Tricameral Form of Government

  • The Security Council (Executive Body)
    The European Parliament (Legislative Body)
    The European Court of Justice (Judicial Body)

    Now we intend that our European Union function through three principal interlinking institutions that have the following functions:

    The Security Council (Executive Body)

    The Security Council is made up of five members that have been elected duly through the democratic voting process. It defines the general political guidelines of the European Union. It sets out its general guidelines and political priorities, taking account of Parliament's recommendations and resolutions. The Security Council holds Executive powers.
    On important questions such as amending the treaties, launching a new common policy or allowing a new country to join the Union, the Council has to agree unanimously

    1.) The Security Council is the European Union organ to which we, the members of the EU, entrust the primary responsibility for the maintenance of inter-regional peace and security of the member nations of the union.

    2.) The Security Council is the European Union organ to which we, the members of the EU, entrust with the primary responsibility for the safety and security of the EU member nations.

    The European Council has become a major media event, since its members are all well-known public figures and some of the issues they debate can be highly contentious. It also discusses current world problems. Its aim is to speak with one voice on international issues, developing common policy.

    The European Parliament (Legislative Body)

    The European Parliament is the Community institution that represents the peoples of the Member States of the European Union. Its President directs its activities and acts as its representative. The European Parliament is made up of all EU Members States of the European Union. The Parliament holds Legislative powers. It is largely responsible for managing the EU's common policies, such as research, development aid, regional policy, etc. It also manages the budget for these policies. The Security Council is answerable to Parliament, and the entire Council has to resign if Parliament passes a motion of censure (no confidence) against it (This requires a two thirds majority).

    The Members of the European Parliament sit in political groups - they are not organised by nationality, but by political affiliation. There are currently six political parties in the European Parliament:

    • Communist Party of the European Union
    • European Democratic Conservative Union
    • European Democrats & United Right Alliance
    • European Liberal Party
    • European Socialist Party (Democratic Socialists)
    • European Social Democrats

    With hopes to establish:

    • European Green Party

    All member nations are represented by an MEP or a Member of the European Parliament who exercise their mandate in an independent fashion depending on the wishes of the nation's people. The position adopted by the political group is arrived at by discussion within the group. No MEP can be forced to vote in a particular way.

    Parliament gives its opinion on all draft directives and regulations proposed by the Security Council, the proposal can be amended to take account of Parliament?s opinion. Parliament is a driving force in European politics. It is the EU's primary debating chamber, a place where the political and national viewpoints of all the member states meet and mix. So Parliament quite naturally gives birth to a good many policy initiatives.

    The European Court of Justice (Judicial Body)

    The ECJ is the guardian of the directives and regulations adopted by the Security Council. Its job is to be the court of last resort and it tends to make its decisions based upon the perceived intentions of the legislators, rather than just the letter of the law. Only one judgement is given and no dissenting views are published. The court's decisions are final and take immediate effect, unless the ECJ has been called upon to advise a national court on points of legal interpretation.

    It can find any EU member state guilty of failing to fulfil its obligations under passed legislation. It can check whether EU laws have been properly enacted and it can find the European Parliament or the Security Council guilty of failing to act as required. The [Articles of the European Union][6] explicitly allow the ECJ to check whether EU legislation respects the fundamental rights of EU citizens and to give rulings on questions of personal freedom and security.


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