Gallia. Celts from Icholasen settled along the coast in what is now known as Nittany (named after the Nicolezian island from whence they came). The Franks became the dominant grouping in the region, and the first of those Frankish kings was Clovis I in 481 AD, who converted to Catholic Christianity, lending the title “The Eldest Daughter of Christianity” to Gallorum. This also allowed for the title of King of the Franks of Gallia to be a hereditary and divine-right title. The Franks adapted to the Gallo-Roman culture, applying the Roman name of Gallia to the entire region rather than just the remnant kingdom. The Franks even began to see themselves as successors to the Roman Empire, converting the name of the whole realm to Gallorum.

    After Clovis, Pepin the Short and Charlemagne would become the great unifying kings, extending the realm known as Gallorum a reach from the present day Gallorum and Miraco all the way into portions of Romain, Icholasen and further east into Europe. The realm governed itself in the ways of the Romans, and that tradition would continue into present day Gallorum. Upon the death of Charlemagne, the Gallic empire would be split up, with modern Gallorum called West Gallia. Over time, West Gallia simply was changed into Gallia. The King of Gallia would morph from a role with large secular power to one with religious power and little secular power, as many landed nobility consolidated power as the land was raided by many Viking tribes. It was only that as Hugh Capet, Duke of Gallia and Count of Aurelis, consolidated power by winning several wars over his fellow nobles, that the Kingdom of Gallorum could be officially established.

    The Capetian dynasty which continues to this day with the House of Valois-Chailly, one of the oldest continuous houses in Europe. The Capetian dynasty saw the drastic unification of the country and the adoption of Gallic Orthodoxy in 1065 during the Great Schism. It became increasingly problematic that the Kingdom of Portland would have claims to some territories in Gallorum. The Kings of Gallorum would fight to reclaim authority over these territories, which would culminate in the Nicolezian Wars, which would give the House of Valois its victory. Separation between the English speaking crowns of the island of Icholasen and Gallorum and the supremacy of the King of Gallorum in his realm were the results.

    The next major piece of conflict would be between Gallorum and Miraco, and it would be a decisive war in favour of Gallorum, establishing itself as the prominent military in the north for several decades, finding itself in a constant battle with Icholasen over that claim. Following that, a period of internal growth and a great harkening back to the ideals of the Romans led Gallorum to its internal Renaissance, which not only allowed for the arts and humanities to flourish in Gallorum, but also rekindled its commitment to integrating military order and strength into society. Fundamentally, this was when the Gallic Orthodox Church began to tighten its grip. Despite the opulence and decadence of the Renaissance, Baroque and Rococo eras, the Wars of Orthodoxy marked a 44 year series of conflicts marked by religious violence as a backlash against the secularism and religious diversification of society. In the end, the Church would call for an end to violence and liberalise itself more to develop tolerance for the other branches of Christianity, as well as Judaism. As went the Church, so did the Kingdom.

    The centralisation and modernisation of the state began after these conflicts, in the early 1600’s several kings decided it was high time for that Romanesque adherence to societal roles to really be transferred into governance. As such, the system of societal, political and economic organisation of this time was known as the regime Romain. This Roman emphasis on family, discipline, and excellence would become core tenets of the Gallic society. The nobility and gentry, the clergy of the Orthodox Church, the merchant classes, and the peasantry all lived in rigid roles.

    By the 1700’s, as ideas of liberalism and democracy spread across Europe, the merchant and peasant classes began to increasingly ask for a parliament. It began to come to a head in the period from 1774-1792 called the Peaceful Revolution. While not an outright civil war, Gallorum was split between royalists and republicans who wanted the end of the monarchy. Despite a series of battles that largely ended in stalemates, the King agreed to the calling of a parliament, the First Gallic Parliament, who proposed a constitution which would limit the power of the King in a Westminster-style system of government and legislature. The King agreed as long as he could show more authority in matters regarding foreign affairs. The parliament agreed, and the first elections were held for the Chamber of Deputies in November of 1792.

