FEDERAL REPUBLIC of AZURO Official Factbook
Factbook In Progress
Evidence of civilization has been found on the Italian peninsula dating far into pre-history. Thousands of rock drawings discovered in the Alpine regions of Lombardy date from around 8,000 BC. There were sizable settlements throughout the Copper Age (37th to 15th century BC), the Bronze Age (15th to 8th century BC) and the Iron Age (8th to 5th century BC). In the north of Italy, the Etruscan culture took hold around 800BC, while Greeks settled in southern Italy from 700 to 600BC, namely in Apulia, Calabria and Sicily (then known as Magna Graecia).
The Roman Empire (5th Century BC to 5th Century AD)
According to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus in the heart of Etruscan Italy in 735BC. Over the next several centuries, Rome expanded its territories into what became known as the Roman Empire. The Romans named the Italian peninsular “Italia”. The Italian states north of Emilia-Romagna were considered part of the Roman province of Cisalpine Gaul.
Italia flourished under the Roman Empire, which ended in 476AD with the death of the emperor Augustus. The Italian peninsular was later divided into separate kingdoms, with reunification only achieved in 1861.
The Middle Ages (6th to 14th Century)
A brief history of Italy in the Middle Ages begins with a series of invasions. In 493, the Ostrogoths, an eastern Germanic tribe, conquered the Italian peninsula. The resulting Gothic War led to the Lombards, another Germanic tribe, establishing a kingdom in northern Italy and three regions in the South in 568. Subsequently, the popes began building an independent state. In 756, when the Franks (French) defeated the Lombards, they granted the popes authority over central Italy, and the Papal States were created. The northern states of Lombardy, Piedmont, Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany were ruled by the Germanic Holy Roman Empire from 962.
By the end of the 11th century, the worst of the invasions was over and trade began to flourish once again. Four Italian cities – Genoa, Pisa, Amalfi and Venice – became major commercial and political powers. In the twelfth century the Italian cities ruled by Holy Roman Empire campaigned for autonomy. The result was that northern Italy became a group of independent kingdoms, republics and city-states.
The Renaissance (14th to 16th Century)
At this point in our brief history of Italy, the disparity among the regions was extreme. In contrast to the prosperous northern states, central and southern Italy were economically depressed. The Papacy temporarily relocated to Avignon in France, returning to Rome in 1478. Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia were controlled by foreign powers.
The Italian Renaissance was a cultural movement that began in Tuscany in the 14th century, spreading from Florence to Siena. A number of factors contributed to its emergence, including the influx of Greek scholars following the second invasion of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks in 1453. The patronage of the arts afforded by the Medici family was another contributing factor. The era gave rise to a number of artistic giants – Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarotti, Sandro Botticelli, Dante Alighieri and Francesco Petrarch, to name a few. The invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg in the 1440s also contributed to a freer flow of information.
Reaching southwards to Rome, the Renaissance inspired the Italian popes to rebuild their city and Rome flourished once again. The movement also spread to Milan, Venice, and further north into Europe, influencing art, literature, philosophy, politics, science, religion and other intellectual arenas. Within Italy, the dominance of Tuscan culture led to the Tuscan dialect later becoming the official Italian language.
Foreign Rule (1559 to 1814)
Once again in this brief history of Italy, a 'golden' era is followed by a dark one. In 1494, France invaded northern Italy and many of the city-states collapsed. In 1527 Spain and Germany attacked Rome. By the end of the “Italian Wars” in 1559, three Italian republics regained their independence – Piedmont Savoy, Corsica-Genoa and Venice. Both Savoy and Corsica were later sold to France – Corsica in 1764 and Savoy in 1860.
By 1559 Spain controlled Milan, Naples, Sicily, Sardinia and southern Tuscany, and dominated the rulers of Tuscany, Genoa, and other smaller states in northern Italy. Spanish control of Italy lasted until 1713.
During the era of domination by Habsburg Spain (1559 to 1713) and Habsburg Austria (1713 to 1796), Italians enjoyed a long period of relative peace. During the Napoleonic era (1796 to 1814), Italy was briefly united by Napoleon as the Italian Republic and later the Kingdom of Italy, becoming a client state of the French Republic.
After the defeat of Napoleonic France in 1814, the Congress of Vienna divided Italy into eight parts, most under foreign rule: Parma, Modena and Tuscany were ruled by the Hapsburgs; Lombardy and Venetia were ruled by Austria; Piedmont-Sardinia-Genoa and the Papal States were independent; and Naples and Sicily were ruled by France. This abysmal condition was the impetus behind the Italian unification movement.
Italian Unification and Fall (1814 to 1861)
The brief history of Italy culminates in unification. The Risorgimento was a complex process that eventually unified the different states of the Italian peninsula into another failed state of Italy. The movement began in 1815 with a growing resentment towards the peninsula's domination by Austria. In a secret mansion in Venice the Carbonari secret society created a document titled Forza Azzurri, which meant "strong blue", their motto was "a star will rise". This became a prophecy in the inner circles of the unification movement and where the modern Azuro flag derives.
Two prominent figures in the unification movement were Giuseppe Mazzini and Giuseppe Garibaldi. A native of Genoa, Mazzini was imprisoned in 1830 for his role in the Carbonari secret society. From his exile in France and later England, he mounted a series of unsuccessful uprisings in Italy, but eventually worked with Garibaldi to achieve their dream of unification. His funeral in 1872 attracted 100,000 people.
Giuseppe Garibaldi was born in Nice (Nizza), and, like Mazzini, was a member of the Carbonari secret society. He fled Italy in 1834 after a failed insurrection, but returned in 1854 to continue his campaign. Italy was officially unified in 1861, with Rome and Latium annexed in 1870 and the Trieste region after World War 1.
