Approved Proposals: The New Constitution Riseth



  • The Constitution of the European Union

    Preamble:

    We, the sovereign nations of the European Union, in order to forge more cohesive bonds between our peoples, to safeguard peace and improve diplomatic relations, to advance achievements of humanity, to promote democracy and good governance, to flourish in economic prosperity, to guarantee liberty and equality, forever united in diversity, establish this Constitution of the European Union.

    Article I: The European Union

    Section 1: The European Union

    (Definition)
    1. The European Union is a supranational organization including all representatives of all states that choose to enter it.

    (Boundaries)
    2. The boundaries of the European Union are defined as the boundaries of all the member-states of the European Union.

    (Capital)
    3. The capital of the European Union is situated in the Free City of Europolis. Europolis is a sovereign and neutral political entity, created to host the institutions and representatives of the European Union.

    (Lack of Bias)
    4. The European Union has no official language and no official religion, recognising its multicultural nature and the lack of bias towards any tongue, civilisation, religion, or sexuality.

    (Language)
    5. English is the preferred language for the European Union?s official documents, records, and other administrative functions.

    (Flag)
    6. The flag of the European Union is a navy blue rectangle-shaped cloth with twelve golden stars arranged in a circle at its centre. The official flag ratio is 1 by 2 metres.

    (Anthem)
    7. The anthem of the European Union, to be played in all official occasions, is "Te Deum" by M.A. Charpentier.

    (Sovereignty)
    8. Member-states of the European Union retain absolute sovereignty over their own affairs except where provided by this Constitution and legislation passed by the European Council that is not in conflict with this Constitution.

    (Warfare)
    9. The European Union can declare war as a single entity against a foreign region with a super majority in the European Council and 3/5 in the European Commission. The Commission's approval must include that of the Premier Commissioner.

    Section 2: Membership in the European Union

    (Entry)
    1. All states are free to join the European Union. No approval is necessary.

    (Withdrawal)
    2. All states are free to leave the European Union, either temporarily or permanently. Intent to leave must be declared in writing in order to take effect. Withdrawing a European Councillor temporarily does not constitute withdrawal from the European Union.

    (Re-Entry)
    3. All states are free to re-enter the European Union. However, a withdrawn state cannot re-enter the European Union during the same term of the European Commission that was governing on the date that it withdrew. The European Council has the power to grant an exception and approve a withdrawn state's re-entry at any time with a super majority.

    Article II: The European Council

    Section 1: The European Council

    (Definition)
    1. The European Council is the sole and supreme legislative body of the European Union.

    (Membership)
    2. Each member-state has the right to one Councillor. Each councillor is equal and has the same rights. Each Councillor has one vote and can only represent one member-state. Each Councillor must be a citizen or legal resident of the member-state they represent. No Councillor may serve concurrently as a Commissioner or Justice.

    (Freedom of Speech)
    3. All views can be voiced in the European Council.

    Section 2: Powers of the European Council

    (Acts)
    1. The European Council has supreme legislative initiative to create statutory law (Acts) in the European Union. An Act must garner a simple majority of those present to pass.

    (Amendments)
    2. The European Council has sole right to amend anything that has previously been passed into European Law. An amendment must garner a simple majority of those present to pass.

    (Repeals)
    3. The European Council has sole right to repeal anything that has previously been passed into European Law. A repeal must garner a simple majority of those present to pass.

    (Statements)
    4. The European Council may issue non-binding statements to express the opinion of the Council. A statement must garner a simple majority of those present to pass.

    (Discussions)
    5. The European Council may discuss regional affairs with no specific course of action. A Councillor may may move to turn the discussion into a type of proposal at any time. If seconded, it then becomes a proposal, subject to the relevant voting procedures. Alternatively, a Councillor may move to table the discussion at any time.

    (Impeachment)
    6. The European Council may hold a vote of no-confidence in the Council Speaker, European Commission, European Court of Justice, or any member thereof. Such a proposal must garner a super majority of those present to pass. If such a proposal passes against the Commission or Court, the relevant entity is dissolved immediately and an interim election must be held. If such a proposal passes against a Commissioner, Justice, or Council Speaker, that person must resign immediately and an interim election must be held.

    Section 3: Voting in the European Council

    (Proposal Phase)
    1. An act, amendment, repeal, statement, or impeachment is proposed by a Councillor.

    (Debate Phase)
    2. Councillors then debate the proposal for 96 hours. During this period, unless the proposal is a repeal or impeachment, amendments may be proposed by any Councillor, to be adopted at the discretion of the presenter of the proposal.