    Economic liberalisation, industrialisation and increased globalisation from this point in Gallic history to now have contributed to how government and society function. As a member of the global community, Gallorum has adapted its society to include more equality of opportunity, viewing it first through the Church and then through the eyes of the government that the Lord would want all his flock to enjoy the ability to reach their full potential no matter their status in life, race, religious background, or sex. Gallorum has developed into a highly diversified economy and consistently puts up one of the most advanced militaries in Europe. Aurelis, its capital city, is a large tourist destination with many landmarks from the period of modern Gallorum that flowed from 1792 through 2019. The country’s love of the arts and appreciation of the highest quality and achievement in the visual and performing arts has given it a reputation as one of the most culturally relevant and stimulating places in Europe.


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    The Royal Gaulois Armed Forces

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    La Garde Royale

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    Royal Gaulois Army

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    The Royal Gaulois Navy

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    The Royal Gaulois Air Force - Les rouges dans le ciel


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    The Political System

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    Parlement Gaulois or the Gallic Parliament

    The Queen (or King, though Sovereign is being accepted as a more appropriate gender-neutral term) is largely a ceremonial position in Gallorum. The power of the government and its institutions comes from the Crown (a legal sort of corporation/entity that all power flows through, represented by the Sovereign), but rarely does she exercise authority to use it singularly. The Sovereign does work with the government to create foreign policy, as the constitution states that the Sovereign does maintain the right to have an active role in representing the nation abroad and remaining a unifying figure at home. The Sovereign is the commander-in-chief of the Royal Gaulois Armed Forces, harkening back to the consuls of the Roman Empire. Royal prerogative does remain for the Sovereign, though rarely uses it without the advice of the government. The Sovereign also cannot be charged with a crime or taxed as a regular citizen. Instead, a donation to the government is made at Christmas for £10.5 million from the Crown Estate every year. The current Sovereign is Margrethe.

    The Gaulois Parliament is often referred to as the Gallic sister to the Angleteric-Westminster system. Parliament consists of the National Assembly, the Senate, and the Sovereign. The National Assembly is composed of 630 deputies (elected in mixed-member proportional). The leader of a Party that wins more than half the seats, or less than half but is able to gain the support of smaller parties to achieve a majority in the house is invited by the Sovereign to form a government. The Senate is a body of long-serving, proportionally elected upper house. There are currently 306 senators.

    Legislation can originate from either the Assembly or the Senate. It is convention, however, that the Government (as it commands a majority of the National Assembly) runs the timetables for debate and decides which bills get onto the floor, so it is overwhelmingly the National Assembly that proposes legislation. It is voted on in several distinct stages, called readings, in each house. First reading is merely a formality. Second reading is where the bill as a whole is considered. Third reading is detailed consideration of clauses of the bill.

    In addition to the three readings a bill also goes through a committee stage where it is considered in great detail. Once the bill has been passed by one house it goes to the other and essentially repeats the process. If after the two sets of readings there are disagreements between the versions that the two houses passed it is returned to the first house for consideration of the amendments made by the second. If it passes through the amendment stage Royal Assent is granted and the bill becomes law as an Act of Parliament.

    The Government is made up of the Cabinet, the Civil Service and the Crown. Though in the pre-constitutional days, the Sovereign could act with royal prerogative, it is now the Cabinet and permanent secretaries in the Civil Service that use these powers on a daily basis. The Crown does, however, maintain the authority to dismiss and appoint Prime Ministers without being consulted by Parliament. The Cabinet helps advise the Sovereign and issue executive instruments called Orders of the Crown. They also advise on Royal Charters, but other than that Cabinet does most of the work of managing statutory instruments


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    Aurelis, Capitol of Gallorum

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    Founded in the 3rd century BC by the local Celtic Gaul tribes, Aurelis was named Lutetia Aureliopolis after the conquests of Marcus Aurelius Gallus conquered the whole of Roman Gaul by the late 1st century BC. As the Roman presence faded away, the Frankish Gauls shortened the name to Aurelios until finally by the end of Charlemagne's reign, it became known as Aurelis.

