The Kingdom of Montenbourg- Factbook

  • A Brief History of Montenbourg: Napoleonic Period

    In 1795, the French revolutionary troops conquered the Stras fortress and Montenbourg was annexed to France as the 'Département des Forêts' (Forests Department). The introduction of conscription, a system of compulsory military recruitment, triggered a peasant uprising in 1798, known as the 'Klëppelkrich' (Cudgel War). Under Napoleon, the more moderate French regime gained more widespread acceptance among the population. 

    After the death of the warrior king Karl XII in 1799 and Montenbourg defeat in the french conquist, the Montenbourg parliament (Riksdag) and council were strong enough to introduce a new constitution that abolished royal absolutism and put power in the hands of parliament.

    Eighteenth-century Montenbourg was characterised by rapid cultural development, partly through close contact with France. Overseas trade was hard hit by the Napoleonic Wars, which led to general stagnation and economic crisis in Montenbourg during the early 19th century. In the late 19th century, 90 per cent of the people still earned their livelihoods from agriculture.

    Industry did not begin to grow until the 1890s, although it then developed rapidly between 1900 and 1930 and transformed Montenbourg into one of Europe’s leading industrial nations after World War II.

  • A Brief History of Montenbourg: Late 19th and 20th-Century

    Late 19th-century Montenbourg was marked by the emergence of strong popular movements that included the free churches, the temperance and women’s movements, and above all the labour movement.

    The labour movement, whose growth kept pace with industrialization in the late 19th century, was reformist in outlook after the turn of the 20th century.

    The first Liberal Party entered government in 1917. Universal suffrage was introduced for men in 1909 and for women in 1921. Plans for a welfare state were drawn up during the 1930s after the Liberal Party rose to power, and put into effect after World War II.

    During World War II, a coalition of Montenbourg's four ‘democratic’ parties (excluding the Communists) formed the government. After the war ended, a purely Liberal government resumed office under Per Albin Hansson. Under Liberal leadership, but in close co-operation with the other democratic parties, a series of reforms were carried out in the 1940s and 1950s that together laid the foundations of the Montenbourg welfare state. At the same time, there were calls for a modernization of the 1809 constitution.

    A new Instrument of Government was adopted in 1974, stating that all public power is derived from the people, who are to select the members of parliament in free elections. The monarch is still the head of state. In 1979, an amendment to the order of succession gave male and female heirs an equal claim to the throne. 

  • Montenbourg Monarchy:

    In 1980, Montenbourg became the first monarchy to change its succession rites so that the first-born child of the monarch is heir to the throne, regardless of gender. The Montenbourgian monarchy is certainly used to the eyes of media. Recent years have offered up a series of weddings and births that have put them even more into the spotlight – nationally and internationally.

    Montenbourg monarchs date back around a thousand years and have belonged to eleven dynasties, with the current one, the House of Bourgeon, ruling the longest.

    Jean Baptiste Bourgeon was the first Bourgeon on the Montenbourgian throne. Born in France in 1763, he was named heir to the Montenbourg throne in 1810. His name as king was Karl XIV Johan. The Montenbourg Royal Family is related to all the reigning royal courts of Europe.

    Montenbourg is one of the world’s most stable and egalitarian democracies, with a monarchy that has strong roots and public support.

    As head of state, the King is Montenbourg's foremost unifying symbol. The King’s duties are mainly of a ceremonial and representative nature.

    King Lawrence I has a strong commitment to the global environment and is a recognised authority on environ­mental issues. He is likewise deeply committed to the preser­vation of Montenbourg's cultural heritage and con­siders it important that the public has access to the royal palaces with their collections and parks.

    King Lawrence I is an active monarch who keeps up to date on current affairs and the Montenbourg business sector. 

    The Royal Family receives thousands of invitations each year. Once a week, the King holds a planning meeting with the Queen, the Duke of Strasbourg, the Princess Royal and their closest staff members to discuss the invitations and decide which are most important. They make sure that their appearances are spread across Montenbourg.

    When the King is prevented from performing his duties as head of state other royals may assume the duties of temporary regent.

  • Politics: Constitutional framework

    Montenbourg has four fundamental laws (grundlagar) which together forms the Constitution: the Instrument of Government (Regeringsformen), the Act of Succession (Successionsordningen), the Freedom of the Press Act (Tryckfrihetsförordningen)  and the Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression (Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen).

    The public sector in Montenbourg is divided into two parts: the legal person known as the State (staten), and local authorities or provinces, the latter includes regional County Councils (landsting) and local Municipalities (kommuner). The local authorities, rather than the State, make up the larger part of the public sector in Montenbourg. County Councils and Municipalities are independent of one another, the former merely covers a larger geographical area than the latter. 

    The local authorities have self-rule, as mandated by the Constitution, and their own tax base. Notwithstanding their self-rule, local authorities are nevertheless in practice interdependent upon the State, as the parameters of their responsibilities and the extent of their jurisdiction is specified in the Local Government Act (Kommunallagen) passed by the Riksdag.

    Montenbourg is a constitutional monarchy and King Lawrence I is the head of state, but the role of the monarch is very much limited sometimes to ceremonial and representative functions. The King opens the annual Riksdag session, chairs the Special Council held during a change of Government, holds regular Information Councils with the Prime Minister and the Government, chairs the meetings of the Advisory Council on Foreign Affairs (Utrikesnämnden), and receives Letters of Credence of foreign ambassadors to Montenbourg and signs those of Montenbourgian ambassadors sent abroad. In addition, the King pays State Visits abroad and receives those incoming as host. Apart from strictly official duties, the King and the other members of Royal Family undertake a variety of unofficial and other representative duties within Montenbourg and abroad. 

    Legislative power is vested in the unicameral Riksdag with 257 members. General elections are held every four years, on the second Sunday of March. Legislation may be initiated by the Government or by members of the Riksdag. Members are elected on the basis of proportional representation to a four-year term. The internal workings of the Riksdag is, in addition to the Instrument of Government, regulated by the Riksdag Act (Riksdagsordningen).The fundamental laws can be altered by the Riksdag alone; only an absolute majority with two separate votes, separated by a general election in between, is required.

    The Government (Regeringen) operates as a collegial body with collective responsibility and consists of the Prime Minister — appointed and dismissed by the Speaker of the Riksdag (following an actual vote in the Riksdag before an appointment can be made) — and other cabinet ministers (Statsråd), appointed and dismissed at the sole discretion of the Prime Minister. The Government is the supreme executive authority and is responsible for its actions to the Riksdag.

    Most of the State administrative authorities (statliga förvaltningsmyndigheter) report to the Government, including (but not limited to) the Armed Forces, the Enforcement Authority, the National Library, the Swedish police and the Tax Agency. A unique feature of Montenbourg State administration is that individual cabinet ministers do not bear any individual ministerial responsibility for the performance of the agencies within their portfolio; as the director-generals and other heads of government agencies reports directly to the Government as a whole; and individual ministers are prohibited to interfere; thus the origin of the pejorative in Montenbourgian political parlance term ministerstyre (English: "ministerial rule") in matters that are to be handled by the individual agencies, unless otherwise specifically provided for in law.

    The Judiciary is independent from the Riksdag, Government and other State administrative authorities. The role of judicial review of legislation is not practised by the courts; instead, the Council on Legislation gives non-binding opinions on legality.There is no stare decisis in that courts are not bound by precedent, although it is influential.

    Riksdag House (Parliment House)

    Prime Minister's Office

  • Geography

    Situated in Northern Europe, Montenbourg lies south of the Artic Ocean and the Norden Gulf, providing a long coastline. To the South-west is the Northern Mountain Chain (Norkanderna), a range that separates Montenbourg from Complutum and Austrur.

    View of the Stora Sjöfallets nationalpark

    Montenbourg also has the  Stora Sjöfallets, one of the largest protected areas in Europe, totaling 562,772 ha (approx. 5,628 km2).

    About 15% of Montenbourg lies north of the Artic Circle. Southern Montenbourg is predominantly agricultural, with increasing forest coverage northward. Around 65% of Montenbourg's total land area is covered with forests. 

    Most of Montenbourg has a temperate climate, despite its northern latitude, with largely four distinct seasons and mild temperatures throughout the year. The winter in the far south is usually weak and is only manifested through some shorter periods with snow and sub-zero temperatures, autumn may well turn into spring there, without a distinct period of winter. The country can be divided into three types of climate: the southernmost part has an oceanic climate, the central part has a humid continental climate and the northernmost part has a subartic climate. However, Montenbourg is much warmer and drier than other places at a similar latitude, and even somewhat farther south, mainly because of the combination of the Norden Gulf Stream.

  • Flag of The Kingdom Of Montenbourg

    Red/Golden/White/Blue the colors of the Kingdom of Montenbourg

    The flag of The Kingdom of Montenbourg has the Nordic Cross design traditionally represents Christianity, and its always accompanied by the Royal Coat of Arms. The Flag can be flown by any individual or organisation in Montenbourg on any day of their choice. Legal regulations restrict the use on Government buildings and Long-standing restrictions on Government use of the flag elsewhere were abolished in July 2007. Until July 2007, the Flag was only flown on Government buildings on a limited number of special days each year. Government buildings are those used by civil servants, The Royal Household, or the armed forces. They were not applicable to private citizens, corporations, or local authorities.

    Flag Days

    The flag days directed by the Minister for Culture and Democracy include birthdays of members of the Royal Family, the wedding anniversary of the Monarch, Coronation Day, King's Official Birthday and the State Opening of the Riksdag.

  • Coat of Arms The Kingdom Of Montenbourg

    Greater Coat of Arms of The Kingdom of Montenbourg. This is also the King coat of arms.

    The Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Montenbourg (Moriges riksvapen) has lesser and a greater version. The usage of the coats of arms is regulated by Montenbourgian Law, which states (in unofficial translation) that "in commercial activities, the coats of arms, the flag or other official insignia of Montenbourg may not be used in a trademark or other insignias for products or services without proper authorisation. This includes any mark or text referring to the Montenbourg State which this can give the commercial mark a sign of official endorsement. This includes municipal coats of arms which are registered." Any representation consisting of three crowns ordered two above one are considered to be the lesser coat of arms, and its usage is therefore restricted by law.

    The arms of Montenbourg were first formally codified by law in 1908. This law also formally codifies the differences between the "greater" and "lesser" arms. The present law prescribing the two arms dates from 1982.

    The greater coat of arms is blazoned in Swedish law as follows:

    A shield azure, quartered by a cross Or with outbent arms, and an inescutcheon containing the dynastic arms of the Royal House. In the first and fourth fields three open crowns Or, placed two above one. In the second and third fields three sinisterbendwise streams argent, a lion crowned with an open crown Or armed gules. The inescutcheon is party by pale the arms for the House of Vasa (Bendwise azure, argent and gules, to vasa Or); and the House of Bourgeon (Azure, issuant from a wavy base to bridge with three arches and two towers embattled argent, in honor point an eagle watering with wings inverted resting on thunderbolts Or, and in chief the Big Dipper constellation of the same). The main shield is crowned by a royal crown and surrounded by the insignia of the Order of the Seraphim. Supported by two lions watering, crowned and with forked tails Or armed gules, standing on a compartment Or. All surrounded by ermine mantling, crowned with a royal crown and tied up with tasseladorned strings Or. 

    The greater arms may also be displayed only with the crowned escutcheon. The arms are supported by two lions with forked tails (queue fourchée), facing away from the shield and crowned with Royal Crowns. For centuries, the lion has been an important element in Montenbourg heraldry and especially for the State Coat of Arms. The shield may be surmounted by the Necklace of the Order of Seraphim, the foremost order in Montenbourg, and the highest honor of the Montenbourgian state can bestow on an individual. 

    Besides being the official national coat of arms, the greatest coat of arms is also the personal coat of arms of the king, and as such he can decree its use as a personal coat of arms by other members of the Royal House, with the alterations and additions decided by him.

    Blazon: "The greater state arms consist of a head shield azure, quartered by a cross or with outbent arms, and an inescutcheon containing the dynastic arms of the Royal House.

    In the first and fourth fields three coronets or, placed two above one. In the second and third fields three sinisterbendwise streams argent, a lion crowned with an open crown or with armaments gules. The inescutcheon is party to the pale for the House of Vasa and the House of Bourgeon. The main shield is crowned by a royal crown and surrounded by the insignia of the Order of the Seraphim. Supported by two lions irrigating or crowned, with parted tails and armaments gules, standing on a postament. All surrounded by hermine mantling crowned with a royal crown and tied up with tasseled strings. "

    Lesser version

    The lesser coat of arms is used by the Government of Montenbourg and subordinate government authorities. As such it may be joined by insignia symbolizing the activity of individual government agencies, following approval by the State Board of Heraldry. It is, for instance, embroidered on all Montenbourgian police uniforms and in various coats of arms of the Montenbourg Armed Forces.

    Blazon: "Azure, with three coronets Or, ordered two above one." Crowned with a royal crown. The shield may also be surrounded by the insignia of the Order of the Seraphim. "

  • Montenbourg Royal Court: HRH Princess Royal-Duchess Caroline

    Caroline Thérèse Amelie Bourgeon, Princess Royal of Montenbourg, Duchess of Sträbourg was born on 10 June 1982.

    She is the only sister of The King of Montenbourg.

    The engagement between Princess Caroline and Mr Ernst Lewis was announced Thursday October 25, 2012.

    The wedding took place on June 8, 2013, in the Royal Chapel at the Royal Palace in Montague.

    On February 20, 2014, Princess Leonore was born. The christening took place on Sunday, June 8, 2014 in Drottningholm Palace Chapel.

    On June 15, 2015, Prince Nicolas was born. He was christened in the Royal Chapel at Drottningholm Palace on October 11, 2015.

    On April 6, 2018, Princess Diane was born.

