The Confederacy Of Bulgarian Communes
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POPULATION 9 million; rapidly expanding
GOVERNMENTAL SYSTEM Confederacy Of Free Communes
LOCATION Eastern Europe, bordering on the Medditerenean Sea
NATURAL RESOURCES Bauxite, copper, zinc, coal, timber, arable land, gold, oil
MAIN EXPORTS Grain, wheat, vegetables and fruit, rose oil, dairy products, synthetic products, consumer goods, textiles, machine tools, small arms, computers, medicinal and pharmaceutical products
ENERGY 26% Nuclear Power (AEZ Belene; Kozloduy closed down in 2004); 22% Combustables (TEZ Ruse mainly) 52% Renewable Power (broken down as follows: 24% Solar; 25% Hydroelectric; 3% Wind); self-sufficient and an exporter of energy
INDUSTRY Based on a number of light industries, Bulgaria produces computers and hardware and has an advanced synthetics, silicon, rubber and plastics based industries, as well as consumer goods. Its heavy industry centres mainly on the production of steel products, oil refining, sulphur and sodium extraction, mining and tyre production, ship building.
AGRICULTURE Completely self sufficient in terms of grain, vegetables and livestock, Bulgaria is a net exporter of such goods, which form a massive part of its trade.
RELIGION 22% Bulgarian Orthodox, 4% Muslim, 65% Secular Humanism, 9% Other
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE Bulgarian
CURRENCY N/A (_lev _for international trade; fixed at a rate of 1 Lev per 1 Euro)
OFFICIAL HOLIDAYS 1st May (Labour and Revolution Day); 24th May (St. Cyrill and Methodius); 10th November (Dissolution of Bulgarian State); 3rd March (Independence Day)
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION 28 Regions - Blagoevgrad, Burgas, Dobrich, Gabrovo, Haskovo, Kardzhali, Kyustendil, Lovech, Montana, Pazardzhik, Pernik, Pleven, Plovdiv, Razgrad, Ruse, Shumen, Silistra, Sliven, Smolyan, Sofia City, Sofia Province, Stara Zagora, Targovishte, Varna, Veliko Tarnovo, Vidin, Vratsa, Yambol
The Bulgarian society is unique in the way it is structured. Its main ideology is that of libertarian socialism, or more commonly known as communist anarchism and anarcho-syndicalism. It advocated a federation of decentralised communes, grassroots democracy and non-hierarchial social relations. Politics and organisation is conducted by workers' and locals' councils. Each populated place has a council to determine local matters and also elect delegates (which are elected by direct democracy of everyone over 16, serve temporary and fixed mandates, usuall of one year, are directly re-callable, and represent the views of people on a special issue) to regional and national councils. This prevents a bureaucratisation and insitutionalisation of councils and posts, preventing a ruling clique from forming. Workplaces are organised by workers' councils based on the same principle, who elect delegates to national trade councils which determine the economic policy of the Confederacy. Thus, there are workers' councils and citizens' councils to determine issues of both national and local importance.
This direct democracy is made easier thanks to Bulgaria's large computer production capabilities (the Pravetz computer). Each household has a console that allows most votes to be done electronically. Thus, the Confederacy operates one of the most secure networks in the world (ECHELON) to protect this sensative practice.
The CBC does not have currency since the end of 1984, and thus its GDP cannot be measured in conventional terms. Many people have thus labelled the economy as weak, which is misguiding. Based on communist principles, it works on the "From each according to his ability, to each according to his need" basis. Ideas of mutual aid, co-operation and decision, so derided by other states, have turned to be workable. Observers state that Bulgarians enjoy one of the highest standards of living around.
The economic structure owes much to Kropotkin's ideas, based on the industrialised village. Advanced agrarian methods have led Bulgaria to becoming self-sufficient and a great exporter of food stuffs. The industry is tailored to decentralisation, with regional specialisations, and many villages sport workshops and small factories. The Bulgarian landscape is thus dotted with a variety of industry. About 90% of the land is collectivised. Each farmer is allowed a private plot.
Private property is abolished (except in agriculture - see above). The principle is "You own your watch, but you don't own the watch factory."
Tourism plays a massive role in the Bulgarian economy, with sea resorts, ski resorts and increasingly eco and cultural tourism playing a large role in the country.
Bulgaria also produces a rich array of computers, electronics (for civilian and military uses), and in BALKANPHARMA has one of the biggest pharmaceutial concerns in the world, tailored to medicinal research and production.
Bulgaria is a tax haven - no tax is levied on corporations that base in Sofia. However, they are subject to prior scrutiny for ethical conduct, before they are allowed to base on Bulgarian soil.
Bulgaria trades heavily with the outside world. It has an impressively large merchant fleet which stands at around 1.2 million tonnes.
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
Following Bookchin's theory of "Social Ecology" Bulgaria is the only country in the world to produce over half of its energy from renewable sources and just over a fifth of its energy from combustable fuels. This has led to the reversal of environmental damage since Leninist years. Bulgaria has 7 nature reserves and a wide variety of wildlife. The bear population, for example, has returned to being the biggest in Europe. Air pollution has markedly decreased too, leading to less respiratory diseases.
