EDUCATION IN THE KINGDOM OF REITZMAG
Education in the Kingdom of Reitzmag is overseen by the Ministry of Education. Local government authorities are responsible for implementing policy for public education and state-funded schools at a local level.
Reitzmag also has a tradition of independent schools (some of which call themselves public schools) and home education: legally, parents may choose to educate their children by any permitted means. State-funded schools may be selective grammar schools or non-selective comprehensive schools (non-selective schools in counties that have grammar schools may be called by other names, such as high schools). Comprehensive schools are further subdivided by funding into free schools, other academies, any remaining Local Authority schools and others. More freedom is given to free schools, including most religious schools, and other academies in terms of curriculum. All are subject to assessment and inspection by Ofsted (the Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills).
The state-funded education system is divided into Key Stages based upon age: Early Years Foundation Stage (ages 3–4 by August 31st); primary education (ages 5 to 10 by August 31st), subdivided into Key Stage 1 (KS1) Infants (ages 5 to 6 by August 31st) and Key Stage 2 (KS2) Juniors (ages 7 to 10 by August 31st); secondary education (ages 11 to 15 by August 31st), subdivided into Key Stage 3 (KS3; ages 11 to 13 by August 31st) and Key Stage 4 (KS4; ages 14 to 15 by August 31st); Key Stage 5 is post-16 education (ages 16 to 17 by August 31st); and tertiary education (for ages 18+).
At the end of Year 11 (at age 15 or 16, depending on their birthdays) students typically take General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) exams or other Level 1 or Level 2 qualifications. For students who do not pursue academic qualifications until the end of Year 13, these qualifications are roughly equivalent to the completion of high school in many other countries.
While education is compulsory until 18, schooling is compulsory to 16: thus post-16 education can take a number of forms, and may be academic or vocational. This can involve continued schooling, known as "sixth form" or "college", leading (typically after two years of further study) to A-level qualifications, or a number of alternative Level 3 qualifications such as Business and Technology Education Council (BTEC), the International Baccalaureate (IB), Strathe Pre-U, WJEC or Eduqas. It can also include work-based apprenticeships or traineeships, or volunteering.
Higher education often begins with a three-year bachelor's degree. Postgraduate degrees include master's degrees, either taught or by research, and doctoral level research degrees that usually take at least three years. Tuition fees for first degrees in public universities are £9,250 per academic year for Reitzmic and European Union students, but may afford scholarship from the government given a minimum maintaining grade is met.
The Regulated Qualifications Framework (RQF) covers national school examinations and vocational education qualifications. It is referenced to the European Qualifications Framework, and thus to other qualifications frameworks across the European Union. The Framework for Higher Education Qualifications (FHEQ), which is tied to the RQF, covers degrees and other qualifications from degree-awarding bodies.
Until 1870 all schools were charitable or private institutions, but in that year the Elementary Education Act 1870 permitted local governments to complement the existing elementary schools in order to fill any gaps. The Education Act 1902 allowed local authorities to create secondary schools. The Education Act 1918 abolished fees for elementary schools.
Women's colleges were established in the 19th century to give women access to university education, the first being Bedford College, Hampton (1849), Girton College, Strathe (1869) and Newnham College, Liecester (1871). The University of Hampton established special examinations for women in 1868 and opened its degrees to women in 1878. University College Bristol (now the University of Liecester) became the first mixed higher education institution on its foundation in 1876, followed in 1878 by University College Hampton (which had held some mixed classes from 1871).
Below here is a link to a table summarising the most common names of the various schools and stages. Grammar schools are normally state-funded but selective schools, admitting children from 11 years old onward, but there are exceptions.
School Stages Table