Sitanova - Factbook
SITANOVAN HISTORY IV: THE ROMAN BYZANTINE PROVINCE AND THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE.
When Peace finally came in the year 500, there were only 4 cities were infraestructure and the life style was very good. This was due to the constant battles between the Romans, Germanics and Vikings. But now, the road was clean and prosperous times came to the Slavian Province. First, they started by rebuilding all the cities in the Province and by building new ones , only that this time the infrastructure was more modern and with highly Roman Byzantine Influences. Then they designed a modern road system to conect the South with the North and the East with the West. In the Past, there had never been a road that directly conected the Valley people, so concetivity was stronger than ever. The Byzantines gave a big importance to education and built many schools and Universities along the Province. As well they were strongly christians and because of this, they assured themselves to build a Church, Cathedral, Basilica and Monasteries, through every city and Village it was possible. Then, they remodeled and improved the Slavian Ports. In the Past, the Ports had little capacity for ships and the equipment was very old, and so, the Byzantines improved the size of the Ports and renewed it´s equipment. Slavia was now a comercial centre of the Empire and was full of important ports. By the year 540, ony a 30% of the Slavian land was composed of arable land. In the past, the Valley agriculture was given low comparison with the importance they gave to fishing and comercializing wiht other nations. The Byzantines, saw that the small amount of arable land wasn´t enough to supply the also now growing population of the province. And though the small land dedicated to agriclture was fertil, they decided to pull down most of the forest zones of Sitanova, espcially in the Nothern and North-eastern regions of the Province, which were composed in their large majority of Dense Plain Pine Forest. And so by the year 550, only a 35% of the Land was composed of forest and the rest was arable land. Though there was a problem that the Byzantines faced when they destroyed the forest, and it was that though the land was strongly fertile, the most of the people in the North new little of agriculture, as they for generations had lived as lumberjacks and Carpenters, and so they designed and founded schools that were exclusive to teach people how to work the land.
By the year 640, the Province of Slavia, passed to be known as the Archonship of Slavia and By the year 940, as the Dux of Slavia, which was preceeded by a general called doux..By the year 990, due to the expansionism of agriculture in the province, the Byzantinians, decided to instruct in certain topics the peasants and common people and only wealthy merchants were able to really attend to Universities and real Academies. Making with this people uneducated and easy to be manipulated. By the year 1001, there was a disproportion of wealth, in which only 15% of the population managed most of the arable lands and businesess. Then, many started a rebellion for equality and called for the independence of the Empire. In order to calm down the rebellion, the Byzantines brought rural schools for the peasants and poors, as well as a small opening for them to own the land and some business. But then, many people started to leave their agricultural works and passed to be merchants, so the Byzantines decided to import Slavic slaves to the empire to work the Land. By the year 1010, only a 30% of the famers were slavians while the 70% where Slavs. In some ocasions, the Slavians and the Slavs, tend to mix and so, the Slavs were able to climb up to certain social positions.
In the year 1054, came the Great Schism, and the Byzantine Empire founded the Eastern Orthodox Church. In the Province, all the Churches, Cathedrals and Monasteries, were passed to the newly founded Orthodox Church of Slavia. Then the Catholic Archbishop Augustine, showed oposition and continued the Catholic rituals in secret , for this, he was expelled from the Empire and was replaced by the Patriarch Bartholomew. Then the Slavians, who were strongly Catholics, oposed also to convert to the Orthodox Church and continued their practices in an underground network. This angered the Doux Juistinus II of Slavia, who brutally opressed the Catholics and by obligatory means converted them to the Orthodox Church. From then , the Slavians will now look the Byzantines with another perspective, as well as saw the Orthodox Church as a symbol of opression.
By the year 1100, the Doux Constantine and the Roman Byzantine Emperor John Comneno I, agreed to import the 60% of the goods to the empire and to reduce the power of all the Slavians in the Province, who slowly had manage to control almost all the economical sector of the Province.This angered the Slavians, who now again started a rebellion and called for independence, but now, the Byzantine authorites, didn´t had the support of the wealthy Slavian merchants, who in the past have helped them to calm down the rebellion. Even in this occasion, the leader of the pro independence movement, was a wealthy Slavian Merchant named John Arandelovan, who was of Slavian-Slav descendency. From there until the year 1109, a civil war erupted between the Byzantines and the Slavians Nationalist, who took advantage of the weakness of the Empire´s army because of the crusades and the muslim expansionism present in some regions of the Empire. In the year 1110, the Leader of the Slavian Nationalist, John Arandelovan, was proclaimed as sole ruler by the Clandestine Slavian Governemnt, which counted with more support of the population, rather than the Byzantines. In that same year, the Holy Roman Empire and the Slavian Rebells, agreed that they annex the Slavian Territory, in quality of Kleinstaaten of the Holy Roman Empire, or in other words, as Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire. With this, on August the 10th 1110, the Holy Roman Empire, won over the Byzantines the Slavian Territorry and named it as Imperial Sate of Sitanova, with the now new King John Arandelovan as head of it. The name as it can be seen, was changed by the Holy Roman Empire authorites, as they tend for a extrange reason to confuse Slavia for Sitanova. As well as gained one seat at the Imperial Diet.