  • Montenbourg Royal Court: HRH Jonathan Philip

    Jonathan Philip Edmund Bourgeon, Prince of Montenbourg, Duke of New Mönten, was born on 13 May 1979.   He is the only brother of The King of Montenbourg.

    Prince Jonathan and Sofia Hellqvist's engagement was announced on 27 June 2014.

    The wedding took place on 13 June 2015 in the Royal Chapel at the Royal Palace of Bourgeon.

    On 19 April 2016 Prince Jonathan and Princess Sofia had their first child, Prince Alexander. On 31 August 2017 The Prince Couple had their second child, Prince Gabriel.

  • Montenbourg legislation - how laws are made

    Some bills contain proposals for new legislation, requiring extensive deliberation and debate before a vote can be taken, while others consist of proposals for policy guidelines or major or minor amendments to existing laws. A growing proportion of legislation affecting Montenbourg is enacted by the European Union. Some of these laws apply directly, without prior sanction by the Riksdag, while others must be implemented in existing Montenbourg legislation before they can take effect.

    How laws are made

    Although most legislative proposals laid before the Riksdag (Montenbourg parliament) are initiated by the Government, some bills may be based on suggestions put forward by the Riksdag or by private citizens, special interest groups or public authorities.

    Before the Government can draw up a legislative proposal, the matter in question must be analysed and evaluated. The task may be assigned to officials from the ministry concerned, a commission of inquiry or a one-man committee. Inquiry bodies, which operate independently of the Government, may include or co-opt experts, public officials and politicians. The reports setting out their conclusions are published in the Montenbourg Government Official Reports series.

    Before the Government takes up a position on the recommendations of a commission of inquiry, its report is referred for consideration to the relevant bodies. These referral bodies may be central government agencies, special interest groups, local government authorities or other bodies whose activities may be affected by the proposals. This process provides valuable feedback and allows the Government to gauge the level of support it is likely to receive. If a number of referral bodies respond unfavourably to the recommendations, the Government may try to find an alternative solution.

    When the referral bodies have submitted their comments, the ministry responsible drafts the bill that will be submitted to the Riksdag. If the proposed law has important implications for private citizens or the welfare of the public, the Government should first refer the proposal to the Royal Council on Legislation to ensure that it does not conflict with existing legislation.

    Responsibility for approving all new or amended legislation lies with the Riksdag. Legislative proposals, whether proceeding from the Government or a private member, are dealt with by one of the parliamentary committees. Any of the Riksdag's members can table a counter-proposal to a bill introduced by the Government. Such a proposal is called a motion. If a motion is formally adopted in the Riksdag, the Government is bound to implement its provisions. When the committee has completed its deliberations, it submits a report and the bill is put to the chamber of the Riksdag for approval. If adopted, the bill becomes law. 

    After its successful passage through the Riksdag, the new law is formally promulgated by the Government. All new or amended laws are published in the Montenbourg Code of Statutes.

  • Montenbourg Royal: Garden Parties

    Over the course of each year, The King and Queen welcomes over 30,000 guests to spend a relaxed summer afternoon in the beautiful gardens of Bourgeon Palace. At each Garden Party, around 27,000 cups of tea, 20,000 sandwiches and 20,000 slices of cake are consumed! Garden Parties are an important way for The King and Queen to speak to a broad range of people from all walks of life, all of whom have made a positive impact in their community.

    Who is invited to a Garden Party?

    Every summer, The King hosts three Garden Parties at Bourgeon Palace. Historically, Garden Parties took the place of presentation parties attended by debutantes, and have evolved into a way of recognising and rewarding public service. 

    Throughout the country, a long established network of sponsors is used to invite guests, who include Lords, Ladies, Societies and Associations, Government Departments, Local Government, the Services, the Church and other Faiths.  They nominate guests for invitation and we hope in this way to achieve a representative cross section of the community.  It is not possible to acquire invitations to The King and Queen's Garden Parties through direct application to Bourgeon Palace.  

    What happens at a Garden Party?

    On the day of the Garden Party, the Palace gates are open from around 3pm. The Party officially begins when The King and Queen, accompanied by other Members of the Royal Family, enter the garden at 4pm, when the Royal National Anthem is played by one of the two military bands present.

    While the bands continue to play a selection of music, The King and Queen circulate among the guests through 'lanes'. Each takes a different route and random presentations are made so that everyone has an equal chance of speaking to Her Majesty and other Members of the Royal Family. The King and Queen then arrives at the Royal Tea Tent, where she meets further guests. Guests are free to eat, drink and stroll around the beautiful Palace gardens.

    What to Wear

    For a Garden Party, gentlemen wear morning dress or lounge suits, while women wear day dress, usually with hats or fascinators. National dress and uniform are also often worn.

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