    (Voting Phase)
    3. Councillors then vote on the proposal for 72 hours. The proposal is to be voted on in its whole form and may not be changed during the voting phase. Each vote must be announced in public and is permanent once cast. Proposals requiring a simple majority to pass must garner 55% approval of those present. Proposals requiring a super majority to pass must garner 75% approval of those present.

    (Results)
    4. In accordance with the majorities set in the Voting Phase, the proposal is judged to have either passed or been defeated. If passed, the proposal is put into force. Passed proposals are binding upon all member-states.

    Section 4: Speaker of the European Council

    (Role of the Speaker)
    1. The Speaker is a councillor responsible for presiding over sessions of the European Council and moderating the legislative process. The Speaker is the official record-keeper of the European Council and is responsible for managing its statistical productions.

    (Powers)
    2. The Speaker may call the opening and closing of debating and voting phases in the European Council, set what constitutes a valid vote in accordance with the Constitution, and count the votes when a voting phase has ended. The Speaker may delegate these responsibilities to any councillor, or defer to the presenter of a proposal. The Speaker may extend Council proceedings if deemed suitable, however, no phase of the legislative process may be shortened and this power cannot be delegated.

    (Mediation)
    3. The Speaker shall act as a mediator if a councillor lodges an official complaint against another councillor. The process for hearing complaints and coming to a decision is up to the discretion of the Speaker. Mediation responsibilities cannot be delegated.

    (Election)
    4. The Speaker is elected for a period of eighteen months with unlimited terms. There is a 7 day period for nominations and debate, followed by a 7 day period for voting. Voting shall follow the X? system.

    Article III: The European Commission

    Section 1: Definition of the European Commission

    (Definition)
    1. The European Commission is the executive authority of the European Union. The European Commission consists of five democratically elected commissioners, elected by the European Council.

    (Terms)
    2. The term for the Commission shall last four months. No country may have a citizen or national of itself elected for more than two consecutive terms.

    (Membership)
    3. Commissioners do not represent nor are they related to any government of the European Union. Each Commissioner must be from a separate country.

    Section 2: Duties of the European Commission

    The European Commission is charged with the following duties:

    1. Managing the Offices of the Premier Commissioner, Defense & Peacekeeping, Internal Affairs, Foreign Affairs, and Economics, as well as their subsequent duties as outlined in the following articles.

    2. Enforcement of European Council decisions to the member states.

    Section 3: Election Procedures

    (Nationality of Candidates)
    1. Any nation may put forward as many candidates as it wishes, but only the most successful candidate from each nation is eligible for election.

    (Timeframe)
    2. The nomination period shall last one week, to be followed by a one week period in which debates shall be held, in turn to be followed by one week of voting.

    (Voting)
    3. Voters rank in order of preference as many candidates as they wish.

    (Counting, STV)
    4. The five members of the next Commission shall be elected using the Single Transferable Vote system, using the Droop Quota.

    (Counting, AV)
    5. The Premier Commissioner shall be elected from those five successful candidates using the Alternative Vote system.

    (Tie-Breaking)
    6. In either system, ties shall be broken by determining the proportion of each candidates? votes that are first preferences, with the candidate with the highest proportion winning the tie. If that is tied, then the process shall be repeated for the next-highest preference. If the candidates are tied for all preferences, then the tie shall be broken by a coin toss.

    (Inauguration)
    7. The new Commission shall be sworn in and replace the old Commission the next day.

    Section 4: Decision-Making in the European Commission

    (Vacancies)
    1. The European Commission may replace the Premier Commissioner or members lost as a result of a vote of no-confidence. Such a motion requires a nomination and election of candidates as outlined in Article III Section 3.

    (Replacement)
    2. The Premier Commissioner may change with a sixty percent majority of the Commission voting for. The change is followed by a vote of approval by the European Council to confirm their support for the new Premier Commissioner.

    (Majority)
    3. Any decision made by the European Commission requires a sixty percent majority of the Commissioners.

    Article IV: The European Court of Justice

    Article V: Amending the European Constitution

    =================================
    Declaration of post-vote changes to this compilation:

    1. Re-euro-ization of terms (center ---> centre)

    2. Proposal, Debate, and Voting (Clause ---> Phase)

    3. Term replacement (have ---> garner)

    4. "Clause" stripped from clauses (Results Clause ---> Results)

    5. "No-Confidence" ---> (Impeachment). Impeachment == motion of no-confidence == vote of no-confidence, but is a better way to say the general concept since it can also serve as a verb. Both "motion of" and "vote of" are misnomers, since when someone proposes impeachment, it must go through debate and voting as usual. It need not be seconded like with Discussions.

    6.


 

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