With the annexation of the Slavians to the Holy Roman Empire, Roman Catholicism was again established as official religion, with this most of the Churches and cathedrals were returned to the Catholics, though in the Pact made with the Slavians, the Orthodox minority left would be respected and some churches will be left to them. Again Saint Peter and Saint Paul became the Capital of the Sitanovan Imperial State and a Court of the King. To be continued....
mural dating from 1200, which tells the taking of the city of Saint Peter and Saint Paul by the Holy Roman Empire Army
SITANOVAN HISTORY V: THE IMPERIAL STATE
As medieval times entered in progress, the imperial state Sitanova, again suffered a major change in the lifestyle of its citizens, first, a feudal system was established, in which King John Arandelovan I was the head of the Imperial Province and whose court was established in the City of St Peter and St Paul at Castle Aldith. Then the king established six nobles, and name them as dukes. Within Sitanova, at that time there were six ducats, which were: The Duchy of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, El Duchy of Brauer, The Duchy of Alexandria, The Duchy of St John, The Duchy of Saint Therese and The Duchy of St Stephen. These six dukes, could be recognized as feudal lords and vassals of the king and these in turn had vassals members of the lower nobility and these lower nobles had peasants and laborers as vassals, who were the lowest class. In the case of the Church, there were six Bishops in the Imperial State, these, had large properties within the duchies and were the upper class of the hierarchy of the church, then there were members of the middle class hierarchical and finally in the underclass the brotherhoods. The second major change that happened in the Imperial state was the expansion of cities and towns the and change from Byzantine structure to Saxon structure. What brought an air of modernism to the place and at the same time brought more people to live in the region and this made the population would grow to such an extent that exceeded the current population. In most people who migrated to the Valley where from the districts of high and low Saxon in the Holy Roman Empire, to work as peasants, live as Vassals or as nobles. It´s noteworthy, that only nobles, clergy and some vassals had access to education and to the Universities in the State.
Although the Crusades began in 1099, it was not until 1209 that the Imperial State took part in wars. On May 23, 1209, King Charles II, established military camps in the central areas of the state, by direct order of His Majesty the Emperor Otho IV. But it was not until the following year that the troops sent by the emperor to arrivarian State and occupy the camps and then leave Muslim lands, this was so until the year 1291. By getting into the wars of the Crusades, Muslims, tried on many occasions but without success to conquer the Imperial state. Within the state, for a time there was persecution of Jews and members of the Orthodox Church until the year 1291. In the year 1291, with the end of the Crusades, some of those who participated in the wars, remained to work as merchants and farmers in the state. During the fourteenth century in the Imperial State there was a housing census of 5 million people and reigned Peace and Progress. For the year 1346, Mongolians tried unsuccessfully to conquer Sitanova, however, brought the Black Death and infected many. Among those infected with the plague, were the then King James III and his wife Queen Joan, who like most of the time Sitanovans died shortly after being infected by the plague. It is estimated that by the year 1490, the population had dwindled to 877.900 people. For the year 1400, the plague had disappeared from Sitanova and took him millions of innocents. For that year, a population of 567.990 is estimated. Since then, Sitanova experienced a period of poorness and internal conflicts of if the king should be the head of the nobility or whether it should to give way to another of the six Feudal Dukes. However, for 1500, the then King John Arandelovan VII achievement strengthen its power and maintain the throne that had belonged to his family for centuries. After 10 years, Sitanova managed to stay afloat and keep the edge of the vanguard in Literature, Art, Politics and Inclusive Society. As for the way of sorrow, Humanism at the beginning was a boom, but then decreasing faith. This is due to the absolutist and strongly Catholic state that existed at the time. As for art and music, cultural movements such as the Baroque and Renaissance, had an influential part in today's culture. As for society, Sitanova had remained with the obsolete feudal society and by the year 1500, King gave more openness to burgesia and remove the titles of vassals and feudal lords. Although the Duchies permancecieron force and with the same noble families to his head. Finally, the Baroque and Renaissance structure was very influential to modernize the old medieval buildings remaining, although many of the old medieval buildings had to be demolished instead of remodeled due to the drastic decline in the population. When the country was again stable,the people attributed to King John VII as builder and father of the country, this in a public event held at the Cathedral of St Peter and St Paul in the presence of Sitanovan Cardinal Mon. Schweintz, all the nobility and the rest of the Sitanovan people.
1)King John IV builder and father of the Country ,2) Flag of the Imperial State of Sitanova ,3)Battle of Sitanovans against Mongols
SITANOVAN HISTORY VI: GREAT DUCHY
Peace in the Imperial State, lasted very little time because in 1527, a priest sent from Germany named Albert Klein, introduced the reformist ideas of Martin Luther, which at the beginning caused controversy and helped to the foundation of a then-thriving Lutheran church in the northern regions of Sitanova, where a certain minority still exists up to today. Even King Henry V, with the influence of a priest , who was also a close friend who had recently been named Bishop of the newly Lutheran Church, convinced him to accept the Protestant religion and start a persecution against the Catholic majority. This created great discontent among the nobility, the people and even the soldiers who were sent to kill even their own families and then, people rebelled against the king, taking him to the guillotine and putting in place his nephew second degree, Duke Andrew Brauer. The new King, was wed to his cousin Princess Astrid the then heir to the lineage of the Arandelovan continue on the throne. He also showed a hard stance Catholic and Protestant repressed many of the ideas brought by Albert Klein, who was taken to the gallows by order of the new King. By its sanguinary measures to suppress any opocicion, he was given the name of Bloody Andrew.This also caused his own death, because his own wife, though a fervent Catholic, never agreed with extremist ideas of her husband and in 1540, poisoned him. Queen Astrid, stopped the religious persecution and allowed that small minority to live in peace in Northern Imperial State. The years that followed were if real peace.
