Commission Reform (Constitutional Amendment)


  • Mod

    I hereby propose the following amendments to Article II, Section II and III, and Article III of our Constitution (which can be found here).


    Commission Reform (Constitutional Amendments)

    Written by: Councillor Gisela Stuart, Councillor Josephine-Charlotte de Riviere and Premier Commissioner Anja Emerett

    Presented by: Premier Commissioner Anja Emerett


    ARTICLE II THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL

    Section II – Powers of the European Council

    VI. The European Council may hold a vote to impeach the Council Speaker, European Commission, European Court of Justice, or any member thereof on the on the basis of unbecoming conduct or gross negligence in the execution of the office. Such a proposal must garner a super-majority of those present to pass. If a vote of impeachment passes against the Council Speaker, the Commission, or the Court, then that entity must face a by-election or re-appointment as outlined by its relevant election procedures.

    VII. The European Council must ratify the appointment of a new European Commissioner by the Premier Commissioner, either at the start of their term or to complete the term of a Commissioner that has vacated their Office. A ratification must garner a simple majority of those present to pass.

    VIII. The European Council may reject the removal from office of a European Commissioner by the Premier Commissioner. A rejection must be proposed by the Speaker of the European Council within 48 hours of such a removal, and must garner a supermajority of those present to pass.


    Section III Voting in the European Council

    I. A Bill, Amendment, Repeal, Statement, Impeachment, Confirmation, Ratification, or Rejection is proposed by a Councillor or a Commissioner. A Commissioner may only propose legislation within their brief, except for the Premier Commissioner, who may propose legislation on any topic.

    II. Councillors and the proposing Commissioner then debate the proposal for 48 hours; except for Ratifications, where debate shall last for 96 hours, and where the nominated candidate may also participate in debate.

    During this period, unless the proposal is a Repeal, Impeachment,

    Ratification, or Rejection,

    amendments may be proposed by any Councillor. Amendments proposed

    during this period shall be voted upon once the debating period has

    concluded, and it shall last for 48 hours to determine if the amendments

    shall be made. Amendments require a simple majority to pass.


    ARTICLE III – THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION

    Section I – Definition of the European Commission

    I. The European Commission is the executive authority of the European Union.

    II. The European Commission comprises of the Offices of the Premier Commissioner, Internal Affairs, and Foreign Affairs.

    III. The European Commission is responsible for the implementation and enforcement of European Council and European Court of Justice decisions.


    Section II – Composition

    I. The European Commission is composed of three Commissioners, the Premier Commissioner, the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs, and the Commissioner for Internal Affairs.

    II. Commissioners do not represent nor are they related to any government of the European Union.

    III. The term for all Commissioners shall last four months. No country may have a citizen or national of itself elected for more than two consecutive terms.

    IV. Each Commissioner must come from a separate country.

    V. The Office of the Premier Commissioner, which also holds all authority and mandates previously accredited through legislation to the defunct Office of Economics, is headed by the Premier Commissioner.

    VI. The Office of Internal Affairs, which also holds all authority and mandates accredited through legislation to the defunct Office of Defence and Peacekeeping, is headed by the European Commissioner for Internal Affairs .

    VII. The Office of Foreign Affairs is headed by the European Commissioner for Foreign Affairs.


    Section III – Election Procedures

    I. Any nation may put forward as many candidates as it wishes for the Office of Premier Commissioner, but only the most successful candidate from each nation is eligible for election.

    II. Candidates for Premier Commissioner must also announce who shall run as their Internal Affairs and Foreign Affairs Commissioners when putting forward their candidacy. Should a Premier Commissioner candidate successfully be elected to Office, these candidates will automatically be nominated to their position before the Council.

    III. The Premier Commission nomination period shall last seven days, to be followed by a seven day period in which debates shall be held, to be followed in turn by seven days of voting.

    IV. Voters rank in order of preference as many candidates as they wish.

    V. The Premier Commissioner shall be elected using the Alternative Vote system. Ties shall be broken by determining the proportion of each candidate’s votes that are first preferences, with the candidate with the highest proportion winning the tie. If that is tied, the process shall be repeated for the next-highest preference. If the candidates are tied for all preferences, then the tie shall be broken by a coin toss.

    VI. The new Premier Commissioner shall be sworn in and replace the outgoing Premier Commissioner the next day. The new Premier Commissioner shall then propose their nominated candidates for the Offices of Internal and Foreign Affair by the European Council for confirmation.

    VII. Should the confirmation vote for a candidate fail, the Premier Commissioner shall nominate an alternative candidate, and propose them for confirmation by the Council. This process shall continue until all Offices are filled.


    Section IV – Impeachments and Vacancies

    I. The Premier Commissioner may remove any individual Commissioner from their Office, subject to a vote of approval by the European Council.

    II. Should the Office of Premier Commissioner become vacant, a by-election for a Premier Commissioner to complete that term shall be held. Any other Commissioners in office shall remain in office, and candidates for Premier Commissioner shall not announce any candidates for the offices already filled. The by-election shall otherwise follow the normal procedure for the election of a Premier Commissioner.

    III. In the period between the Office of Premier Commissioner becoming vacant and a new Premier Commissioner being elected, the Commissioner for Internal Affairs shall by default assume the role of Premier Commissioner on an acting basis. If the Office for Internal Affairs is also vacant, then the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs shall assume the role of Premier Commissioner on an acting basis. However, a Premier Commissioner may choose to overturn this procedure and name the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs as the first in line for succession, and the Commissioner for Internal Affairs as second in line for succession, if they so choose, by formally announcing such to the European Council before their vacancy,

    IV. Should either the Office of Internal Affairs or the Office of Foreign Affairs become vacant, the Premier Commissioner shall nominate a candidate to complete that term, subject to confirmation by the European Council.

    V. Serving on the Commission after being elected or appointed to complete a term shall not count as a full term in office.


    Section V – Office of the Premier Commissioner

    I. The Office of the Premier Commissioner is first among the Offices of the European Commission, and the Premier Commissioner shall preside over all meetings of the European Commission.

    II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner is responsible for setting an agenda for each Commission, for co-operation between the Offices of the European Commission and between the European Commission and the European Council, and for signing off on passed European Council legislation and European Commission decisions. The Premier Commissioner has no right to withhold his signature or exercise any kind of veto over Council legislation.

    III. The Office of the Premier is responsible for managing the finances of the institutions of the European Union, including by proposing to the Council a Budget for each financial year. In the event of the Council rejecting a proposed budget, the Office of the Premier is required to present alternative budgets until one is passed by the Council.

    IV. The Office of the Premier is responsible for the promotion of economic co-operation among the member states, and for monitoring the strength of the economy of the member states and of the European Union as a whole.


    Section VI – Office of Internal Affairs

    I. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for relations between the European Commission and the member states.

    II. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for the promotion of political freedoms and civil rights among the member states of the European Union.

    III. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for mediating conflict and the ensuring co-operation between member states an for the benefit of the European Union as a whole.

    IV. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for co-ordinating regional relief efforts for parts of the region blighted by conflict or natural disaster.