    The cultural centre of the country, Aurelis is the seat of government, the seat of the royal family, the largest city, and contributes 1/6th of the GDP of the nation by itself and its metro area. Aurelis has around 10 million in the metropolitan area along the Mauvin River and makes up the province Capital-Ille de Mauvin. It has seen several treaties signed, a peaceful revolution take place, and still maintains itself as the Light of the Roman Spirit (Lumière de l'esprit romain).

    The royal presence in the city is massive, as several residences in and around the city including the Palais Royale de Vaillant, the largest palace in the region (and the summer residence of the Sovereign), Palais de la Cite, Palais du Coiserette and the Elysee Palace. The Prime Minsiter's official residence is Hotel de Matignon, currently home to Elisabeth Baschet.

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    Elysee Palace - Seat of the Crown in Aurelis

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    Palais du Coiserette - The official residence of Queen Margrethe I

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    Palais Royale du Vaillant - Summer residence of Queen Margrethe I

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    Palais de la Cite - Royal palace and home to the Crown Prince and Princess

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    Hotel de Matignon - Official Residence of the Prime Minister, Elisabeth Baschet

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    Le Parlement Gaulois - The Gallic Parliament


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    Maps of Gallorum

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    Regional Map

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    City Map

    Maps courtesy of Vayinaod


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    Tigeaux, the Mountainous City of the South

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    Tigeaux is a city of 160,000. A hot vacation spot in all seasons due to its many adventure activities in the Pyrénées, Tigeaux is an example of the smaller scale cities and towns that dot Gallorum all over its 67 million person nation. Cozy with many nooks and corners, cafes and shops, Tigeaux is a must see for those who want a bit of athletics and adventure in their visit to Gallorum.

    Boureuilles, Le Vieux Port

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    Boureuilles, otherwise known around the country as The Old Port (for its prominence as the first Roman settlement in Gallia and it being the countries most important port), is the second largest city in Gallorum at 1.2 million people in its metro area. The people are diverse, pulling from across the Roman Empire at the time of its founding, and the structure of the city still wraps around the Roman built structures. History buffs and those who love the sea (well, the Sleeve as the natives call the Nicolezian Channel) will adore this bustling port city.


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    Entrages, the Fashion Capital

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    A short hour and a half trip via car or train from Aurelis, Entrages is perhaps the biggest fashion capital of the north of Europe. Despite Aurelis's glittering boutiques lining the Champs Elysees and the wide boulevards, the slightly more intimate city of 900,000 that is Entrages truly is the home of fashion in Gallorum. Haute couture designers Christian Lacroix and Gaultier live and work there, and every fall the Entrages Fashion Week attracts visitors from across the country and across the region. A shopping paradise, Entrages is the place for the budding fashionista.

    Turin, the extreme south of Gallorum

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    Nestled away in the foothills of the Northern Alps, the southern most city of Gallorum is Turin. With another 900,000 people living there, it is the capital of the Piedmont region of Gallorum. Full of medieval and early modern history as one of the more rebellious, religiously different regions of Gallorum, Turin has many sites to behold including Chateau du Valois en l'Alpes, a beautiful fairytale castle in the mountainous exterior of Turin. Unlike the other cities, this one has a far sleepier, slower feel. Spa treatments and relaxation are a huge draw to this city. Melt your stress away in this perhaps the most stress free destination in Gallorum.


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    St. Nicholas, a Celtic settlement binding two nations

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    A beautiful settlement of opulence and wealth, St. Nicholas is further inland than its famous castle and church that have given the city its name. This is a place that tends to trend older than the faster paced life of Aurelis or Entrages and thus moves slower. The name comes from the large number of Nicolezian Celtic settlers that moved from Icholasen to Gallorum. To this day, this is a popular destination for expats from Icholasen, usually retired. A modest city with interesting Celtic tradition wrapped in Gallic flair, this is a treat unique to the whole of northern Europe.