In 1600, the Crown Princess Margaret, married with the Polish Duke Ivan Jakov, who was a close friend of King Sigismund III of Poland. This did not bring him much hapiness to tthe Holy Emperor, fearing the Polish invasion to the Imperial State. However, in 1605, upon the death of King Harold II, the new Queen Margaret, I did not allow his court to be influenced or might show trends in favor of Poland. In 1607, the young queen died in wen childbirthing her second son Prince Ivan. The minimum age to ascend the throne were 20, and the-Crown Prince Harold, had just six years, and therefore his father the Duke Jakov was named regent of the Imperial State. For his Polish nationality and its strong influence on this, the appointment of Duke did not fall much grace to the emperor, who sent troops, along with a representative to overthrow the Duke and choose another of the six nobles elegibles.The enraged Duke asked his friend the King of Poland, whom promised him that if he helped expel the troops of the Holy Roman Empire,Sitanova would be attached to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. For two years, Sitanova, was a battlefield between imperial forces and Poles. The end of this bloody war, was favorable for the Poles, who annexed the Imperial State to Poland and named as the Grand Duchy of St Peter and St Paul, with Duke Ivan Jakov to the head. The new Grand Duke, strongly repressed the six major clans and even Real and sent them away from his court family live in misery. Instead, the Duke introduced Polish nobles to his court. In the years that would follow people to rebel against the Polish domain that was forcibly introduced. In response, people were strongly repressed by the Duke. During the nearly 100 years that followed, the Grand Duchy was ruled by Jakov family and many Poles emigrated to the country because of this.
In 1701, the then Grand Duke Maximilian Jakov, brought a number of less extreme internal policies than their predecessors ,among these, people improved their lifestyle. Another notable change was that the expulsion of his court to the most important members and descendants Polish nobles brought from 1610 and instead restored to members of the former seven noble clans, including the former royal family although with few powers and with total loyalty to the Gran Duke. Estrangement with Poland, caused that in that same year, Sitanova split from Poland and annexed to Austria-Hungary as the Grand Duchy of Sitanova. However, the only real change was to belong from one country to another, as the Jakov family remained in the titular clan Post of Grand Duke and since the death of the Grand Duke Maximilian in 1720, his three successors would resume oppressive measures against the people, to such an extent that people started to live in poverty and misery.
For the beginning of the nineteenth century, people already had tired of totalitarianism of Jakov and wanted independence. The Leadership of this idea was taken by the Count Albert Brauer, who´s family in the past had belonged to his family six noble families oppressed by the Jakov´s and whom had reduced them who had to the title of Count. Albert Brauer, then won the support of the original Sitanovan oppressed nobility, the Bourgeoisie, and people in general, and formed a militia independence.The struggle for independence lasted from 1806 to 1816, exactly 10 years. In the fight, much was characterized in the battles, as the militia possessed better tactical and military preparation than the forces of the Grand Duke. So in 1816, with the support of the vast majority of Sitanovans, the militia under the leadership of Albert Brauer gradually won territory on Sitanova to the point of surrounding the Fall Palace of the Grand Duke on on October 1st, where the Grand Duke Ivan III, was forced to ask Austria-Hungary followed Independence and forced to abdicate in favor of Albert Brauer. When ascending to Grand Duke, Albert Brauer forced the entire Jakov Family into exile and were wedded to their land and returned to the old nobility and another part to people. Finally, with a strong military response and strength, Austria Hungary accepted the request Independence. On December 30th, 1816, Sitanova finally became a independent nation. To be continued...
Battle for Independence. Circa: 1815
SITANOVAN HISTORY PART VII: THE KINGDOM OF SITANOVA
After the proclamation of independence of Sitanova, the new Grand Duke Albert Brauer dissolved the court of the duch and established a National Parliament composed of two chambers, the House of Commons, who were elected by the people and the Senate which was composed of nobles appointed by the monarch. With the birth of this new political system, two political parties appeared with it, the Conservative and Liberal Parties. on January 3rd of 1817, by a popular claim, the nation was proclaimed as Kingdom of Sitanova and the Grand Duke, Albert Brauer was appointed as King.
With the birth of the new nation came also the establishment of factories and a middle class, as well as a bigger openness to the exterior world. Though Sitanova was developing very faster and there was a great investment in military stuff, the Sitanovan army was still weak and the Austrians constantly threatened the Sitanovans with a invasion if they didn´t returned to the Empire. And so fearing for the sake of the kingdom,in 1818 the King Albert married his grandchild and with the German Princess Clotilde of Saxe Coburg and Gotha in a political alliance, so that the germans will give Sitanova a better military training and weapons. The now Royal Family last name passed from Brauer to Brauer-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
In 1820, the King Albert Died at the age of 80 in his winter royal Palace at Alexandria, in Northern Sitanova, in his place, his son Konrad Ist became the King of Sitanova. Konrad ruled with fair hand and brought many liberties to the people, like the first labor code or the firts Magna Carta of Sitanova, as well he drived a system of modernization of roads and avenues around the country and the creation of the first modern naval fleet and the first industrial sector of Sitanova, located 2 miles from St Peter and St Paul city, which contained factories, a housing blocks for the workers, one hospital, a school for the children of the workers and a Port from where some of the merchandise was being exported. The City was named Port Innsbrook.