    V. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for encouraging efficiency and good governance among the institutions of the European Union.

    VI. The Office of Internal Affairs is is responsible for maintaining the defence and security of Europolis, and for organising co-operation between national security services active within Europolis and the Europolis security services


    Section VII – Office of Foreign Affairs

    I. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for relations between the European Union and other regions, including through the maintenance of alliances and embassies.

    II. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for encouraging nations outside the region to accede to the European Union.

    III. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for strengthening and promoting the European Union's influence among other regions.

    DEBATE BEGINS NOW. YOU HAVE UNTIL 04:34 GST ON AUGUST 30TH TO DEBATE AND PROPOSE AMENDMENTS.

    THEN YOU HAVE UNTIL 4:34 GST ON SEPTEMBER 1ST TO VOTE ON AMENDMENTS.

    FINAL VOTING THEN BEGINS AND LASTS UNTIL 4:34 GST ON SEPTEMBER 4TH TO VOTE FOR THE FINAL PROPOSAL.

    (((OOC: Edit by the Speaker to adjust voting and debating times, on 4:44 AM, August 27th)


  • Mod

    Can one explain what is different between the current constitutional standing and what has been changed here? Is it more or less grammar or is it actual function?

    Iain Duncan Smith

    Councillor of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland


  • Mod

    I would like to propose a housekeeping amendment, which corrects grammar, logic, and consistency errors in the document. Changes are marked in bold+italic. Deletions are marked in bold+italic+strikeout. While some clauses have been reworked, these are not material changes to their legal intent.


    Amendment #0 Housekeeping:

    ARTICLE II THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL

    Section II – Powers of the European Council

    VI. The European Council may hold a vote to impeach the Council Speaker, European Commission, European Court of Justice, or any member thereof on the on the basis of unbecoming conduct or gross negligence in the execution of the office. Such a proposal must garner a super-majority of those present to pass. If a vote of impeachment passes against the Council Speaker, the Commission, or the Court, then that entity must face a by-election or re-appointment as outlined by its relevant election procedures.

    VII. The European Council must ratify the appointment of a new European Commissioner by the Premier Commissioner, either at the start of their term or to complete the term of a Commissioner that has vacated their Office. A ratification must garner a simple majority of those present to pass.

    VIII. The European Council may reject the dismissal of removal from office of a European Commissioner by the Premier Commissioner. A rejection must be proposed by the Speaker of the European Council within 48 hours of such a removal, and must garner a super-majority of those present to pass.


    Section III Voting in the European Council

    I. A Bill, Amendment, Repeal, Statement, Impeachment, Confirmation, Ratification, or Rejection is proposed by a Councillor or a Commissioner. A Commissioner may only propose legislation within their brief, except for the Premier Commissioner, who may propose legislation on any topic.

    II. Councillors and the proposing Commissioner then debate the proposal for 48 hours, except for Ratifications, where debate shall last for 96 hours, and where the nominated candidate may also participate in debate.

    III. During this the debate period, unless the proposal is a Repeal, Impeachment, Ratification, or Rejection,amendments may be proposed by any Councillor. Amendments proposed during this period shall be voted upon once the debating period has concluded, and it shall last for 48 hours to determine if the amendments shall be made. Amendments require a simple majority to pass.

    ^ Note that the addition of a clause would require the voting clauses in Section III to be bumped up to IV and V.

    ARTICLE III – THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION

    Section I – Definition of the European Commission

    I. The European Commission is the executive authority of the European Union.

    II. The European Commission comprises of the Offices of the Premier Commissioner, Internal Affairs, and Foreign Affairs.

    III. II. The European Commission is responsible for the implementation and enforcement of European Council and European Court of Justice decisions.

    Section II – Composition

    I. The European Commission is composed of three Commissioners, the Premier Commissioner, the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs, and the Commissioner for Internal Affairs.
    I. The European Commission consists of the Offices of the Premier Commissioner, Internal Affairs, and Foreign Affairs.

    V. II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner, which also holds all authority and mandates previously accredited through legislation to the defunct Office of Economics, is headed by the Premier Commissioner.

    VI. III. The Office of Internal Affairs, which also holds all authority and mandates accredited through legislation to the defunct Office of Defence and Peacekeeping, is headed by the European Commissioner for Internal Affairs.

    VII. IV. The Office of Foreign Affairs is headed by the European Commissioner for Foreign Affairs.

    II. V. Commissioners do not represent nor are they related to any government of any member state of the European Union.

    III. VI. The term for all Commissioners shall last four months. No country member state may have a citizen or national of itself elected for more than two consecutive terms.

    IV. VII. Each Commissioner must come from a separate country member state.


    Section III – Election Procedures

    I. Any nation may put forward as many candidates as it wishes for the Office of Premier Commissioner, but only the most successful candidate from each nation is eligible for election.

    II. Candidates for Premier Commissioner must also announce who shall run as their Internal Affairs and Foreign Affairs Commissioners when putting forward their candidacy. Should a Premier Commissioner candidate successfully be elected to Office, these candidates will automatically be nominated to their position before the Council.

    III. The Premier Commission nomination period shall last seven days, to be followed by a seven day debate period in which debates shall be held, then a seven day voting period. in turn by seven days of voting.

    IV. Voters rank in order of preference as many candidates as they wish.

    V. The Premier Commissioner shall be elected using the Alternative Vote system. Ties shall be broken by determining the proportion of each candidate’s votes that are first preferences, with the candidate with the highest proportion winning the tie. If that is tied, the process shall be repeated for the next-highest preference. If the candidates are tied for all preferences, then the tie shall be broken by a coin toss.

    VI. The new Premier Commissioner shall be sworn in and replace the outgoing Premier Commissioner the next day. The new Premier Commissioner shall then propose their nominated candidates for the Offices of Internal and Foreign Affair by the European Council for confirmation.

    VII. Should the confirmation vote for a candidate fail, the Premier Commissioner shall nominate an alternative candidate, and propose them for confirmation by the Council. This process shall continue until all Offices are filled.

    Section IV – Impeachments and Vacancies

    I. The Premier Commissioner may remove any individual Commissioner from their Office, subject to a vote of approval by the European Council.

    II. Should the Office of Premier Commissioner become vacant, a by-election for a Premier Commissioner to complete that term shall be held. Any other Commissioners in office shall remain in office, and candidates for Premier Commissioner shall not announce any candidates for the offices already filled. The by-election shall otherwise follow the normal procedure for the election of a Premier Commissioner.

    III. In the period between the Office of Premier Commissioner becoming vacant and a new Premier Commissioner being elected, the Commissioner for Internal Affairs shall by default assume the role of Premier Commissioner on an acting basis. If the Office for Internal Affairs is also vacant, then the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs shall assume the role of Premier Commissioner on an acting basis. However, a Premier Commissioner may choose to overturn this procedure and name the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs as the first in line for succession, and the Commissioner for Internal Affairs as second in line for succession, if they so choose, by formally announcing such to the European Council before their vacancy.

    IV. Should either the Office of Internal Affairs or the Office of Foreign Affairs become vacant, the Premier Commissioner shall nominate a candidate to complete that term, subject to confirmation by the European Council.

    V. Serving on the Commission after being elected or appointed to complete a term shall not count as a full term in office.

    Section V – Office of the Premier Commissioner

    I. The Office of the Premier Commissioner is first among the Offices of the European Commission, and the Premier Commissioner shall preside over all meetings of the European Commission.

    II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner is responsible for setting an agenda for each Commission, for co-operation between the Offices of the European Commission and between the European Commission and the European Council, and for signing off on passed European Council legislation and European Commission decisions. The Premier Commissioner has no right to withhold his or her signature or exercise any kind of veto over Council legislation.

    III. The Office of the Premier is responsible for managing the finances of the institutions of the European Union, including the proposal of a budget to the Council by proposing to the Council a Budget for each financial fiscal year. In the event of the Council rejecting a proposed budget, the Office of the Premier is required to present alternative budgets until one is passed by the Council.

    IV. The Office of the Premier is responsible for the promotion of economic co-operation among the member states, and for monitoring the strength of the economy of the member states and of the European Union as a whole.

    Section VI – Office of Internal Affairs

    I. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for managing relations between the European Commission and the member states.

    II. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for the promotion of political freedoms and civil rights among the member states. of the European Union.

    III. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for mediating conflict between member states. and the ensuring co-operation between member states an for the benefit of the European Union as a whole.

    IV. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for coordinating regional conflict and disaster relief efforts. for parts of the region blighted by conflict or natural disaster.

    V. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for encouraging efficiency and good governance among the institutions of the European Union.

    VI. The Office of Internal Affairs is is responsible for maintaining the defence and security of Europolis, and for organising co-operation between national security services active within Europolis and the Europolis security services.

    Section VII – Office of Foreign Affairs

    I. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for managing relations between the European Union and other external regions., including through the maintenance of alliances and embassies.

    II. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for encouraging nations outside the region to accede to the European Union.

    III. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for strengthening and promoting the European Union's influence abroad. among other regions.

    ==================================================

    Additionally, I have a couple amendments that do propose material changes:

    Amendment #1:

    ARTICLE II THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL

    Section II – Powers of the European Council


    VIII. The European Council may reject the dismissal of removal from office of a European Commissioner by the Premier Commissioner. A rejection must be proposed by the Speaker of the European Council within 48 hours of such a removal, and must garner a super-majority of those present to pass.

    ^ The material change is deletion of the requirement that the Speaker propose the rejection. If the Speaker is absent from the Council, no one would have the ability to propose rejections. I was Speaker for 3 years and was not very active on the floor in my last year. Halsberg's Speaker was absent more than present. The Council should not rely on the Speaker to execute its core powers.

    ==================================================

    Amendment #2:

    ARTICLE II THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL

    Section II – Powers of the European Council


    VI. The European Council may hold a vote to impeach the Council Speaker, European Commission, European Court of Justice, or any member thereof. on the basis of unbecoming conduct or gross negligence in the execution of the office.

    ^ The Duxburian Union strongly feels that councillors must retain the right to propose impeachment for any reason. Frivolous proposals will naturally fail to secure a super-majority and are not a concern. Furthermore, the Speaker or the Council as a body can reprimand a councillor issuing frivolous proposals. What exactly is "unbecoming conduct"? What is the threshold for "gross negligence" in this situation? Gross negligence is a specific legal term with quite strict standards, it is plausible that a Commissioner could act in a negligent way that invites impeachment, but fail to meet the threshold for gross negligence in a court of law. Legal interpretation is not what should defeat a proposal to impeach, democratic vote is.

    Acwellan Devoy
    Councillor of the Duxburian Union




















  • First I would like to thank the European Councilliors Sturart, Riviere and Prime Comissioner Emerett, for the good work done in this bill. Second, I totally agree with Councillor Devoy, that the European Council should not depend entirely on the Speaker. From the short time that you and my predecessor Ms. Coppola, I noticed the little presence of the speaker in most of our Seciones.

    Sitanova proposes that besides choosing a Speaker a Alternate Speaker is also to be chosen, and so there would be a speaker simpre present. Likewise, ten we propose that there is a maximum number of 10 sessions to which he may be missing and otherwise will be removed from office.

    Marie Therese Charliaix

    EUC of Sitanova



  • Dear Colleagues,


    Rosebourg can support most of the amendments proposed by Councillor Devoy. We would only request further discussions about two aspects:

    Section II Clause I:

    We would caution removing Section II Clause I as its complete removal means the Constitution does not refer to and therefore grant any powers to the Commissioners. The Commission is its Commissioners, and the Offices exist to support the Commissioners in executing the authority provided for by the Constitution. We could, for example further amend to achieve the following?

    I. The European Commission comprises the Premier Commissioner, the Commissioner for Internal Affairs, and the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs who are supported by Offices outlined in Sections V, VI, and VII.

    Limiting impeachments:

    We continue to view that it is important that an impeachment procedure be carefully phrased and limited. It is an important political act that must not be activated on the whims even of a super majority. The original phrasing we had suggested allowed for an impeachment due to a failure to perform the duties incumbent on the office [which in our view would cover inactivity], or by actions unbecoming of the office [these would be actions that go against the text and the spirit of the Constitution]. The Council should not be able to just summarily dismiss the Commission, it seriously weakens their role especially as they will sometimes have to execute politically unpopular tasks.

    Rosebourg amendments to the Offices' role and responsibilities:

    In the process of coming up with a text, we were unable to resolve the following proposal which would modify Sections V through VII. I suggest each section is characterised as its own amendment to separate them out a little.

    We propose a slight restructured order of the clauses and suggested Clause I of each section to be an overarching mission statement for each office. The Office of the Premier Commissioner sets the political and working priorities of the Commission for their mandate, the Office of Internal Affairs implements European Union decisions and policies, and the Office of Foreign Affairs champions the region's foreign policies in close consultation with Council.

    You'll note I'm trying explicitly to move away from "is responsible for" that is quite repetitive to see one after the other:

    Section V – Office of the Premier Commissioner

    I. The Office of the Premier Commissioner sets the political and working priorities of the Commission for their mandate.

    II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner chairs all meetings of the European Commission.

    III. The Office of the Premier Commissioner holds the financial responsibility for the institutions of the European Union, and is required to propose a Budget of the European Union for Council to consider each financial year. The Premier Commissioner must propose as many budgets as is required to secure the approval of the Council.

    IV. The Office of the Premier Commissioner coordinates the actions of the Offices of the European Commission, and the activities of the European Institutions.

    V. The Premier Commissioner signs into force passed European Council legislation and European Commission decisions. The Premier Commissioner has no right to withhold his signature or exercise any kind of veto over Council legislation.

    VI. The Office of the Premier champions economic co-operation among the member states, and monitors the strength of the economy of the member states and of the European Union as a whole.


    Section VI – Office of Internal Affairs

    I. The Office of Internal Affairs implements European Union decisions and policies for the benefit of its Member States and their citizens.

    II. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for encouraging efficiency and good governance among the institutions of the European Union.