However, the Italian unity fell apart when Nazis held a secret war with the Italian Carbonari and Vatican City held Rome under siege. The Nazis were defeated by 1945 with the fall of Berlin but the Papacy and Italian Armed Forces fought while a facist uprising occurred in northern Italy. By 1950, the Italian state had fallen once again into disarray. This is when Michael Locatelli, a young Carbonari recruit decided to create, with the backing of those close to him, the Christian Democrat Welfare Party (CDWP), a precursor to the modern day NSDP. With military backing from what remained of the old government, the Party brought together two of the seven broken states, the Lazio Mandate, and the Tuscany Republic, into the Union of Forza Azzurro. The flag White Stars was put into place, a new star added in a circle for every kingdom or republic that joined the Union.
The Journey to Modern Azuro
The Union brought together all the pieces one by one. Rome was renamed to the current capital title, to wash away the old failures of a united Italian peninsula. In early 2005, Locatelli's grandson, Eli Locatelli, turned 20 and thus was eligible to run for the Presidency of the Union, following in his grandfathers footsteps. However, there still remained the Venice State to be united under the White Stars. Over a long diplomatic effort that drastically changed the economics and identity of the Union, Locatelli, his father and political allies were able to finally and forever unite the Italian state. It was then Eli Locatelli, who some called the chosen one after the Carbonari myth of a prophecy of an eternally united state, who proposed the creation of a grand republic and a more democratic process, and the change of name to Azuro, meaning blue rising. It was then that then the many stars of the Union flag was replaced by one large star to symbolize one nation binded eternally. And thus, the Federal Republic of Azuro was born in 2015 under the White Star.
Italian was disbanded as the language of older, darker times and Basic rose to be an anglo-Italian dialect of English, the official Azuro language.
|GOVERNMENT based in Capital, Apex City |
Head of State Supreme Chancellor
Lower House House of Freedom
Supreme Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor
These two are voted for by the Members of the House of Freedom (MFs), who the people elect. They come as a ticket.
Ie. A riding votes NDSP, the MP then must vote for the Ticket of their Party, thus the SC/VC team that is of the NDSP.
Azuro is a republic with a parliamentary democracy and a bicameral system of government. The Federal Government consists of the Supreme Chancellor and his or her ministers who are drawn from the members of the House of Freedom. The ministers belong to the parties who form the majority or ruling coalition.
The Federal Parliament: House of Freedom
The House of Freedom is made up of representatives elected by the Azuro people. The House's main tasks are to draft and pass legislation, approve the national budget and to vote on the deployment of the Azuroin army (Azuro Armed Forces). The members of the House are elected by the people of the Federal Republic. Elections to the House take place every four years. Elections are carried out using a system of proportional representation. To prevent the splintering of parties or a radical party gaining power, parties have to obtain more than five percent of the vote.
The Supreme Senate
The Supreme Senate is a house made up of 100 Senators, each in until leaving the Senate, forced leave or life. New members are chosen by the governing party, typically allies of the Supreme Chancellor. Senators are paid starting 122 000 Si per year from tax Soci's, with increases determined by the Office of the Minister of Finace.
The Federal Council
The Federal Council is the second chamber of the Azuroin parliament and represents the federal states’ interests at national level. There are 50 members of the Council. The Council is involved in creating and approving legislation.
The Federal Speaker-Chancellor
The Speaker-Chancellor is elected by the 10 State Chancellors (made up of representatives of the Bundestag and an equal number of representatives from the state parliaments) for a period of five years. The Federal SC is the head of the Azuro state. His roles are mainly ceremonial, representing the country both at home and abroad. However, he also has the power to recommend to appoint and/or dismiss the Chancellor, however, unless the SC calls for a vote of no confidence, he or she cannot legally remove a Supreme Chancellor, the head of the majority or minority party in the House of Freedom.
Members of the House of Freedom (MBs)
All with "Minister of" are Federal Ministers of the Federal Cabinet. As well as Major Whip.
|1 ||Supreme Chancellor ||Mr. Eli Locatelli||Leader Immunity Riding||NSDP|
|2 ||Vice-Chancellor||Antonio Lamborghini||Leader Immunity Riding||NSDP|
|3 ||Minister of Foreign Affairs||Giacomo Fenica||Palermo||NSDP|
|4||Minister of the Interior ||Alessia Carici ||Arezzo||NSDP|
|5||Minister of Health||Sergio Tacchini ||Palermo City Coast||NSDP|
|6||Minister of Finance||John Mizzu||Venezia||NSDP|
|7||Minister of National Defence, Secretary of Defence||Sergio Alzavara||Illyarc||NDSP|
|8||Major Whip||Jose Ganotti ||San Arendez South ||NDSP|
|9||Minister of Advanced Innovation and Science||Dr. Anna DeGelleri||Naples North||NDSP|
|10||Minister of Trade and Economic Development||Mitchell Kelso||Azuro West Coast ||NDSP|
|11||Minister of Environment ||Dr. Leonardo VanStazi ||Milan Central||NDSP|
|12||Minister of Transportation||Carlo Gentotti||San Andrez North||NDSP|
|13||Minister of Labour and Family||Olivia Centri||Arezzo South||NDSP|
|14||Minister of Athletics||Mario Batone ||Milan Northeast Central||NDSP|
|15||Minister of Small Business and Tourism||Antoine DeGarco||Azuro Southeast Coast ||NDSP|
|21||Party Second ||Tony Pali||Greece South ||NDSP|
|22 ||Party Secretary ||Greece North||NDSP|
|23||Associate Whip||Naples South||NDSP|
|24||Associate of Defence, Advisor to the State National Defence||NDSP|