Unfortunately on the year 1830, a a typhoid epidemic spread throughout the country and killed many, including King Konrad, who came down to the hospitals to take care of the people. Leaving with this many work spaces and so many British immigrants were hired. With the death of the King, many people went to the streets during his funeral and threw flowers to the coffin while it passed in procession through the streets, the conmotion was such, that the entire country paralized and followed the procession to the cementery. They said, that there has never been such big funeral in the country since then.
After the death of his father the young King Konrad II, took office with his wife Queen Clotilde. The new young King, managed with the National parliament to create a special decree to prevent the typhoid fever and to isolate in a human way all the sick people, so that the epidemic will not expand. By the year 1833, the typhoid fever had left the country and people returned to normal life. In the year 1840, the King had came more and more authoritarian than his predecessors and many people started to live in bad conditions, as well as felt that they weren´t represented at all at the Kingdom and so started to proclaim the creation of a Prime Minister. The King fearing to be overthrown accepted the request and even proclaimed that the Prime Minister will be elected by the people. on the year 1844, the first Prime Minsiter election took place. In this election only men over 25 years could vote and there could only be a two parties system, in which with 60% of the votes won the Conservative Candidate Sir. Robert Nelson over the Liberal Candidate Hans Scheinder. This would be one of the first steps toward democracy in Sitanova.
On the year 1850, King Konrad II died and the throne was heavily disputed as the king had only daughters and the law established that only men could hold the post and therefore none of the girls could be the monarch. However, the younger brother of the King, Prince Henry had a son and then the parliament decided that he would ascend to the throne. But after a popular protest, parliament amended the law and the eldest daughter of King, Princess Marie Therese became the first Queen holder of the Kingdom. The Reign of Marie Therese, was characterized as being in the most peaceful and prosperous era of the new Kingdom. Within the progress made during the time, it was the improvement of the living conditions of all citizens, with the aim of eradicating extreme human poverty. The Queen, created schools for all children of the kingdom and modern hospitals in central peripheries of the country. Likewise, she with the help of the then PM Harold Mertz ,increased the payment system and infused culture within schools. Maire Therese was only 20 when she ascended to the throne and she had proved to have the capacity of ruling. In the year 1900, the queen turned 50 years of being at the throne at the age of 70. She had until then, created a equal and modern society, where there were high living standards and progress in the industries. A year later of her reign birtday, the cars were introduced in Sitanova and people with the high monetary power started to buy them, up to the point that the 40% of the Population had cars during that time. As well, woman started to ask for more civil liberties, from which they asked for the right of voting. Queen moved by the request, pass a proposal to parliament in which the she asked for the right to vote of the women . However Parliament was composed of men and only approved that women up to 28 could vote and only if they were married. The queen outraged by what committed, dismissed some senators and put in place noblewomen, who would be the first women to hold public office. Then passed again the petition and pass with a majority in the Senate. Now the Queen lobbied the House of Commons, who accepted without hesitation twice and the vote for women was allowed. Unfortunately the Queen died on October 2nd 1913, in the Royal Palace, at the age of 83 and with 63 years of reign, being the King with most time on charge. In her sucession came her son King Franz 1st, who was at that year 60 years. He like his mother was softhearted and fully dedicated to the Sitanovan Society, and was even called Mark the merciful by the people.
Unfortunately, the same year that King took possession, Marxist and communist ideas came to the country through the writings of philosopher John Sadler, who years earlier had been a member of a House of Commons by the Liberal Party. But now, he was a fervent believer in the ideas of Marx and Lenin and even aspired to be like them. Sadler, said in his writings, that there was no real democracy in Sitanova since the Upper and more representative house of Parliament were members targeted by the monarch, and political parties directly responded to the monarch and even the regional authorities were put by the monarch. However, people loved the king and the then political system of the country. However, Sadler was gradually introducing Marxist ideas in people's minds and make them see that there was no real democracy in the country. Although there were few who managed to convince with their communist ideas, for the year 1918, Sadler won the support of communist countries and introduced by the north a revolution to overthrow the King.
1) King Albert Brauer 1st. Fisrt Monarch of Sitanova. 2) Queen Marie Therese. 3) Main Street at Port Spain. circa: 1860, a signal of progress at the country. 3) Women asking their right to vote as St Peter and Saint Paul City. 4) Women Senators voting for a law proposal .
SITANOVAN HISTORY PART VIII: THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC
With the birth of revolutionary conflict, sadler decided to call his revolutionary group red arms. The red arms were feared by the people as they tortured and killed all who opposed them. The then armed forces of his majesty, were very weak as the king had decided to give funding to other programs. The most modern weapons that were possessed were from 1903, the naval fleet had fallen into a kind of decay and the Royal Air Force had a modern fleet, but with few units. Red arms with the help of international communism on the other side had better arsenal, but with worse organization. Terrorism created by the red arms and clashes with the royal armed forces, led Sitanova to an armed conflict that would last 4 years. In 1922, in spite of the bad organization of the Red arms, managed to enter triumphantly to St Peter and St Paul city, there they dissolved the national parliament, assassinated the then Prime Minister and three members of his cabinet and forced the king to abdicate and live under house arrest in the royal palace with his family. Then, Robert Sadler was proclaimed as Prime Minister of Sitanova.
When Sadler seized power, he delcared the Soviet Socialist Republic of Sitanova.Within which the executive was the president, who was elected by the people and whose seat was in the Palace of Gonzaga in the former Prime Minister's office. The legislature was the Krampt (Sitanovan word for Assembly), which was unicameral and possessed 500 members, whose headquarters were in the museum of Parliament, they also were elected by the people. And the judiciary was composed of three judges, which were set by the president, and whose seat was in the former summer palace of the King in Port Insbrook . Although the popular vote was allowed, the elections were always fraudulent and in favour of the Communist Party of Sitanova (PCS), which was the only real Party, as the three others existing were puppet parties set by the PCS.