    III. The Office of Internal Affairs coordinates relations between the European Commission and individual Member States governments.

    IV. The Office of Internal Affairs safeguards the political freedoms and civil rights in all of the Member States of the European Union.

    V. The Office of Internal Affairs fosters co-operation between Member States and mediates conflict arising between them.

    VI. The Office of Internal Affairs coordinates regional relief efforts for parts of the region blighted by conflict or natural disaster.

    VI. The Office of Internal Affairs maintains the defence and security of Europolis, and organises co-operation between the Europolis security services and national security services active within Europolis.


    Section VII – Office of Foreign Affairs

    I. The Office of Foreign Affairs champions the foreign policies of the European Union, in consultation with the Council.

    II. The Office of Foreign Affairs maintains relations between the European Union and other regions, including through the maintenance of alliances and embassies.

    III. The Office of Foreign Affairs encourages nations outside the region to accede to the European Union.

    IV. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for strengthening and promoting the European Union's influence among other regions.





  • @The-United-Kingdom said:

    Can one explain what is different between the current constitutional standing and what has been changed here? Is it more or less grammar or is it actual function?
    Iain Duncan Smith

    Councillor of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

    Without pre-empting my fellow co-drafters, I do believe we've made significant efforts to strengthen and clarify the role of the Commission, as well as generally improve the Constitutional text. We've also looked at clarifying the electoral process for the Premier Commissioner and the confirmation process for the other Commissioners. Additionally the proposal is removing a series of Commission offices that have historically, as we understand it, not fulfilled their role.


  • Mod

    The housekeeping amendment does not remove assignment of authority to the Commissioners. The proposed changes result in the same thing being said, but in a better and more logically organized way. If the original Clause I is left in, it is just redundant, as is your proposed clarification to that clause. The Offices have been assigned in II, III, and IV. There is no need to assign them in the first clause when they are being assigned in the others. The first clause in a section does not carry any special weight.

    ARTICLE III – THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION

    Section II – Composition

    I. The European Commission is composed of three Commissioners, the Premier Commissioner, the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs, and the Commissioner for Internal Affairs.
    I. The European Commission consists of the Offices of the Premier Commissioner, Internal Affairs, and Foreign Affairs.

    V. II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner, which also holds all authority and mandates previously accredited through legislation to the defunct Office of Economics, is headed by the Premier Commissioner.

    VI. III. The Office of Internal Affairs, which also holds all authority and mandates accredited through legislation to the defunct Office of Defence and Peacekeeping, is headed by the European Commissioner for Internal Affairs.

    VII. IV. The Office of Foreign Affairs is headed by the European Commissioner for Foreign Affairs.

    ======================================

    As for impeachment, the Commission is beholden to the collective will of European member states. It should not be engaging in something that is politically unpopular, to the point where 75% of councillors would vote to impeach it. Garnering a super-majority is very difficult, if one forms against the Commission, that is very serious, no Commission could possibly stand if there is even a hint of such consensus coming together. Being able to summarily dismiss the Commission, or any other body, is a very important check on abuses of power that might not be covered if we enumerate exactly what they can be impeached for. The Commission is not this shining white knight coming in to better all our lives. It's a body composed of real people and their biases. It can be and has been outright nasty to member states, it can show favoritism for and against member states. It can be utilized as a weapon against us and our civilization. Duxburian majority opinion has been against this institution even existing for a decade, even back when it was the upper house of the Council. When has the Commission ever really served us? I don't mean from a political aspect, I mean from one of genuine respect and fair treatment. When has a Commission actually liked us? Past Commissions have detested us! Past Commissions have wanted us out of the Union! The Commission has always been a body that champions other member states, never us. We're just regarded as a thorn in their side, if only we didn't exist, they could build their perfect paradise! Ten years this has gone on for! Ten years of antagonistic relations! The electorate is primed to go off like a fuse. Your average Duxburian has completely given up on the European Commission. Premier Emerett might be the first Commissioner to have given a f*ck what we think in years.

    Sorry, Councillor Josephine-Charlotte de Riviere, this tirade is not meant to be aimed at you, please excuse the obscenity. I have recently given up cannabis, so my cranky old self is coming back out. I represent a very frustrated, misunderstood, and angry electorate that has reached the point where it just wants to burn the house down and start over, when it comes to the Commission. Hate for the Commission permeates every age demographic, but people don't know what to do. We are lost, a ship without a compass, heading into the storm of a general election by the end of the year. The only sure thing is retaining our right of impeachment, un-watered down. It's all we have to defend ourselves with.

    =======================================

    Councillor Charliaix, an alternate Speaker does not solve the problem. They can be absent, too, which would brick the Council all the same. [OOC: We're real people with lives. Absences for work, school, and general adulting happen all the time. It's impossible to guarantee that specific people will be available when needed, I am a horrible example of this.]

    =======================================

    Back to Councillor Josephine-Charlotte de Riviere's amendment, we do like avoiding repetition of the "responsible for" phrase, so we'll support those changes. We prefer our wording of Section V, Clause III, though. It just flows better and is less repetitive. The full name of a body like the European Council does not need to be stated all the time, and word selections should keep consistency. If you use a term in one place, you should use it throughout. For example, member state is referenced throughout the Constitution rather than country, or nation. The Constitution also needs to function as a legal document, so it should avoid any flowery language - just state the bare minimum in a concise manner. We're also a bit wary of defining the responsibilities of the Commissioners too much. Some definition is good, too much forces them into doing only what it says they can do. If you give them a power like managing relations, that's all that needs to be said, it's vague enough for them to have leeway in how they manage relations.

    Acwellan Devoy
    Cranky Councillor of the Duxburian Union









  • Estimeed Councillor Devoy, after a deeper study of what I mentoned , I think I have maked a mistake when I suggested that there is need of a Speaker. Of course a speaker is needed in the sessions, if not who would be the balance between a viewpoint and another in a debate, or who would maintain order in the Chamber. I must admit that the acutal speaker of the Chamber has been much more active than his predecessor, who did not see so active, and so present. But what I meant, is that this is a very important charge and the pressence of the person is needed, if he can be present for specific reasons , then someone has to do the work of speaker, and so there is the neeed of an alternate. You are right, maybe a specific Alternate can´t be functional, but then if the Speaker can be present, he could propose or ask someone of trust between the ones that are going to attend the sesion to do the job of alternate sepaker. [OOC: I know that there are certian Obligations in our daily lives, I also have them, but if you are going to occupy such an important position you should be present at the sessions you can]

    Marie Therese Charlaix

    European Councillor of Sitanova


  • Mod

    I find myself in agreement with Councillor Devoy's housekeeping amendments. His proposed changes would be useful in removing the repetition found in the legislation, and would thereby help better rid current redundancies found in our Constitution. I don't believe Councillor Devoy's amendments are damaging to the Commission's authority - all of the Offices are still outlined, and their powers and responsibilities are also named.

    I do also really like Councillor de Riviere's proposed changes to the Offices.

