Bellicas, The Commonwealth of



  • The Commonwealth of Bellicas
    Introduction
    Background:
    Founded in 1218 as a loose martial confederation between three seemingly insignificant nations it was soon joined by other adjacent nations. By 1332 the confederation had grown to a previously unfathomable size, consisting of an astonishing seventeen members. Over time the nation endured several revolutions resulting in a rough baseline for the government it is today; a parliamentary elective constitutional monarchy. Up until recently the Commonwealth has stayed attempted to stay rather isolationist and neutral in all international disputes, some would say they have been mired in their conservative/monarchist ways until the most recent string of liberal-winning elections.

    History:
    1418: The Confederacy of Bellicas was founded as a defense syndicate between several small nation-states.
    1650: The Confederacy of Bellicas became the Grand Duchy of Bellicas, entering into full union under the banner of nobleman Alta du Sella and his wife Servilia du Sella naming the two Grand Duke and Grand Duchess of Bellicas.
    1782: Popularly decided via petition to remove the monarchy and accepted by Grand Duke Alexander II du Sella stating that upon the drafting of a new form of government he would step down.
    1782: A national convention was called to draft new government. Ultimately failed.
    1784: A second national convention was called to attempt another draft. Grand Duke Alexander II was invited to this one.
    1785: Grand Duke Alexander II died after a period of illness ending the legality of the petition for a new government.
    1798: A second petition was presented to the du Sella family, Grand Duchess Isabelle du Sella who refused to acknowledge it. Despite this a third national convention was held but it too failed to reach consensus.
    1800: Grand Duchess Isabelle announced that she would step down if a draft of a new government could be achieved.
    1801: A fourth national convention was held and a consensus was reached.
    1802: The Republic of Bellicas was formed and the du Sella family was peacefully deposed and allowed to remain in the nation.
    1842: The Republic fell into corruption and a coalition of aristocrats attempted to seize control of the nation.
    1843: The du Sella and other noble families leave Bellicas in fear of future retaliation.
    1845: The coalition succeeded in gaining control of the Republic but was the participants were quickly exiled or executed (records are scarce for this time).
    1848: A form of mob rule was briefly in place, commonly referred to as the Wars of Terror.
    1851: Val Auro Set (The Golden City, the royal capital) was sacked and the palace burned to the ground although the culprits? identity remains a mystery to this day.
    1860: A group of patricians and plebeians attempt to reorganize the nation and reinstate the Republic but the New Republic only lasts a few years.
    1868: A second coalition of patricians returns to the nation and take control over it. However, this triggers infighting between them. This period is known as the Reign of Bloods/Bloodlines.
    1871: Another revolution takes place deposing the feuding aristocratic families.
    1872: The du Sella family is requested to return to Bellicas to aid in the structuring of a new government.
    1874: After a lengthy period of contemplation the du Sella family wearily returns to sit amongst the members of the fifth national convention.
    1877: September 14, 1877 the Charter of the Commonwealth of Bellicas was signed by all members of the convention and the date declared Assertion Day, which is now a national holiday (equivalent to Independence Day in other nations).

    Geography
    _Location: _
    Central European Union

    _Climate: _
    Temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers.

    _Terrain: _
    Mostly mountains to the west and northwest, sandy coasts to the east and rocky coasts to the southeast with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes.

    _Natural Resources: _
    Hydroelectric power potential, natural gas, salt, sand and gravel, minimal arable land.

    _Natural Hazards: _
    Avalanches and flashfloods.

    People and Society
    _Nationality: _
    Noun- Bellis (Bell-eez)
    Adjective- Bellisio / Bellisia (Bell-eez-ee-oh / Bell-eez-ee-ah)

    Religions:
    Roman Catholic- 58.6%
    Protestant- 16.3%
    Atheist- 8.3%
    Jewish- 7.4%
    Muslim- 7.3%
    Unspecified- 2.1%

    _Population: _
    1,200,000

    _Urbanization: _
    Urban Population- 68% of total population
    Rate of Urbanization- 1.48% annual rate of change (2000-2010)

    Major Cities (By Population):
    Zure (in Val Sai) 28,642
    Val Auro Set (in Val Auro) 26,012
    Alm Set (in Alm) 20,309
    Val Roe (in Val Sai) 18,823
    Auro Saetai (in Val Auro) 12,667

    Government
    Country Name:
    Long Form- The Commonwealth of Bellicas
    Short Form- Bellicas
    Bellisia Longue Fora- Val Dinenimcommim du Bellicas
    Bellisia Petta Fora- Val Dincom / Bell

    _Government Type: _
    Parliamentary elective constitutional monarchy

    The modern Charter outlines the national Head of State being the Grand Duke/Duchess, a figurehead elected for life by the Noble Families, and the Head of Government being the Chancellor, a popularly elected head of the Assembly.