The first reforms made by the new regime, were the prohibition of religious practices, within which the churches became wineries and state offices. All companies were nationalized and private property was prohibited. Royal Palaces and other possessions of the nobility, with the exception of the Royal Palace, were confiscated and remained in decline. In the case of the Royal Palace, the supply of water and light it is short, and the government provided them with what they consider fair. The palaces and possessions of the upper and middle classes, were confiscated and turned into housing complexes, within which, the central government decided which citizen or family would live in which complex. Automobiles, were given by the government according to people in scoring lists. Dinar Sitanovan then was eliminated as a national currency and the ruble Sitanovan was installed. Produced goods were to be exported and imported only from countries of the international left. Finally, in schools, they only did what the government wanted people to know, the only books were of Communist authors and thinkers and theaters could only give certain plays. with this, people will live subjected to an authoritarian government for 23 years , where of course no press freedom was allowed or meetings of more than 10 people.
For 1940, the living conditions of people were terrible and had sometimes shortages of food, jobs and housing. Even at the Royal palace, the king and his family lived in a state of extreme poverty that led to eventual death of dear king Franz. The government then gave up permission for a catholic rite funeral in which the only ones permitted to attend were his wife and children. However the commotion of people was such that all went in procession with pictures of the late king and dressed in black. Moved by the situation the former heir former princess sophia gave a speech of encouragement to the people, in which she promised the independence Sitanova from the regime. Sadler, who was on a balcony of a nearby building, heard the speech and angry commanded to disperse the concentration, of which three hundred people were killed by the bullets of the generals. within the victims was the queen widow. After the incident, the government turned not to allow public appearance of the royal family and repress the people more. Within the repressions carried the people was the abolition of the Supreme Court (which actually was not transparent) and instead was exercised by the Politburo of the Communist Party. The National Police, it became the Red Guard, which was a clandestine death squad. Krampt members ceased to be elected by the people and placed directly by the President and the Politburo.
This measures made popular discontent and so in 1941, under the leadership of Sir George Lloyd, a former member of the defunct National Parliament and leader of the defunct Conservative Party with David Darwin, leader of the defunct Liberal Party, created the Democratic Movement which met secretly in houses and abandoned palaces. There, they planned boycotts to production systems and encouraged people to fight for independence. This came to the attention of the Red Guard and Sadler, who repressed the secret meetings of the movement and delcared a curfew from six in the noon until 6 am, to prevent reunions, although it didn´t served because people continued to organize. In 1943, the three sons of Princess sophia, escaped from the royal palace and joined the democratic movement. Princess and her brother along with members of their families, escaped and founded the government in exile and obtained funding and weapons to fight against the regime.
With enough fundings and weapons, On October 13rd 1945, after years of planned boycotts and peaceful demostrations that later on were repressed by the regime, the people went to the streets armed to fight against the Red Guard. In five days, the Democratic Movement had succeeded in weakening the regime, and on October 18, 1945, entered St Peter and St Paul city, where they took the Krampt in full legislative session, and all its members were taken hostage, then they took the prisons and freed political prisoners. Then took the headquarters of the Red Guard and dissolved, sending to prison to all its members and those of Krampt. The next day, Sadler had managed to block the passage to the center of the city, where the Palace of Gonzaga and the headquarters of the Politburo were located, but the people step over the barriers and took the seat of the politburo, where people ignored the government and dismantled the Soviet Socialist Republic of Sitanova and it´s system. Instead the Federation of the Democratic Republic of Sitanova was founded under a system of constitutional monarchy, in which the head of state is the monarch and the Head of Government Prime Minster, then re founded the former National Parliament, with the only difference that would now be unicameral and 498 members elected by the people and the monarch as President of this and a noble appointed by the King as speaker of the camera. Finally, the Federal Court of Justice was established. In the case of Sadler, after 3 days without water or electricity he surrendered and was taken to the firing squad.
1) Sitanovan SSR flag. 2) President Robert Sadler
SITANOVAN HISTORY PART IX: PRESENT DAY SITANOVA
With the establishment of the new Sitanova, came a short time of ungovernability, since there was no public office targeted official. So in that same year of 1945, at the XII Congress of the Democratic Movement (In communist times was the movement for independence), it is agreed to establish a governing board composed of the Chief Conservative leader Sir George Lloyd and Chief Liberal leader Sir David Darwin, as well as a representative of the nobility, who would be Prince Albert II. The Board took posession 2 months later, and called for general elections, likewise the creation of a bi-partisan system, between conservatives and liberals . In the general elections of 1945, the power of the camera was won by the Conservative Party and George Lloyd was appointed as Prime Minister.
In the case of the monarchy, National Parliament vote to restore the former royal family. And on December 31, 1945, Queen Sophia Ist took possession of his office.