    Councillor Charlaix does also raise a really good point. It would be useful if the Council could name a stand-in Speaker should there be a lapse in a Speaker's presence, and I would be interested in hearing such a proposal before the Council. But with that said, such a proposal ought to be drafted and presented as a different amendment in a different discussion, not here. Let's keep this to the Commission. Again, I would like to see such a proposal, but just as a separate idea.


    Edward Firoux,

    Councillor of Inquista


  • Mod

    I hereby vote FOR Councillor Devoy's amendments for Article II, and Article III Section I, II, III and IV. I ABSTAIN against the rest of his amendments.

    I hereby vote FOR Councillor de Riviere's amendments for Article III Section V, VI and VII.


    Edward Firoux,

    Councillor of Inquista



  • We fully can sympathise with the perspective of Councillor Devoy and the Duxburian Union. We're convinced that should the Commission act in such a way, it would in any case be in negligence of its duties as one of their duties is to foster economic cooperation and the wellbeing of all European citizens including, of course, those of the Duxburian Union. I think the Union would be in a position, by providing evidence, to demonstrate that such negligence has taken place and that an impeachment procedure is therefore justified.

    Rosebourg finds itself in full agreement with Councilor Devoy's Section V, Clause III amendments. We would be most happy for a compromise amendment to integrate the remainder of our suggested edits and replace Section V, Clause III with Councillor Devoy's version.

    We are not opposed to the amendments relating to Offices and the Commissioners per say, but we do think there needs to be an explicit link in the text that makes it clear the Offices report to and answer to Commissioners and don't have independent authority without the Comissioners' say so.

    Incorporating the Duxburian Union's amendment. These sections would read as follows:

    Section V – Office of the Premier Commissioner

    I. The Office of the Premier Commissioner sets the political and working priorities of the Commission for their mandate.

    II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner chairs all meetings of the European Commission.

    III. The Office of the Premier manages the finances of the institutions of the European Union, including the proposal of a budget to the Council for each fiscal year. In the event of the Council rejecting a proposed budget, the Office of the Premier is required to present alternative budgets until one is passed by the Council.

    IV. The Office of the Premier Commissioner coordinates the actions of the Offices of the European Commission, and the activities of the European Institutions.

    V. The Premier Commissioner signs into force passed European Council legislation and European Commission decisions. The Premier Commissioner has no right to withhold his signature or exercise any kind of veto over Council legislation.

    VI. The Office of the Premier champions economic co-operation among the member states, and monitors the strength of the economy of the member states and of the European Union as a whole.


    Section VI – Office of Internal Affairs

    I. The Office of Internal Affairs implements European Union decisions and policies for the benefit of its Member States and their citizens.

    II. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for encouraging efficiency and good governance among the institutions of the European Union.

    III. The Office of Internal Affairs coordinates relations between the European Commission and individual Member States governments.

    IV. The Office of Internal Affairs safeguards the political freedoms and civil rights in all of the Member States of the European Union.

    V. The Office of Internal Affairs fosters co-operation between Member States and mediates conflict arising between them.

    VI. The Office of Internal Affairs coordinates regional relief efforts for parts of the region blighted by conflict or natural disaster.

    VI. The Office of Internal Affairs maintains the defence and security of Europolis, and organises co-operation between the Europolis security services and national security services active within Europolis.


    Section VII – Office of Foreign Affairs

    I. The Office of Foreign Affairs champions the foreign policies of the European Union, in consultation with the Council.

    II. The Office of Foreign Affairs maintains relations between the European Union and other regions, including through the maintenance of alliances and embassies.

    III. The Office of Foreign Affairs encourages nations outside the region to accede to the European Union.

    IV. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for strengthening and promoting the European Union's influence among other regions.






  • Mod

    I, Acwellan Devoy, on behalf of the Duxburian Union, vote [b]FOR[/b] all of my amendments.



  • I, David Leyonhjelm, on behalf of the Commonwealth of Australia, vote FOR Mr. Devoy's amendments and all proposed amendments that were not adjusted by Mr. Devoy.



  • On behalf of the Democratic Republic of Sitanova, I, Marie Therese Charlaix, vote FOR all the amendments proposed



  • Due to some private requests by councillors I will be extending the debate period from now (4:34 GMT, August 27th) to 4:34, August 30th. It is obvious this is a major pressing issue that deserves more consideration. All other periods of the bill consideration process will also be adjusted to their current constitutional times. Now I wish to make it clear that when presenting amendments that you must bold the changes, and if combining amendments in the future that you state you are only "considering proposing" your original set, and that you make it clear that they are no longer meant to be voted on if need be.

    As such the recent set of amendments by Councillor de Riviere will be considered on the 30th when we begin the newer phase of amendment voting. I also ask if Councillor Devoy and de Riviere if they are removing their older amendments from the floor due to the recent proposals by Councillor de Riviere. Finally, I support this constitutional amendment and it is an extremely welcome sight, it should also be noted that I have already am privately considering two deputy speakers, who will automatically take over me during extended absences on my part. Due to this, I do not see the need for an "alternate speaker" or the 10 absence limitations by the Councillor from Sitanova.

    Speaker John Oliver


  • Mod

    A new, consolidated version should replace my original set of amendments, yes. I do support Councillor de Riviere's integrated version, but not the additional wording in the later sections that I had made more concise. I'll always stick to the position that no unnecessary word should be in a significant, multinational legal document. I believe that the umbrella language covers the powers elaborated on in the expanded phrasing. However, we have time to hash out something that we can both agree on.

    Councillor Charlaix, the Speaker of the European Council isn't quite the same role as that of a Speaker in a national legislative assembly. In other words, the Council can and often does operate without the Speaker present and it's usually not a big deal. It's not the Speaker's job to balance viewpoints, Speakers can be as politically partisan as they desire, as long as all councillors are provided fair treatment in the core functions of the role. It's not even really the Speaker's job to manage the legislative process, the blame for needing extensions rests with inactive councillors. The crux of the issue is that I believe the right to initiate a proposal in the Council, of any type, is a core power of a regular councillor. It should not be limited to the Speaker, or alternate, or army of alternates. No more powers of councillors should be given away, we've given away enough.

    Acwellan Devoy
    Councillor of the Duxburian Union







  • Hon. Speaker, I want to recall that I regretted from suggesting a 10 absence limitation. Why?, well because we aren´t superhumans, we have a lot of duties to do and I understand that sometimes you can´t attend the session. I aslo want to add, that actually you are doing a great job as speaker. Councillor Devoy, when I said a speaker can be a balance between viewpoints, it was only a example of the importance the speaker has in the chamber, of course they can have certain political color, a great example is in the Sitanovan House of Commons, were the actual speaker is member of the Social Democrat Party. This is really a good theme of conversation and debating, but i think it isn´t quite the moment for that, and I am really sorry if I mentioned before. Right now we are deciding the constituional amendment of the European Union. But I personally would like to invite, Councillor Devoy and the Hon. Speaker, to my office and so we could talk more about it if you want.

    Finally I would like to add, that I agree on what Councillor Devoy said about Councillor´s de Rivere Integrated Version.