    Valencines, the City with a Spanish Heart

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    Valencines was originally named Neropolis after the famous Roman emperor, but upon Gaulois travellers returning home from Spain, they remarked how similar the architecture and culture were, sparking a late 18th and 19th century love of Spain. In honour of one of the most beautiful of all Spanish cities, the town was renamed Valenciennes (translated roughly to Valencians) and it has revelled in it since then. A frequent stop for those Gallic citizens who can't make the trip to Spain and for those Spanish expats who miss home, the spirit of Castille et Leon still flourishes strongly with the power of the Andalucian musical tradition.


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    Seignaux, the city of piety

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    Formerly named Durocortorum (famous for its gate and wall during the days of the Roman Empire), Seignaux is a city that has been a large source of Gallo-Roman Christianity and one of the important seats of the Gallic Orthodox Church. The Cathedrale de Notre Dame de Seignaux is a cherished national cathedral, home to several important national services. Seignaux is also home to the famous Christmas Market, on the steps and in the square of the cathedral.

    Racines, a city of hard work

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    Racines was at the heart of the Bourgogne Mining Basin of coal at the height of industrialisation. Indeed, all the way until 1990, this was an active coal basin supplying many across Europe with coal. However, as coal mining became more automated and demand lowered, Racines went into somewhat of a recession. The 2010's have seen the old town and its old industry embrace the future and in a twist of irony, Racines has now become a hotbed of tech startups and green energy technology. Racines became a symbol of the nation's transition to a bright new future into the European Union, with its 2018 referendum result read in the Racines Town Square in favour of joining the European Union. Like a phoenix out of ashes, Racines rises to relevance again in Gallorum.


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    Escolives, the environmentalist city

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    The heart of the Gallic naval history, Escolives is home to the largest aquarium in the nation and has grown into the centre of ecological and marine biological study in the country. It is home of the most party members for Les Verts and is one of their strongholds (despite losing the seat to the Travaillistes in the 2016 election). A fishing town at heart, it was also one of the centres of Celtic and Viking contact with Gallorum and has thus had a complicated history with the sea. As part of its self strengthening, Escolives developed a naval reputation that at least held of the Nicolezians for a while until they decided to settle St. Nicholas. If an aquarium seems like the perfect date or a ecological tour of La Manche seems more your speed, Escolives has the knowledge and the expertise to deliver a quality environmentally friendly vacation.

    Montrelais, the city of rebels

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    Everyone goes through a rebellious phase, and Montrelais is no exception. Built as a river city down further from the constantly raided Champigny, it was the place in which the constitutional drive towards a limited monarchy and elected parliament began in Gallorum in the mid 18th century. It also was the place where the first elected member of the Chamber of Deputies from the Travaillistes was from. An otherwise picturesque town, this place is teeming with the political activity of the nation. Indeed, if one can win the districts around Montrelais it is said to be the indication of the next government.


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    The Royal Family

    HRH Margrethe I, Queen of Gallorum and Empress of the Roman Peoples

    • Spouse: HRH The Duke of Aurelis, Prince Consort of Gallorum (d. 2010)
    • Issue: Frederic, Crown Prince of Gallorum (heir apparent); Joachim, Prince of Gallorum

    Guillaume, Grand Duke of Escolives, Heir Apparent

    • Spouse: Stéphanie, Grand Duchess of Escolives
    • Issue: Expecting 2020

    Joachim, Duke of Turin

    • Spouse: Alexandra, Comtesse d'Agoult (div. 2005); Marie, Duchess of Monzepat, Crown Princess of Gallorum
    • Issue: Prince Nicholas of Gallorum, Prince Felix of Gallorum, Prince Henri of Gallorum, Princess Athene of Gallorum

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    Grincourt, a liveable city

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    Grincourt is a beautiful, mountainous city of Gallorum. It is located in the extreme east of the country in Grand Est. It was founded by the Helvetii tribes before Roman conquest in 121 BC. It became Christian under the Late Roman Empire, and acquired its first bishop in the 5th century, having been connected to the Bishopric of Seignaux in the 4th century. In the middle ages, the County of Grincourt was established and ruled by a Bishop-Count of the Gallic Orthodox Church once the Great Schism of 1065 occured.

    L'abbaye de Grincourt is one of the most famous monasteries, established in the 13th century. Many an influential monk or nun was trained at the abbey. Grincourt was also one of the cities that the traditionalist forces during the Peaceful Revolutions of 1774-1792. Grincourt and its larger neighbour Seignaux were opposed to the republican movement, as they believed the monarchy was crucial in keeping the Gallic Orthodox Church going. In modern times, Grincourt is known for its spas, its livestock, and its chocolate. The city has become home to around 200,000 people.


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    Healthcare in the Kingdom of Gallorum

    The Gaulois health care system is generally recognised as offering one of the best, services of public health care in Europe. Above all, it is a system that works, provides universal cover, and is a system that is strongly defended by virtually everyone in Gallorum.

    The health care system in Gallorum is made up of a fully-integrated network of public hospitals, private hospitals, doctors and other medical service providers. It is a universal service providing health care for every citizen, irrespective of wealth, age or social status.

    Funding of health care in Gallorum

    The Gaulois health care system is funded in part by mandatory health contributions levied on all salaries, and paid by employers, employees and the self employed; in part by central government funding; and in part by users who normally have to pay a small fraction of the cost of most acts of health care that they receive. For salaries under £30,000, the rate is 6% tax; for up to £50,000 it is an 8% tax; for over £100,000 it is a 15% tax. This tax is mandatory. In addition, a tax on revenue for business and corporations of 8% (small business) and 10% (corporation) adds to the overall fund.

    For Users

    The Gaulois health care system is relatively simple for its users - that means virtually everyone living and working in Gallorum, or dependent on someone living or working in Gallorum, and every pensioner. The transfer of funds through the system between patients,and health care providers is ensured by the Sécurité Sociale and often subcontracted to complementary health insurance funds known as mutuelles. The system is highly computerised, since the introduction over ten years ago of a health insurance smartcard known as the Carte Vitale.

    Primary health care

    Primary health care is provided by a network of 200,000 general practitioners (in French, médecins généralistes) (a ratio of 1 MG per 230 inhabitants). Most MGs are self-employed professionals, and work either on their own, or in group practices. Citizens are free to choose the MG they want, and sign up with him or her, as their personal doctor. Citizens may also consult any other MG they wish, but only the personal doctor with whom they are registered is authorised to refer patients to a specialist or to another health care provider - nurse, physiotherapist, etc - for further care under the health care system.

    In most cases, patients have to pay a flat rate fee for any visit to a general practitioner. The cost in 2019 is £25 per visit, irrespective of the time taken, but is higher for visits to surgeries open at night or at weekends, and for home visits. Most of the cost will then be automatically reimbursed to the patient by his state-run health insurance provider, leaving the patient with between zero and £6 to pay for a standard trip to the doctor, depending on the type of health care insurance he has and the age or medical condition of the patient. All MGs in Gallorum have signed a contract with the national health insurance scheme to provide their services in the framework of the national health service, at the rates agreed nationally.

    Accident and emergency

    A&E services (les urgences) are part of the national health care system. All cities and large towns have a service known as the SAMU, which is the emergency ambulance service. Paramedics and medics from the SAMU are called out in the event of accident or emergency, and provide on the spot assistance before transporting the sick or injured to A&E or other specialised units at the nearest hospital providing them.

    The SAMU ambulance service is only used for accidents and emergencies. Other routine ambulance work is carried out by private ambulance firms, subcontracted to the state health care system.

    Specialist health care

    Specialist health care is provided by thousands of specialists in all branches of medicine, in towns and cities throughout Gallorum. Specialists charge higher fees than general practitioners, but again there are official rates agreed with the national health service, which form the basis on which patients are reimbursed. A large number of specialists apply tariffs that are higher than the official rates; in such cases, patients will either be reimbursed according to the standard rate, or else at a higher rate, if their health insurance provider provides for this.

    As stated above, visits to specialists in Gallorum are only reimbursed by the health care system at the full rate if the patient has been referred to the specialist by his own MG. Citizens may also visit any specialist they want, without getting referred by their own MG; but if they do so, the cost of their specialist visit will only be paid back at the basic MG visit rate, however much they paid.