Solved the problem of governance, came another problem. The economy was in tatters, there was a high inflation cup of the Sitanovan Ruble, high unemployment rate, high rate of illiteracy, high rate of mortality and housing problems, between others. To solve this, first the government allowed and attracted private investment to the country, created jobs, privatized many public companies, removed the ruble as its national currency and created the Sitanovan Dollar, created educational campaigns, arranged, built and improved public schools, sanitary laws were reformed, improved hospitals, achieved that the high external debt was forgiven, created the system of Regional Universities, the National Institute for housing was created and housing blocks were built for the homeless. For the year 1949, it was stated that the Prime Minister would be by 4 and not 5 years in power and could only be re elected or seek the re election once. By 1950, Sir George Lloyd returned to win the majority in Parliament and continued with its policy of Government. Sadly in that same year Queen Sophia and was replaced by her son King Albert II, who was a strong Conservative.
In 1954, the economy of Sitanova was better than ever. The investment was high and the quality of life had been stabilized. Clear example of this was the establishment of foreign companies, improvement and creation of a modern system of roads, and even the construction of skyscrapers as the financial center of Saint Peter and Saint Paul city of 65 plants or the Financial Center Adele of city , a complex of 10 buildings of 70 plants started in 1955 and completed in 1959. After this, Adele will become the Economic and Financial Capital of Sitanova.
In 1955, it is established a multiparty system and the Social Democratic Party is founded. For the 1956 elections, the Social Democrats under the leadership of Mark Brannon, displace the then Liberal government of Sir David Darwin (who would win the 1952 elections, but would leave the political life in 1958 and the party would not seek the post of PM ). From 1956 to 1964, Mark Brannon will rule. Within which government would create social reforms, such as allowing trade unions to create more openness and a few other micro enterprises privatized companies nationalized by the Conservatives. In 1966, the Social Democratic Elizargo Gonzaga, would win the post as Prime Minsiter. However bad desciciones taken by the government would lead the implecable Sitanova economy to collapse. In 1967, the rate of unemployment had increased and some companies decided to leave the country while others decided to wait to see if the situation improved.
Gonzaga in 1968 again won election with a low margin of 2% of their principal opponent. For that year it looked like the economy continued to decline and Sitanova entered into a economic crisis. People stopped having confidence in Gonzaga and thousands took to the streets to demand his ouster. To this was joined, the desire for independence from the Province of Brauer, since the Slavia (Sitanovan) race was being discriminated against by other social ethnicities and even forced them to move to this area live almost slaves. the Brauer Independence Army (BPA), a guerrilla group, which demanded the independence of Brauer was then founded. BPA, along with people who demanded the resignation of Gonzaga, took to the streets daily, burned buses pulled down Postets light, broke windows and then Sitanova was on the brink of civil war. However, Gonzaga remained in power until 1972, when it was replaced by a large majority by the Chrisitan Democrat Reinhold Kappernik.
Kaepernick came in accordance with BPA that were demobilized and became a regional party, but always asking for independence. In the case of the economy, it imposed provisional economic measures, which managed to stabilize the situation somewhat, but failed to get the country out of economic crisis. In 1975, King Albert II dies and ascends to the throne his daughter Queen Maria.
In 1977, Prime Minister Kappernik take a trend of nationalization of Ports and water, electricity and telephony services as a efficient economic measure . Then the government reduced the bill of Electricity, Water and Telephony. As well, created work sources, like theNational Entity of Cleaning and Beautification of Streets and Roads (NECBSR), which helped toimprove the quality of life of people after almost 10 years of instability.
In 1980, he was elected the Minister of Economy of Kappernik, the Sitanovan-Italian Alonzo Coppola, who continued with reforms Kappernik, however nationalized banks and other financial institutions that lowered the economic progress made earlier. Likewise, the share climbed public universities and school stopped delivering packages, as the government supposedly had no money. This generated anger and people took to the streets peacefully, however they were strongly repressed by the government and then also became street vandalism of 60's. In 1982 the economic situation the government came to such a degree that the days passed garbage in the streets, the cost of water, electricity and telephony Increased front and entities became ineffective. Likewise, I entered the Dollar Devaluation and there were many jobless. This generated more protests, insomuch that the government declare a state of siege in 1983 to 1984. Queen Maria, terrified by the state of ungovernability, through a temporary royal decree and rectified in a referendum, dismissed Alonzo Coppola from office for 250 days (which were missing for general elections) and decree that the new Prime Minister-elect took posession a month of being elected.
At the start of the election campaign of 1984, Christians democrtas did not present a candidate and the other parties did not present a candidate able or expert. However, an inscription of an unknown candidate for a forgotten party was present. That was the case of the Economist Otto Kofmann of the Conservative Party, who proposed something that no candidate had presented since 1964, and that was an economic plan. The final result of the election was one that no one expected at the beginning of the campaign, Kofman won with 75% of the vote and 300 of the 398 seats in Parliament.
The new government, began with the privatisazion of all companies nationalized by Kappernik and Coppola, then paid half of the external debt and got the forgiveness of the remaining debt, later attracted private investment to the country and speeded up the process of micro-medium and large companies within the country, reformed the educational ststem and reduced the share of public universities, sack the Dollar devaluation. To the end of his mandate in 1988, the economy great and quality of life was good. However, the leadership of Kofman could not be reflected in the candidate of the 1992 election, which maked them to lose power in the hands of the social democratic-liberal coalition under the leadership of a young judge named Miroslav Valera, who ruled the country until 1996. In 1997, Queen Maria Abdicated in Favor of his Son King Mark Ist
Until the middle of the 90's the economy and lifestyle remained the same as the conservative era. However Valera lost the election in 1996, before a young entrepreneur named Ivan Gabrilov of a new political party called the National Alliance of Sitanova (NAS), who promised to improve and revitalize the agricultural production system in the country. In 1999, Gabrilov started the construction of the most ambitious project in years, a new industrial sector called "Arkadia" with an airport for cargo planes and a Port. In 2000, he was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister in Charge Michael Cohens. The new government was like that of Gabrilov, with the only Difference that in 2003, net of corruption by Cochens, Gabrilov and Other effects public officials who benefited directly from the construction of the Industrial Sector Arkadia and other uncorked public works, as well as illicit enrichment was found. Then the Court, removed the NAS and ordered the separation from office of Cohens, however this left his post in 2004, with the entry of the newly elected Conservative, Karl Brehens.