    Marie Therese Charlaix

    European Councillor of Sitanova



  • We've tried to consult with colleagues but unfortunately I am only able to propose the following amendments as our own.

    I have proposed each Section's "block change" as a separate Amendment.

    These replace all of Rosebourg's previously proposed amendments to the sections relating to offices. We have incorporated all of Duxburian Union's housekeeping amendments into our own modified version.

    As these amendments profoundly change the sections anyway and would result in having to bold everything save a few sentences, I've tried to present the amendments in as clear a manner as possible. For the sake of clarity. We are proposing that a revised housekeeping fully taken from Amendment 0 of Duxburian Union for sections I through IV become Amendment 6, so that there is no potential conflict between these amendments and the initial Amendment 0 for Sections V through VII.



    Amendment 3 - 'Office of the Premier Commissioner':

    [Replace and Add]

    Section V – Office of the Premier Commissioner

    I. The Premier Commissioner heads the Office of the Premier Commissioner.

    II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner sets the political and working priorities of the Commission for their mandate.

    III. The Office of the Premier Commissioner chairs all meetings of the European Commission.

    IV. The Office of the Premier Commissioner manages the finances of the institutions of the European Union, including the proposal of a budget to the Council for each fiscal year. In the event of the Council rejecting a proposed budget, the Office of the Premier is required to present alternative budgets until one is passed by the Council.

    V. The Office of the Premier Commissioner coordinates the activities of the European Institutions.

    VI. The Premier Commissioner signs into force passed European Council legislation and European Commission decisions. The Premier Commissioner has no right to withhold their signature or exercise any kind of veto over Council legislation.

    VII. The Office of the Premier champions economic co-operation among member states, and monitors the strength of the economy of the member states and of the European Union as a whole.


    [Original]

    Section V – Office of the Premier Commissioner

    I. The Office of the Premier Commissioner is first among the Offices of the European Commission, and the Premier Commissioner shall preside over all meetings of the European Commission.

    II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner is responsible for setting an agenda for each Commission, for co-operation between the Offices of the European Commission and between the European Commission and the European Council, and for signing off on passed European Council legislation and European Commission decisions. The Premier Commissioner has no right to withhold his signature or exercise any kind of veto over Council legislation.

    III. The Office of the Premier is responsible for managing the finances of the institutions of the European Union, including by proposing to the Council a Budget for each financial year. In the event of the Council rejecting a proposed budget, the Office of the Premier is required to present alternative budgets until one is passed by the Council.

    IV. The Office of the Premier is responsible for the promotion of economic co-operation among the member states, and for monitoring the strength of the economy of the member states and of the European Union as a whole.


    Amendment 4 - 'Office of Internal Affairs':

    [Replace and Add]

    Section VI – Office of Internal Affairs

    I. The Commissioner for Internal Affairs heads the Office of Internal Affairs.

    II. The Office of Internal Affairs implements European Union decisions and policies for the benefit of Member States and their citizens.

    III. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for encouraging efficiency and good governance among the institutions of the European Union.

    IV. The Office of Internal Affairs coordinates relations between the European Commission and individual Member States governments.

    V. The Office of Internal Affairs safeguards the political freedoms and civil rights in all of the Member States of the European Union.

    VI. The Office of Internal Affairs fosters co-operation between Member States and mediates conflict arising between them.

    VII. The Office of Internal Affairs coordinates regional relief conflict and disaster efforts.

    VIII. The Office of Internal Affairs maintains the defence and security of Europolis, and organises co-operation between the Europolis and national security services active within Europolis.


    [Original]

    Section VI – Office of Internal Affairs

    I. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for relations between the European Commission and the member states.

    II. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for the promotion of political freedoms and civil rights among the member states of the European Union.

    III. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for mediating conflict and the ensuring co-operation between member states an for the benefit of the European Union as a whole.

    IV. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for co-ordinating regional relief efforts for parts of the region blighted by conflict or natural disaster.

    V. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for encouraging efficiency and good governance among the institutions of the European Union.

    VI. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for maintaining the defence and security of Europolis, and for organising co-operation between national security services active within Europolis and the Europolis security services


    Amendment 5 - 'Office of Foreign Affairs':

    [Replace and Add]

    Section VII – Office of Foreign Affairs

    I. The Commissioner for Foreign Affairs heads the Office of Foreign Affairs.

    II.The Office of Foreign Affairs champions the foreign policies of the European Union, in consultation with the Council.

    III. The Office of Foreign Affairs maintains relations between the European Union and external regions.

    IV. The Office of Foreign Affairs encourages nations outside the region to accede to the European Union.

    V. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for strengthening and promoting the European Union's influence abroad.


    [Original]

    Section VII – Office of Foreign Affairs

    I. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for relations between the European Union and other regions, including through the maintenance of alliances and embassies.

    II. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for encouraging nations outside the region to accede to the European Union.

    III. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for strengthening and promoting the European Union's influence among other regions.




    Amendment 6 - 'Housekeeping':

    [Replace and Delete]

    ARTICLE II THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL

    Section II – Powers of the European Council

    VI. The European Council may hold a vote to impeach the Council Speaker, European Commission, European Court of Justice, or any member thereof on the on the basis of unbecoming conduct or gross negligence in the execution of the office. Such a proposal must garner a super-majority of those present to pass. If a vote of impeachment passes against the Council Speaker, the Commission, or the Court, then that entity must face a by-election or re-appointment as outlined by its relevant election procedures.

    VII. The European Council must ratify the appointment of a new European Commissioner by the Premier Commissioner, either at the start of their term or to complete the term of a Commissioner that has vacated their Office. A ratification must garner a simple majority of those present to pass.

    VIII. The European Council may reject the dismissal of removal from office of a European Commissioner by the Premier Commissioner. A rejection must be proposed by the Speaker of the European Council within 48 hours of such a removal, and must garner a super-majority of those present to pass.


    Section III Voting in the European Council

    I. A Bill, Amendment, Repeal, Statement, Impeachment, Confirmation, Ratification, or Rejection is proposed by a Councillor or a Commissioner. A Commissioner may only propose legislation within their brief, except for the Premier Commissioner, who may propose legislation on any topic.

    II. Councillors and the proposing Commissioner then debate the proposal for 48 hours, except for Ratifications, where debate shall last for 96 hours, and where the nominated candidate may also participate in debate.



    III. During this the debate period, unless the proposal is a Repeal, Impeachment, Ratification, or Rejection,amendments may be proposed by any Councillor. Amendments proposed during this period shall be voted upon once the debating period has concluded, and it shall last for 48 hours to determine if the amendments shall be made. Amendments require a simple majority to pass.

    ^ Note that the addition of a clause would require the voting clauses in Section III to be bumped up to IV and V.

    ARTICLE III – THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION

    Section I – Definition of the European Commission

    I. The European Commission is the executive authority of the European Union.

    II. The European Commission comprises of the Offices of the Premier Commissioner, Internal Affairs, and Foreign Affairs.

    III. II. The European Commission is responsible for the implementation and enforcement of European Council and European Court of Justice decisions.