    The main exception to this is for dentists: dental care is covered by the health service, but has its own tariffs and reimbursement rates. Generally speaking, most basic dental work - fillings, extractions etc. - is carried out and paid for under much the same conditions as other specialist health care treatment. Other more complex operations are also reimbursed, but at lower rates.

    Many specialists divide their time between consultancy work in their own surgery or group practice, and hospital work. Some work exclusively in their own practice, and some work exclusively in hospitals or clinics. It is important to remember that specialists working outside state hospitals do so as self-employed professionals, offering a private service that is paid for by the patient, and then rapidly reimbursed by the state health insurance scheme.

    Medicines, pharmaceuticals

    MGs and specialists prescribe medicines and other parapharmaceutical products that must then be obtained by the patient from a pharmacy. It is unusual for MGs, except perhaps on night visits, to have any medicines available with them.

    At pharmacies, the pay-and-get-reimbursed principle again applies, with one major difference. Whereas with doctors' visits, the patient pays the full amount due, and then is reimbursed later minus the percentage he has to pay, with pharmaceuticals the patient pays only the part of the cost that is not taken care of by the state health care system.

    Thus, for a typical visit to the pharmacy with a prescription for drugs costing, let's say, fifty livres, the patient will be charged between zero and fifteen livres, depending on the nature of the drugs and material prescribed, and the health insurance cover he has. There are four basic rates of reimbursement for medicines: 100%, 65% (the normal rate) 35% and not-reimbursed. Complementary health insurance plans (known as les mutuelles) will push these rates up considerably.

    Hospitals

    There are two sorts of hospitals in Gallorum; generally speaking these are known as hôpitaux when they are state run, and cliniques when they are privately run. Most private cliniques are state approved, and can therefore work for the national health service. Many specialists work in both state run hospitals and in private clinics: since they are self-employed professionals, they can sell their services to whatever hospital or clinic will pay them.

    Both MGs and specialists can refer patients for hospital treatment if it is deemed necessary; and within the framework of the health service, they can send them for treatment in either a state-run hospital or a private clinic, whichever they consider to be best for the purpose, or to provide the fastest service.

    In the framework of the Gaulois health care system, patients are only billed for a very small proportion of the cost of their stay in hospital; the most significant charge that the patient must pay is an £18 per day hospitalisation fee, basically a contribution to the board and lodging provided by the hospital. In most cases, most or all of the rest of the bill is paid for by the state health insurance scheme and complementary health programmes.

    Administration

    The health care system is coordinated centrally by the Ministry of Health, and administered by the actors in the service, hospitals, clinics, doctors, other health care providers, pharmacies, ambulance companies, etc. The job of bringing in the obligatory health insurance contributions owed by employers, employees and the self employed, is undertaken by the Ministry of Finance and Revenue.

    The National Health Authority monitors the health technologies and medicines that are being used in the healthcare system. The Public Health Service monitors public health threats including disease controls and health code standards. The Regional Health Agency provides hands on administration of budgets, hospitals, supplies and employment. The National Union of Insurance Funds monitors payments to self-employed health professionals as well as reimbursements to claimants.

    Difficulties

    Like health insurance schemes everywhere, the Gaulois state health insurance program has difficulty making ends meet, and relies increasingly on top ups from the general budget of the state. An ageing population and the explosion of health care costs due to increasing expectations and the development of expensive new processes and medicines, have put enormous strains on the system. The rates of reimbursement have been reduced in recent years, and some contributions increased. People complain of the cost, but at the same time very few voices are ever heard in Gallorum calling for a reduction in the services provided.

    In short, almost everyone in Gallorum knows that Gallorum has one of the best health services in the region, if not the best, and one that is the envy of many other countries. New solutions will be needed in the years to come to make sure that the system continues to provide this high level of service; but there is more or less total consensus in Gallorum that whatever the cost may be, it will be worth it.