Brehens completed the construction of the Industrial Sector Arkadia, and built three autobahn's connecting the North with the South, the East and West and one passing along the coast. Brehens deliver its mandate in 2012. Instead Sarah Poschenko was elected the first woman elected prime minister in history. Poschenko opened more to Sitanova to Europe by joining the European Union and coming to economic agreements with several European countries as its good neighbor Inquista.Poschenko was replaced in 2016 by the Conservative Michelle Johnson, after a Poschenko will relate to a case of corruption, which later was comporbado by a court as false. In the case of the monarchy, Queen Mary abdicated in favor of his son King Mark Ist.
3) SITANOVAN GOVERNMENT:
Head of State
The Sitanovan Monarch, currently King Franz Mark Brauer Saxe-Gotha and Coburg 1st, is the head of state and the sovereign. The monarch, is subject to a constitution and can be displaced by the same, throught a Popular referendum. He, serves as a ceremonial figurehead symbol of national unity and state continuity. Among the limited power he posses, are to grant pardons, dismiss a Prime Minister, dismiss a Legislature, Proclaim valid or invalid an electoral process, Declare a State of Emergency and Veto power over laws passed by the parliament with a simple majority. It´s noteworthy to mention, that this title can be inherited and that he acts as speaker of the Sitanovan Senate (Upper Legislative House).
1) HRH King Mark 1st 2) Royal Palace of Sitanova, which is the offical residence and office of the Monarch 3) Royal Standard of the King.
Head of the Government
The Head of Government is the Prime Minister. This has as its duty to seek the common good of the citizenry, execute the laws and propose at the same time. The Prime Minister has the power to veto laws that are passed by simple and qualified majority in Parliament, also can impose a siege of 150 days with a right to extension. However, the power of veto of this, can in some cases, be blocked by the monarch if deemed necessary, as well it can be removed from office by the National Parliament for 250 days with a right to extension, by the Monarch definitively, or through a popular referendum. The term of the Prime Minister last 4 years and this comes to power by being elected by qualified majority by the National Parliament (Of course, this means he has to be elected MP before).
1) Current PM, Michelle Johnson 2) PM offical Office, The Palace of Gonzaga 3) Government Official Logo
Sitanova the Legislative Branch is the National Parliament. Which is composed of two chambers: the Senate (Upper), House of Commons (Lower). The Senate is composed of 400 members, of which 354 are elected every four years by a general election and 46 are Nobles targeted by the monarch with an indefinite term and entitled to inherit. The House of Commons on the other hand, is composed of 440 members elected every four years. The duties, is to create laws that seek the common good of the citizens.
Likewise, in this body there are 40 legislative committees, which by the way can be composed of Senators or Members of the House of Commons, in which we read and debated whether a law submitted to Parliament by a citizen, government, institution, ect, must pass the full voting should be studied more I afond by the commission, should again be raised or kept in the general file.
HOUSE OF COMMONS-COMPOSITION:
- Right Bench:
- Conservative Party: 166+Alternate Speaker (Governing)-Bright Blue
- New National Party: 39 (Governing)-Light Blue
- Social Democrat Party: 74+Speaker (Neutral)-Orange
- Social Liberal Party: 100 (Governing)-Yellow
- Independence Party: 7 (Neutral)-Grey
- Liberal Party of Sitanova: 18 (Opposition)-Bright Red
- Communist Party: 4 (Opposition)-Dark Red
- Christian Democrat Party: 15 (Neutral)-Dark Blue
- Green Party: 5 (Neutral)-Green
- Patriotic Party: 10 (Opposition)-Purpule
- Conservative Party: 121 (Governing)-Bright Blue
- New National Party: 25 (Governing)-Light Blue
- Social Liberal Party: 92 (Governing)-Yellow
- Social Democrat Party: 61 (Neutral)-Orange
- Independence Party: 7 (Neutral)-Grey
- Green Party: 6 (Neutral)-Green
- Christian Democrat Party: 15 (Neutral)-Dark Blue
- Patriotic Party: 21 (Opposition)-Red
- Nobles: 45+Speaker (Neutral)-Black
1) The Victoria Palace, is home to the National Parliament 2) House of Commons on a Plenary Session 3) The Senate on a Plenary Session
The Judicial Branch is composed of several courts. There are Lowee Courts such as tax law, Human Rights, Transparency, among others, which respond to crimes of low value and who are related to some of these issues. Then there are also Provincial Courts, which are six in total and are composed of five judges each. The Provincial Courts, respond to crimes that violate the constitution of the province. There is also the Court of Appeals, which has jurisdiction to hear appeals filed against judgments of a lower court . And last but not least, is the Supreme Court of Justice, that is, composed of Seven judges, who under Article 174 of the Constitution, is the only competent court to hear the claims of unconstitutionality of laws, decrees and regulations, the processes of protection and habeas corpus, and disputes between the Legislative and Executive bodies referred to in Art. 138 and the reasons mentioned in the 7th attribution of Art a. 182 of the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Sitanova, 1984 (current Constitution).