Society is based on a communal principle, aiming to thus allow the full expression of induvidual need. With the elimination of surplus value, workdays are often around 6 hours long. Society is tolerant, and race, sexuality, religion, gender and other traits are generally not an issue.
Education is tailored to Ferrer's Free School system, allowing schools to be run by councils of students and teachers, and giving a large choice to students as to what they study. Technical education is encouraged to give students a sound practical base to complement the theoretical base.
There are 46 insitutions of higher educations (universities, military academies etc), all based on the same principle.
The political involvement of all the populace has led to the majority of the population being extremelly aware and active.
Bulgarian culture, freed from the confines of the state, has flourished. Music and art have achieved international attention, as many people turn to the arts as a way of hobbies. Possibly the most significant Bulgarian culture phenomenon is the _Novo Bulgarsko Izkustvo _movement (New Bulgarian Art). The NBI is a collective of music, art, sculpture, dance and literary groups that come together to express a criticism of totalitarianism and the death of induviduality by adopting a totalitarian exterior to their art.
The Bulgarian military currently numbers around 32,000 men and women, and is entirely a self-defence force. It is divided into three branches (Army, Air Force, Navy). Its active units are few, but well trained and armed with very modern weapons.
The army has a number of motor rifle and armoured brigades, backed up with a substantial artillery presence. This is a rapid deployment force that is designed for repelling invasions at any point of the territory.
The Air Force operates two squadrons of fighters for airal defence of the Confederacy, and has a squadron of grand attackers for limited support for the army.
The Navy is largely a coastal defence force. The old frigates and submarines have been sold.
Another main goal for the armed forces is the security of Confederate citizens abroad. To this end, Bulgaria maintains the 1st SSO at Sliven (Special Forces), the famous "Red Berets", who are charged with counter-terrorism and hostage rescue. The 1st Parachute Regiment is also tailored to support such an operation as well as a rapid deployment force abroad in case of larger operations (akin to Entebbe). The Air Force has thus gone out of its way to outfit a modern Transport Squadron and Tanker Squadron to allow the transportation and deployment of these forces.
Bulgaria maintains a small military industry. It supplies its armed forces with its own SMGs (9mm Shipka and variants) and handguns, as well as a number of electronics (radars, guidence systems). Up to 1983 it license produced the AK family (and associated Russian weaponry) of guns for export - today it can only produce them for home use.
The Bulgarian military is based on the same principles as the rest of society. NCOs and officers are elected to attend military academies and courses. Generals serve as heads of the forces in a cyclical fashion. Thus, at any one time, Bulgaria does not really have one surpreme military leader, but instead has built a mass of well trained officers.
THE ARMED PEOPLE
The concept of the "armed people" is unique. The CBC encourages personal ownership of weapons and soldiers can retain their service weapons (akin to Switzerland). Thus, the vast majority of households own weapons of some sorts. The concept is such that if the CBC was invaded, the enemy would find a gun "behind every blade of grass". Not militias in the strict sense of the word (as they are not trained centrally, people instead training at firing ranges on a private basis), it still means that there is a vast pool of enemies for any potential aggressor in Bulgaria. It is also a pre-requisite for stopping a state from arising again.
Bulgaria is a strictly neutral country. While being a member of the EU, it stays out of any military plans or networks that may be formed, and is firmly opposed to memberships of groups such as NATO. A member of the UN, but again refuses to send troops to any part of the world.
A base for libertarian struggles worldwide, it offers support for non-terrorist anarchist groups; as well as funding for libertarian projects such as IndyMedia, CrimethInc etc.
A BRIEF HISTORY (LATER PART OF 20th CENTURY)
9th Sep 1944 - Bulgaria falls under Communist Rule
April 1970 - Student riots in Varna. The first signs of the state's weakness.
1975 - Petrov's anarchist treatise. The rise of the National Federation Of Labour Collectives. Emergence of many affinity and discussion groups.
1st May 1982 - May Revolution and General Strike. Large parts of the police and army switch to the protestors' side. Warehouses are seized and rationed to allow a stand-off with the state.
September 1982 - The brink of Civil War as the State decides to launch a full military assault on the socialist strikers. Held back by an unknown decision at the last moment.
10th November 1982 - The Bulgarian State is dissolved. Proclamation of a free Confederacy.
March 1983 - NFLC dissolves. The full scale organisation of the economy begins.
October 1984 - money abolished.
1985 - CBC recognised by most nations.
Sep 1987 - Republic Of Sredna Gora formed and tries to split.
November 1987 - The Republic is defeated at a limited tank battle at north of Yambol. Political accords and general revolt brings it down on the 10th, in an eerie coincidence.
1990s - initial problems overcome, the economy transitions to a fully functioning one based on anarchist principles.
The CBC is based mainly on the theories of Kropotkin, Landauer, Rocker and Petrov.
For a starter on anarchism:
For more indepth discussion:
For primary texts by the main thinkers: