Nuclear Test Regulations Act 2012
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NUCLEAR TEST REGULATIONS ACT
Proposed by Pax Aurea :: Passed (12-0), April 19th, 2012 :: Unamended
SECTION I. PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS
This Act aims to regulate and restrict the testing of nuclear ordnance by the member states of the European Union, and to minimize the harmful effects of the said tests to people and the environment.
Member nations of the European Union are aware of the negative effects of nuclear tests, including but not limited to radioactive fallout and long-term pollution of large natural areas.
For the purposes of this Act, we define the used terms as follows:
a. nuclear test: a detonation of an explosive device using nuclear fission or nuclear fusion outside of nuclear warfare for the purpose of research and/or experimentation;
b. atmosphere: the layer of gases surrounding Earth, up to the altitude of 100 km, but not including any subterranean or underwater environments;
c. outer space: the altitudes of 100 km and higher above the planet Earth;
d. body of water: any natural water system, such as a lake or a sea;
e. minor nuclear ordnance: a nuclear ordnance with a yield of no more than 100 kilotons
This Act in no way prevents nations from enacting stricter regulations on nuclear testing, or banning nuclear tests altogether within their sovereign territory.
SECTION II. REGULATIONS
Member nations of the European Union are hereby required to forbid nuclear tests in the following environments:
a. within the Earth's atmosphere;
b. on the Earth's surface, excluding the areas specified in subsection (2);
c. under bodies of water;
d. on the Moon;
e. in the immediate vicinity of natural aquifers, where contamination is a considerable threat;
f. in the polar regions.
Member nations of the European Union are hereby required to restrict their nuclear testing to:
a. underground test sites;
b. outer space test sites;
c. above-ground testing sites for minor nuclear ordnance only, in remote and uninhabited locations, such as desert regions and remote islands, that meet the criteria of subsection (3).
Member nations of the European Union are required to take reasonable and appropriate precautions to minimize the risks to persons and natural environments caused by nuclear testing. This includes the following:
a. a distance of no less than 300 kilometres from national borders;
b. a distance of no less than 200 kilometres from closest legitimate human habitation;
c. a distance of no less than 300 kilometres from ocean(s);
d. an appropriate distance to areas where wildlife is particularly abundant, diverse, or bears considerable national or international importance;
e. possibility of damage caused by an electromagnetic pulse from an outer space nuclear test.
SECTION III. ENFORCEMENT
All member nations of the European Union are required to harmonize their national law(s) with this Act in 6 months of time from its approval by the European Council.
Violations of this Act may be tried in the European Court of Justice.
Violations of this Act in may also result in an investigation and verdict by the European Nuclear Applications Authority (ENAA).