1) Building of the Supreme Court of Sitanova 2) Seven Magistrates of the Supreme Court 3) Court of Tax Law 4) Provincial Court of Northern Sitanova
Regional Governments, are composed of three entities: Provincial Assemblies, Municipal Governments and Provincial Governments. The Role of Regional Assemblies, is to create laws and seek the common good of citizens within a province. The number of members of this varies by province and are all elected by a regional election every three years. Provincial Governments, are composed of a Provincial President and his Cabinet. He is the highest provincial authority and who makes the laws of the province run. Likewise, he as The Provincial Assemblies are elected every three years through a regional election. In the case of Municipal Governments, these are composed of a Mayor and several councilors who have the duty to seek the interests of a municipality and the common good of it´s citizens . In itself, the number of councilors depends on the number of districts held by the municipality, this because here must be a popularly elected councilman per District in a Municipal Council according to law. This Municipal Council is also elected very three years, in the regional elections.
SITANOVAN POLITICAL PARTIES:
According to the Constitution of Sitanova, it exists in a multiparty system where a large number of political parties have the opportunity to opt for the executive and the legislature is divided among a large number of caucuses or fractions.The current Political Parties in the country are:
Right Wing Political Parties: 1) Conservative Party, 2) New Nationalist Party, 3) Independence Party
Centre-Right Wing Political Parties: 1) Social Liberal Party
Centre-Wing, Christian Democracy, Social Democracy and Ecologist Political Parties: 1) Chrisitan Democrat Party, 2) Green Party, 3) Social Democratic Party
Centre-Left Wing Political Parties: 1) Liberal Party of Sitanova, 2) Patriotic Party
Left Wing Political Parties: Communist Party
4) List of sitanovan rulers since 1110
King of the Imperial State of Sitanova
House of Arandelovan
- John I 1110-1150
- Charles I 1150-1180
- Charles II 1180-1210
- John II 1210-1225
- James I 1225-1265
- James II 1265-1315
- George I 1315-1335
- James III 1335-1346
- Harold I 1346-1345
- John III 1345-1370
- John IV 1370-1405
- John VI 1405-1432
- John VII 1432-1480
- Stanislaw I 1480-1530
- Henry I 1530-1540
- Henry II 1540-1580
- Harold II 1580-1605
- Margaret I 1605-1607
Grand Duke of Sitanova and Saint Peter and Saint Paul
House of Jakov
- Ivan I 1607-1637
- Harold I 1637-1665
- Caroline I 1665-1688
- Maximilian 1688-1720
- Ivan II 1720-1745
- Elizabeth I 1745-1768
- Ivan III 1768-1800
- Harold II 1800-1816
House of Brauer
- Albert I 1816
King of Sitanova
House of Brauer Gotha-Saxe and Coburg
- Albert I 1816-1820
- Konrad I 1820-1830
- Konrad II 1830-1850
- Marie Therese I 1850-1913
- Franz I 1913-1922
King of Sitanova (Restored)
- Sophia I 1945-1950
- Albert II 1950-1975
- Maria I 1975-1997
- Mark I 1997-present
Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sitanova
- Robert Nelson 1844-1849-1854 (Conservative)
- Patrick Newman 1854-1859 (Conservative)
- Henry Raubush 1859-1864-1869 (Liberal)
- Albert Muller 1869-1874-1879 (Liberal)
- Harold Mertz 1879-1884-1889 (Conservative)
- Mark Fitzpatrick 1889-1894-1899 (Conservative)
- Franz Schoenenberg 1899-1904 (Conservative)
- Sigmund Rogers 1904-1909-1914 (Liberal)
- Harold Humels 1914-1919-1922 (Conservative)
President of the Sitanovan SSR:
- Robert Sadler 1922-1926,1930-1934-1938,1942-1945 (Communist Party)
- Mark Robinson 1926-1930 (Sitanovan People´s Party)
- Andrzej Valera 1938-1942 (Communist Party)
Prime Minister of Sitanova (Restored)
- Democratic Government Junta 1945
- George Lloyd 1945-1948, 1948-1952 (Conservative)
- David Darwin 1952-1956 (Liberal)
- Mark Brannon 1956-1960, 1960-1964 (Social Democrat)
- Elizardo Gonzaga 1964-1968 (Social Democrat)
- Reinhold Kappernik 1972-1976, 1976-1980 (Christian Democrat)
- Alonzo Coppola 1980-1984 (Chrisitian Democrat)
- Otto Kofman 1984-1988, 1988-1992 (Conservative)
- Miroslav Valera 1992-1994 (Social Democrat-Liberal)
- Ivan Gabrilov 1996-2000 (National Alliance)
- Michael Cohens 2000-2004 (National Alliance)
- Karl Brehens 2004-2008, 2008-2012 (Conservative)
- Sarah Poschenko 2012-2016 (Christian Democrat)
- Michelle Johnson 2016-2020 (Conservative)
5) MAJOR CITIES OF SITANOVA
The cities are ordered from largest to smallest in population numbers
City of Adele 10.990.823 Saint Peter and Saint Paul City 8.000.567 City of Augusta 5.000.892 Saint Therese City 3.654.029 Port Spain City 2.850.018 City of Alexandria 2.704.990 City of Livingston 1.990.654 Port Innsbrok 1.567.256 City of New Poland 319.185 City of Königsstadt 319.129 CITY NAME POPULATION