  • ECoJ

    Politics Continued

    Political Parties

    Political parties are a big part of Gallorum's politics. The 51 million registered voters of the nation mostly identify to one party or the other, though a good chunk are unaligned. Many people say that the political parties are passed down through the generations. At the time of the first Parliament, there were no political parties. Now there are five major parties and several more across the country that are very small. These are the five political parties of the National Assembly and the Senate.

    • Parti Socialiste (Socialist Party): this was formerly the Parti Social Democratic et Travailliste (Social Democratic and Labour Party). Simplification of the name came with a confirmatory vote in the party executive. The party is a broad church of many factions within the party. Led by leader Jean-Marc Ayrault, the factions include social ecologist, Baschetist (moderate), Aubryists (Christian left), Mitterandites (democratic socialists), Delanoistes (social liberalism), New Socialists and Social-Ecologie. The Socialist Party tends to balance cabinets with representatives of all factions. The party has championed everything from nationalisation of energy and rail to liberalisation of the media and decentralisation.

    • Parti Démocrate-Chrétien (Christian Democratic Party): this party has been the traditional party of government for quite a while. This centre right party has two factions. The Gaullists named after Charles de Gaulle, one of whom is Michel Kligenberg, current leader. The Gaullists believe in Gallorum's destiny as an exceptional nation and that they must build a thriving economy and military to match it. The other side is the liberal side, which is decidedly more classically liberal. They do believe a strong state is necessary for law and order and to instil duty into the populace. As the name suggests, the party is prides itself on its roots in Christian politics, particularly in the Gallic Orthodox Church. Some have said that it is a wing of the Orthodox Church.

    • Libéraux En Marche (Liberals On the Move): this party is the newest party, having sprung up in 2017 as a broken faction off the Christian Democrats and Socialists who found them too constrained by conservative or socialist thought under Francois Fillon and Manuel Valls. Its leader, Emmanuel Macron, has championed social and economic liberalism and largely pulls from the centre for its ideas. Some might call their politics democratic liberalism.

    • Europe Ecologie - Les Verts: this is a party that prides itself on being about green politics. It opposes Gallorum's energy policy of mostly nuclear and natural gas power, with more emphasis on environmentally friendly energy production like geothermal, wind, solar, and hydroelectric power. The part is also alter-globalisation. It opposes the way globalisation has been approached and would rather a different approach. Democratisation of water supply, fair trade that includes workers rights and environmental standards, and increased self governance of regions. Their leader is Nathalie Bennet.

    • Rassemblement National (National Rally): this is a party that prides itself on its protectionism and nationalism. A somewhat populist party, it is popular among rural, poorer Gallons in certain regions of the country, particularly around Racines and others. National conservatism, a mix of upholding national/cultural identity mixed with hard conservative ideas, is at the cornerstone of this movement. It is led by Marine Le Pen, who took over the leadership from her father. She has softened the view of the RN in recent years, but still harnesses the right-wing populist energy that swept it to relevance in 2012, when it won nearly 30 seats in the National Assembly and 100 councils.


  • ECoJ

    The Gallic Parliament

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    Gouvernement de Sa Majesté

    • Parti Socialiste (PS): 320 deputies (+ Speaker of the National Assembly)

    L'Opposition Loyale

    • Parti Démocrate-Chrétien (PDC): 254 deputies
    • Libéraux En Marche (LEM): 35 deputies

    Les Petits Partis

    • Europe Ecologie - Les Verts (EELV): 11 deputies
    • Rassemblement National (RM): 10 deputies

    Le Sénat

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    Gouvernement de Sa Majesté

    • Parti Socialiste: 139 Senators (+ President of the Senate)

    L'Opposition Loyale

    • Parti Démocrate-Chrétien (PDC): 120 Senators
    • Libéraux En Marche (LEM): 16 Senators

    Les Petits Partis

    • Independants: 30 Senators

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    Le Palais d'Aurelis, Home of the Gallic Parliament

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    The Senate Chamber

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    The National Assembly Chamber


  • ECoJ

    Transport Network in Gallorum

    Rail Network

    There is a total of 29,901 kilometres (18,580 mi) of railway in Gallorum, mostly operated by SNCG (Société nationale des chemins gaulois), the Gaulois national railway company. Like the road system, the Gaulois railway is subsidised by the state, receiving £13.2 billion in 2013.