    Capital:
    Val Auro Set (val or-oh set)(The Gold City), The ?Royal? (official) Capital as outlined in the Charter (de jure)
    Auro Saetai (or-oh sah-tay)(Gold Star), the seat of government (de facto)

    Administrative Divisions:
    17 Provinces (alphabetical)-
    Alm (primarily tourism)
    Aumste (primarily tourism)
    Auro (primarily mining)
    Bront (primarily farming)
    Cain (primarily wines)
    Dai (primarily wines/tourism)
    Einfolste (primarily finance/tourism)
    Maende (primarily farming)
    Par Maende (primarily farming)
    Pol (primarily ports/fishing)
    Val Auro (primarily governance/tourism)
    Val Forai (primarily tourism)
    Val Mont (primarily tourism)
    Val Roy (primarily mining)
    Val Sai (primarily ports)
    Vede (primarily ports)
    Zede (primarily ports)

    National Holidays:
    Assertion Day, September 14 (1877)
    Archduchy Day, April 1
    Standard Day, July 1

    Legal System:
    Civil Law

    Suffrage:
    18 years of age, universal (Individual Provinces may dispute this in the High Court but none have done so, accepting tradition/the Assembly?s federal decision)

    Executive Branch:
    The Grand Duchy
    Head of State- Grand Duke Ulrich du Sella, wife Grand Duchess Alexandra du Sella

    The Chancery
    Head of Government- Chancellor Veronica Blanc

    Cabinet- Vice Chancellor, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Internal Affairs, Minister of Communication, Minister of Technology, Minister of Transportation, Minister of Education, Minister of Finance, Minister of Civics, Minister of Provincial Relations, Minister of Defense

    -Note- The Chancellor may add or remove Ministries as he/she chooses and The Assembly may undo his/her decision within six months of the action with a simple majority vote.

    European Union
    While the Chancellor serves as the national delegate within the European Union tradition holds that the opposition party is allowed to select the Europarty for the nation. This, in theory, promotes cooperation between the Majority Party and Opposition Party; however, if the Chancellor is a member of the Opposition Party, after legislative elections, the Grand Duke/Duchess holds the authority to name the delegate and Europarty, as established by High Court Case 12602, President Chirac vs. Chancellor Schwab.

    **European Union- European Council **
    -National Party- Christian Coalition
    -Party Leader- Veronica Blanc, Chancellor
    -Party Representative- Veronica Blanc, Chancellor

    Europarty- Party of European Socialists & Democrats
    -National Party- Social Democrats
    -Party Leader- Calum du Forgia, President of the Assembly
    -Party Representative- Augustus Pontius

    Legislative Branch:
    The Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Commonwealth of Bellicas. It is comprised of two Councilors from each province who hold their official offices of governance in the seat of government, Auro Saetai (or-oh sah-tay), Gold Star.

    Judicial Branch:
    The High Court consists of six associate Justices and one Chief Justice. The High Court possesses judicial review as granted by Chancery Order 88067 in 1915 and reaffirmed by Royal Decree 1207 in 1936.

    _Elections: _
    -The Grand Duke/Duchess is elected 24 hours after the death or abdication of the previous Grand Duke/Duchess.
    -The Chancellor holds office indefinitely, unless removed by the Assembly or the Party he/she belongs to (if they are also Head of the Party) through a Vote of No Confidence or he/she chooses to step down.
    -The Chancellor may remove cabinet members at any time, although the Assembly must approve appointments.
    -The Assembly is elected every four years unless the Grand Duke/Duchess, at the advice of his/her Privy Council or the Chancellor or his/her Cabinet, calls for early elections.
    -The President of the Assembly is elected from within the Assembly and approved by the Chancellor and/or the Grand Duke/Duchess every two years.
    -The Chief of Justice and Justices are appointed for six-year terms by the Grand Duke/Duchess and approved by the Chancellor and/or the Assembly.

    Political Parties:
    **Christian Coalition (CC) **
    -Holds a majority of the seats in the Assembly and the Chancellor is a member and the Head of the Party.
    Social Democrats (SD)
    -In coalition with the Labor Party and the Green Party, holding the second most seats in the Assembly.
    Labor Party (LP)
    -In coalition with the Social Democrats and the Green Party, holding the third most seats in the Assembly.
    Nationalist Party (NP)
    -In coalition with the Conservative Party and the Libertarian Party, holding the fourth most seats in the Assembly.
    Conservative Party (CP)
    -In coalition with the Nationalist Party and the Libertarian Party, holding the fifth most seats in the Assembly.
    **Libertarian Party (Lib) **
    -In coalition with the Nationalist Party and the Conservative Party, holding no seats in the Assembly.
    Green Party (GP)
    -In coalition with the Social Democrats and the Labor Party, holding no seats in the Assembly.
    Monarchists (Mon)
    -In coalition with the Charterists, holding no seats in the Assembly.
    Charterists (Char/Char Par)
    -In coalition with the Monarchists, holding no seats in the Assembly.

    Economy
    Currency:
    Ein set din (singular) / setti dinni (plural)
    One city gold / city?s gold

    Currency Exchange Rate:
    1 set din = $1.0591

    _Unemployment Rate: _
    3.53%

    Agricultural Products:
    Grapes, barley, oats, potatoes, wheat, fruits; dairy and livestock products

    Industries:
    Agro industries, machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, fishin, tourism, banking and insurance


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