    Section II – Composition

    I. The European Commission is composed of three Commissioners, the Premier Commissioner, the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs, and the Commissioner for Internal Affairs.
    I. The European Commission consists of the Offices of the Premier Commissioner, Internal Affairs, and Foreign Affairs.

    V. II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner, which also holds all authority and mandates previously accredited through legislation to the defunct Office of Economics, is headed by the Premier Commissioner.

    VI. III. The Office of Internal Affairs, which also holds all authority and mandates accredited through legislation to the defunct Office of Defence and Peacekeeping, is headed by the European Commissioner for Internal Affairs.

    VII. IV. The Office of Foreign Affairs is headed by the European Commissioner for Foreign Affairs.

    II. V. Commissioners do not represent nor are they related to any government of any member state of the European Union.

    III. VI. The term for all Commissioners shall last four months. No country member state may have a citizen or national of itself elected for more than two consecutive terms.

    IV. VII. Each Commissioner must come from a separate country member state.


    Section III – Election Procedures

    I. Any nation may put forward as many candidates as it wishes for the Office of Premier Commissioner, but only the most successful candidate from each nation is eligible for election.

    II. Candidates for Premier Commissioner must also announce who shall run as their Internal Affairs and Foreign Affairs Commissioners when putting forward their candidacy. Should a Premier Commissioner candidate successfully be elected to Office, these candidates will automatically be nominated to their position before the Council.

    III. The Premier Commission nomination period shall last seven days, to be followed by a seven day debate period in which debates shall be held, then a seven day voting period. in turn by seven days of voting.

    IV. Voters rank in order of preference as many candidates as they wish.

    V. The Premier Commissioner shall be elected using the Alternative Vote system. Ties shall be broken by determining the proportion of each candidate’s votes that are first preferences, with the candidate with the highest proportion winning the tie. If that is tied, the process shall be repeated for the next-highest preference. If the candidates are tied for all preferences, then the tie shall be broken by a coin toss.

    VI. The new Premier Commissioner shall be sworn in and replace the outgoing Premier Commissioner the next day. The new Premier Commissioner shall then propose their nominated candidates for the Offices of Internal and Foreign Affair by the European Council for confirmation.

    VII. Should the confirmation vote for a candidate fail, the Premier Commissioner shall nominate an alternative candidate, and propose them for confirmation by the Council. This process shall continue until all Offices are filled.

    Section IV – Impeachments and Vacancies

    I. The Premier Commissioner may remove any individual Commissioner from their Office, subject to a vote of approval by the European Council.

    II. Should the Office of Premier Commissioner become vacant, a by-election for a Premier Commissioner to complete that term shall be held. Any other Commissioners in office shall remain in office, and candidates for Premier Commissioner shall not announce any candidates for the offices already filled. The by-election shall otherwise follow the normal procedure for the election of a Premier Commissioner.

    III. In the period between the Office of Premier Commissioner becoming vacant and a new Premier Commissioner being elected, the Commissioner for Internal Affairs shall by default assume the role of Premier Commissioner on an acting basis. If the Office for Internal Affairs is also vacant, then the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs shall assume the role of Premier Commissioner on an acting basis. However, a Premier Commissioner may choose to overturn this procedure and name the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs as the first in line for succession, and the Commissioner for Internal Affairs as second in line for succession, if they so choose, by formally announcing such to the European Council before their vacancy.

    IV. Should either the Office of Internal Affairs or the Office of Foreign Affairs become vacant, the Premier Commissioner shall nominate a candidate to complete that term, subject to confirmation by the European Council.

    V. Serving on the Commission after being elected or appointed to complete a term shall not count as a full term in office.






  • Mod

    Could the Speaker please clarify what's going on with this very important discussion? I feel as though this is a very serious matter - and our Commission is quite literally waiting on it. What phase is it, and what amendments are valid, up for debate, or what?



  • After receiving confirmation from Cllrs. Devoy and de Riviere; the final amendments are as follow with voting beginning now (6:10 GMT September 5th, and ending 6:10 GMT September 7th, other times to be adjusted as constitutional required). For record, Cllr. Devoy was kind enough to remove his amendments from consideration, as such all were presented by Cllr. de Riviere.


    AMENDMENTS

    Amendment 1 - 'Office of the Premier Commissioner':

    [Replace and Add]
    Section V – Office of the Premier Commissioner
    I. The Premier Commissioner heads the Office of the Premier Commissioner.
    II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner sets the political and working priorities of the Commission for their mandate.
    III. The Office of the Premier Commissioner chairs all meetings of the European Commission.
    IV. The Office of the Premier Commissioner manages the finances of the institutions of the European Union, including the proposal of a budget to the Council for each fiscal year. In the event of the Council rejecting a proposed budget, the Office of the Premier is required to present alternative budgets until one is passed by the Council.
    V. The Office of the Premier Commissioner coordinates the activities of the European Institutions.
    VI. The Premier Commissioner signs into force passed European Council legislation and European Commission decisions. The Premier Commissioner has no right to withhold their signature or exercise any kind of veto over Council legislation.
    VII. The Office of the Premier champions economic co-operation among member states, and monitors the strength of the economy of the member states and of the European Union as a whole.


    [Original]
    Section V – Office of the Premier Commissioner
    I. The Office of the Premier Commissioner is first among the Offices of the European Commission, and the Premier Commissioner shall preside over all meetings of the European Commission.
    II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner is responsible for setting an agenda for each Commission, for co-operation between the Offices of the European Commission and between the European Commission and the European Council, and for signing off on passed European Council legislation and European Commission decisions. The Premier Commissioner has no right to withhold his signature or exercise any kind of veto over Council legislation.
    III. The Office of the Premier is responsible for managing the finances of the institutions of the European Union, including by proposing to the Council a Budget for each financial year. In the event of the Council rejecting a proposed budget, the Office of the Premier is required to present alternative budgets until one is passed by the Council.
    IV. The Office of the Premier is responsible for the promotion of economic co-operation among the member states, and for monitoring the strength of the economy of the member states and of the European Union as a whole.


    Amendment 2 - 'Office of Internal Affairs':

    [Replace and Add]
    Section VI – Office of Internal Affairs
    I. The Commissioner for Internal Affairs heads the Office of Internal Affairs.
    II. The Office of Internal Affairs implements European Union decisions and policies for the benefit of Member States and their citizens.
    III. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for encouraging efficiency and good governance among the institutions of the European Union.
    IV. The Office of Internal Affairs coordinates relations between the European Commission and individual Member States governments.
    V. The Office of Internal Affairs safeguards the political freedoms and civil rights in all of the Member States of the European Union.
    VI. The Office of Internal Affairs fosters co-operation between Member States and mediates conflict arising between them.
    VII. The Office of Internal Affairs coordinates regional relief conflict and disaster efforts.
    VIII. The Office of Internal Affairs maintains the defence and security of Europolis, and organises co-operation between the Europolis and national security services active within Europolis.


    [Original]
    Section VI – Office of Internal Affairs
    I. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for relations between the European Commission and the member states.
    II. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for the promotion of political freedoms and civil rights among the member states of the European Union.
    III. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for mediating conflict and the ensuring co-operation between member states an for the benefit of the European Union as a whole.
    IV. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for co-ordinating regional relief efforts for parts of the region blighted by conflict or natural disaster.

