Czech Slavia, The Democratic Republic of - Factbook
Full Name: The Democratic Republic of Czech Slavia
Conventional Name: Czech Slavia
Motto: Truth prevails
Denonym: Czech (noun & adjective)
National Anthem: Kde domov můj
Official Languages: Czech
Capital City: Prague
0,49% Roman Catholic
0,12% Other Christians
0,05% Other religions
Government type: Unitary parliamentary republic
Legislature: National Assembly
Legislature type: Unicameral assembly
President: Vratislav Sova
Prime minister: Slavomíra Černá
Brief History - Part 1
As the entire eastern block got into crisis in the late 1980s so did Czechoslovak socialist republic. With demonstrators demanding the change of the system, the ruling Communist party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) was looking for a way out of the crisis. While some members of the party supported major reforms and wanted to hold talks with the leaders of the Civic Forum (a group of dissidents leading the demonstrations), others were against any form of negotiations with the Civic forum and others were against the more drastic reforms.
The discussions held inside the party resulted in the adoption of the policy trying to unite Czechoslovakia with Poland into a Western Slavia, a federation comprising of Polish Slavia, Czech Slavia and Slovak Slavia, to better face the crisis. While the agreement creating Western Slavia were signed, the plan failed with the fall of socialism in Poland and the new Polish government withdrawing from the agreement, before it could come into effect on 1 January 1990. As Czechoslovakia was preaparing heavily for this unification the economy collapsed.
Following Polish withdrawal from the agreement and the economic collapse the party members that supported the cration of Western Slavia resigned from their positions. Instead party members that supported democratization of the state, but were against negotiations with the Civic Forum. A major reforms were promised, and the communist party was now portraing itself as a bringer of these reforms.
The promised reforms were able to calm the situation in Czechia, but the position of communist party in Slovakia was still weakening and keeping power in Slovakia until reforms arrive seemed unsustainable. Communist party was forced to agree to hold elections in Slovakia on 8 and 9 June 1990.
On 1 January Western Slavia was created comprising of Czech Slavia and Slovak Slavia, this meant little beside the name change. On 8 and 9 June elections were held in Slovak Slavia with Public Against Violence (Slovak counterpart of Civic Forum) winning and forming the government. This victory has encouraged the Civic Forum and a large-scale demonstrations occuring again in Czech lands. The Czech and Slovak government agreed to dissolute Western Slavia peacefully and create independent Czech Slavia and independent Slovakia on 1 January 1991. This also meant that KSČ had to split into two separate parties, Communist party of Czech Slavia (KSČS) and Communist party of Slovakia (KSS).
Meanwhile KSČS managed to pass major reforms democratising Czech Slavia and abolishing censorship. The party however fully used the state media (only mass media in the country) for campaign advertising. KSČS was also able to keep their party coalition National Front (although all the minor parties in the coalition were weakened by many members splitting to found new parties independed from the communist party).
The National Front won the elections held 5 and 6 October 1991 and was able to form a government. The new goal of KSČS and other member parties of National Front was now to restore the severly damaged economy.
Parliamentary parties in Czech Slavia
National Front (Czech: Národní fronta, NF) an electoral alliance founded in 1945. Since 1948 the alliance is dominated by the Communist Party. Until 1991 all legal political parties had to be part of National Front. Currently the alliance is comprised of:
Communist Party of Czech Slavia (Czech: Komunistická strana České Slávie, KSČS) was founded in 1990 as a Czech part of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. It is a far-left nationalist party that staunchly opposes privatization. The party is an advocate for high minimal wage, and massive founding of state industries. KSČS is openly anti-clerical and supports the policy of state atheism.
Czech Socialist Party (Czech: Česká strana socialistická, ČSS) was founded in 1897 as Party of Czechoslavonic National Workers, in 1948 the party became pro-communist and expelled members that were against further cooperation with the Communist Party. It is a far-left nationalist party mostly dependant on the Communist Party.
Civic Forum (Czech: Občanské fórum, OF) was founded in 1991 as a major opposition to the National Front. It is a rather loose right-wing liberal conservative party, with some liberal factions inside the party. The party advocates for rapid privatization, lowering the minimal wage and lowering taxes. OF is strongly against the policy of state atheism.
Czech National Democracy (Czech: Česká národní demokracie, ČND) was founded in 2013. It is a right-wing populist party. Factions of the party advocate for rapid privatization while other factions advocate for slow privatization. The party is against lowering minimal wage and instead advocates for lowering international help and lowering taxes. ČND is strongly against the policy of state atheism.
National Front of Labour (Czech: Národní fronta práce, NFP) an electoral alliance founded in 1995. Currently the alliance is comprised of:
Social Democratic Party of Czech Slavia (Czech: Sociálně demokratická strana České Slávie, SDSČS) was founded in 1878 as Czechoslavonic Social Democratic Worker's Party, in 1948 the party was incorporated into the Communist Party and in 1991 the party was recreated. It is a left-wing party. The party advocates for slow privatization and is againts raising taxes and lowering the minimal wage. SDSČS is against the policy of state atheism.
Czech National Social Party (Czech: Česká strana národně sociální, ČSNS) was founded in 1897 as Party of Czechoslavonic National Workers. In 1991 members of the Socialist Party, that were against cooperation with the Communist Party split from the party and founded ČSNS independent of the Communist Party. It is a left-wing liberal nationalist party currently mostly dependant on the Social Democratic Party.