    From 1981 onwards, a newly constructed set of high-speed Lignes à Grande Vitesse (LGV) lines linked Gallorum's most populous areas with the capital, starting with Aurelis to Turin. The TGV has set many world speed records, the most recent on 3 April 2007, when a new version of the TGV dubbed the V150 with larger wheels than the usual TGV, and a stronger 25,000 hp (18,600 kW) engine, broke the world speed record for conventional rail trains, reaching 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph).

    Since 1 January 2015 SNCG consists of three divisions:

    • SNCG Réseau is the infrastructure division of SNCG, and carries out track and other infrastructure maintenance, design and construction. Subsidiaries in the group include Systra, Inexia and SNCG International.

    • SNCG Mobilités is the transport division of SNCG, tasked with the operation of passenger and goods trains. It comprises three branches of activity:

    • SNCG Voyages is responsible for passenger transport. Constituent parts include TGV, TER, Transelis and Intercités. Keolis is responsible for urban transport (tramways, bus networks).

    • SNCG Logistics is the rail and general freight logistics section of SNCG as well as rail-freight stock management companies including Gallorum Wagons and Ermewa.

    • SNCG Immobilier is responsible for the stations' maintenance.

    Trains, unlike road traffic, drive on the left. Metro and tramway services are not thought of as trains and usually follow road traffic in driving on the right. Tram services are found in Ile-de-Gallia, Tigeaux, Boureuilles, St. Nicholas, Entrages, Valencines, Seigneux, Racines, Escolives, Montrelais, Grincourt, Tours, and Passages.

    Road Network

    There are ~950,000 km (590,000 mi) of roads in Gallorum. The Gallic motorway network or autoroute system consists largely of state managed motorways. It is a network totalling 12,000 km (7,500 mi) of motorways operated by the state. Subnational routes are managed by regional or local governments with central government subsidies.

    Gallorum currently counts 30,500 km of major trunk roads or routes nationales and state-owned motorways. By way of comparison, the routes départementales cover a total distance of 365,000 km. The main trunk road network reflects the centralising tradition of Gallorum: the majority of them leave the gates of Aurelis. The numbering system radiates out from Aurelis. The A1 is the northern highway, so on and so forth, with A11 going towards the Norman Corner (the harbour between the Loire and Normandie). Gallorum is believed to be one of the most car-dependent countries in Europe. In 2015, 937 billion vehicle kilometres were travelled in Gallorum (80% by car).

    Waterways

    The Gallic natural and man-made waterways network is large, extending to over 8,500 kilometres (5,300 mi) of which (VNG, English: Navigable Waterways of Gallorum), the Gallic navigation authority, manages the navigable sections. Some of the navigable rivers include the Loire, Sequaine, and Rhône. The assets managed by VNG comprise 6,700 kilometres (4,200 mi) of waterways, made up of 3,800 kilometres (2,400 mi) of canals and 2,900 kilometres (1,800 mi) of navigable rivers, 494 dams, 1595 locks, 74 navigable aqueducts, 65 reservoirs, 35 tunnels and a land area of 800 km2 (310 sq mi). Two significant waterways not under VNG's control are the navigable sections of the River Somme and the Nittany Canals, which are both under local management.

    Approximately 20% of the network is suitable for commercial boats of over 1000 tonnes and the VNG has an ongoing programme of maintenance and modernisation to increase depth of waterways, widths of locks and headroom under bridges to support Gallorum's strategy of encouraging freight onto water.

    Air Travel

    There are approximately 478 airports in Gallorum and three heliports. 388 of the airports have paved runways, with the remaining 99 being unpaved. Among the airspace governance authorities active in Gallorum, one is Aéroports Ile-de-Gallia, which has authority over the Aurelis region, managing 14 airports including the two busiest in Gallorum, Charles de Gaulle Airport and Aurelis Valois Airport. The former, located in Roissy near Paris, handled 60 million passenger movements in 2008, and is Gallorum's primary international airport.


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