    V. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for encouraging efficiency and good governance among the institutions of the European Union.
    VI. The Office of Internal Affairs is responsible for maintaining the defence and security of Europolis, and for organising co-operation between national security services active within Europolis and the Europolis security services


    Amendment 3 - 'Office of Foreign Affairs':

    [Replace and Add]
    Section VII – Office of Foreign Affairs
    I. The Commissioner for Foreign Affairs heads the Office of Foreign Affairs.
    II.The Office of Foreign Affairs champions the foreign policies of the European Union, in consultation with the Council.
    III. The Office of Foreign Affairs maintains relations between the European Union and external regions.
    IV. The Office of Foreign Affairs encourages nations outside the region to accede to the European Union.
    V. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for strengthening and promoting the European Union's influence abroad.


    [Original]
    Section VII – Office of Foreign Affairs
    I. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for relations between the European Union and other regions, including through the maintenance of alliances and embassies.
    II. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for encouraging nations outside the region to accede to the European Union.
    III. The Office of Foreign Affairs is responsible for strengthening and promoting the European Union's influence among other regions.






    Amendment 4 - 'Housekeeping':

    [Replace and Delete]

    ARTICLE II THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL

    Section II – Powers of the European Council

    VI. The European Council may hold a vote to impeach the Council Speaker, European Commission, European Court of Justice, or any member thereof on the on the basis of unbecoming conduct or gross negligence in the execution of the office. Such a proposal must garner a super-majority of those present to pass. If a vote of impeachment passes against the Council Speaker, the Commission, or the Court, then that entity must face a by-election or re-appointment as outlined by its relevant election procedures.
    VII. The European Council must ratify the appointment of a new European Commissioner by the Premier Commissioner, either at the start of their term or to complete the term of a Commissioner that has vacated their Office. A ratification must garner a simple majority of those present to pass.
    VIII. The European Council may reject the dismissal of removal from office of a European Commissioner by the Premier Commissioner. A rejection must be proposed by the Speaker of the European Council within 48 hours of such a removal, and must garner a super-majority of those present to pass.



    Section III Voting in the European Council

    I. A Bill, Amendment, Repeal, Statement, Impeachment, Confirmation, Ratification, or Rejection is proposed by a Councillor or a Commissioner. A Commissioner may only propose legislation within their brief, except for the Premier Commissioner, who may propose legislation on any topic.
    II. Councillors and the proposing Commissioner then debate the proposal for 48 hours, except for Ratifications, where debate shall last for 96 hours, and where the nominated candidate may also participate in debate.



    III. During this the debate period, unless the proposal is a Repeal, Impeachment, Ratification, or Rejection,amendments may be proposed by any Councillor. Amendments proposed during this period shall be voted upon once the debating period has concluded, and it shall last for 48 hours to determine if the amendments shall be made. Amendments require a simple majority to pass.

    ^ Note that the addition of a clause would require the voting clauses in Section III to be bumped up to IV and V.


    ARTICLE III – THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION

    Section I – Definition of the European Commission
    I. The European Commission is the executive authority of the European Union.
    II. The European Commission comprises of the Offices of the Premier Commissioner, Internal Affairs, and Foreign Affairs.
    III. II. The European Commission is responsible for the implementation and enforcement of European Council and European Court of Justice decisions.
    Section II – Composition

    I. The European Commission is composed of three Commissioners, the Premier Commissioner, the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs, and the Commissioner for Internal Affairs.
    I. The European Commission consists of the Offices of the Premier Commissioner, Internal Affairs, and Foreign Affairs.

    V. II. The Office of the Premier Commissioner, which also holds all authority and mandates previously accredited through legislation to the defunct Office of Economics, is headed by the Premier Commissioner.
    VI. III. The Office of Internal Affairs, which also holds all authority and mandates accredited through legislation to the defunct Office of Defence and Peacekeeping, is headed by the European Commissioner for Internal Affairs.
    VII. IV. The Office of Foreign Affairs is headed by the European Commissioner for Foreign Affairs.
    II. V. Commissioners do not represent nor are they related to any government of any member state of the European Union.
    III. VI. The term for all Commissioners shall last four months. No country member state may have a citizen or national of itself elected for more than two consecutive terms.
    IV. VII. Each Commissioner must come from a separate country member state.



    Section III – Election Procedures
    I. Any nation may put forward as many candidates as it wishes for the Office of Premier Commissioner, but only the most successful candidate from each nation is eligible for election.
    II. Candidates for Premier Commissioner must also announce who shall run as their Internal Affairs and Foreign Affairs Commissioners when putting forward their candidacy. Should a Premier Commissioner candidate successfully be elected to Office, these candidates will automatically be nominated to their position before the Council.
    III. The Premier Commission nomination period shall last seven days, to be followed by a seven day debate period in which debates shall be held, then a seven day voting period. in turn by seven days of voting.
    IV. Voters rank in order of preference as many candidates as they wish.
    V. The Premier Commissioner shall be elected using the Alternative Vote system. Ties shall be broken by determining the proportion of each candidate’s votes that are first preferences, with the candidate with the highest proportion winning the tie. If that is tied, the process shall be repeated for the next-highest preference. If the candidates are tied for all preferences, then the tie shall be broken by a coin toss.
    VI. The new Premier Commissioner shall be sworn in and replace the outgoing Premier Commissioner the next day. The new Premier Commissioner shall then propose their nominated candidates for the Offices of Internal and Foreign Affair by the European Council for confirmation.
    VII. Should the confirmation vote for a candidate fail, the Premier Commissioner shall nominate an alternative candidate, and propose them for confirmation by the Council. This process shall continue until all Offices are filled.

    Section IV – Impeachments and Vacancies
    I. The Premier Commissioner may remove any individual Commissioner from their Office, subject to a vote of approval by the European Council.
    II. Should the Office of Premier Commissioner become vacant, a by-election for a Premier Commissioner to complete that term shall be held. Any other Commissioners in office shall remain in office, and candidates for Premier Commissioner shall not announce any candidates for the offices already filled. The by-election shall otherwise follow the normal procedure for the election of a Premier Commissioner.
    III. In the period between the Office of Premier Commissioner becoming vacant and a new Premier Commissioner being elected, the Commissioner for Internal Affairs shall by default assume the role of Premier Commissioner on an acting basis. If the Office for Internal Affairs is also vacant, then the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs shall assume the role of Premier Commissioner on an acting basis. However, a Premier Commissioner may choose to overturn this procedure and name the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs as the first in line for succession, and the Commissioner for Internal Affairs as second in line for succession, if they so choose, by formally announcing such to the European Council before their vacancy.
    IV. Should either the Office of Internal Affairs or the Office of Foreign Affairs become vacant, the Premier Commissioner shall nominate a candidate to complete that term, subject to confirmation by the European Council.
    V. Serving on the Commission after being elected or appointed to complete a term shall not count as a full term in office.


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