South Africa - Factbook

  • 1. South African Information

    National Information

    Nation Name: Republic of South Africa


    Government: Unitary Constitution Federal Republic

    Head of Government: President Helen Zille (est. 2014)

    Legislature (South African Parliament):

    • Upper: Senate
    • Lower: House of Assembly
    • Other: Provincial Parliaments

    Official Statistics

    Currency: South African Pound

    Official Languages: English, Afrikaans

    Communications & Transport

    Drives on the: Right

    Calling Code: +27

    Internet TLD: .za


    Capital: Pretoria

    Largest City: Johannesburg


    Independence from: The United Kingdom

    1. Union: 1910
    2. Self Governance: 1931
    3. Republic: 1992

  • 2. Etymology

    The name "South Africa" is derived from the geographic location being the southern most nation to be inhabited by the Xhosa, Zulu, Ndebele, and Venda Tribes before pre-European colonization. Upon formation the country was named the Union of South Africa, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies. Since 1961 the long form name has been the "Republic of South Africa". In Dutch the name was called Republiek van Zuid-Afrika, replaced in 1983 by the Afrikaans Republiek van Suid-Afrika.

  • 3. History


  • 4. National Symbols


  • 5. Demographics


    South Africa is the most multicultural country in Europe since the arrival of Nelson Mandela. It is frequently referred to as 'the Rainbow Nation' due to its multiracial population.

    • White: 41%
    • Black: 45%
    • Asian: 9%
    • Other: 5%

    (First) Language:

    Afrikaans is the dominant language in the Cape and Free State. However in the East, specifically Natal, Transvaal, and Gauteng English is spoken. English is expected to be known be every South African and is a core subject in Schools.

    • English: 49.6%
    • Afrikaans: 30.2%
    • Caucasian Languages: 5.2%
    • Other: 3%


    Christianity is the most dominant religion in South Africa, significantly Protestants and Catholics. African Traditional Belief is still excersized by Paganists.

    • Christian: 88.8%
    • Islam: 3.5%
    • Hinduism: 0.2%
    • Judaism: 1.2%
    • African Traditional Belief: 0.3%
    • Buddhism: 2%
    • Other: 4.2%

    Life Expectancy

    Since arrival of the Democratic Alliance, South Africa's violence has reduced and Life Expectancy has steadily rose throughout the years from being the lowest in Europe.

    • Male: 71.52 years
    • Female: 70.67 years
    • Overall: 71.09 years


    South Africa has a dominant Religious population, containing some devours. The Other 20% is Agnostic or Atheist.

    • Religious: 79%
    • Agnostic: 10%
    • Atheist: 11%

  • 6. Major Cities

    City NamePopulationProvince
    Cape Town433,688The Cape
    Bloemfontein256,185Free State
    Port Elizabeth312,392The Cape
    East London267,007The Cape
    Kimberley225,160The Cape

  • 7. Provinces

    Political Map

    South Africa is united under 5 Provinces that were formerly separate British colonies. The Capital of South Africa is located in Transvaal.

    Cape of Good Hope

    Motto: Good Hope (Spes Bona)

    Capital: Cape Town

    Districts: 6

    Premier: Mmusi Maimane

    • Governing Party: Democratic Alliance

    Population: 16.8 Million

    Orange Free State

    Motto: Patience and Courage (Geduld en Moed)

    Capital: Port Elizabeth

    Districts: 5

    Premier: Ace Magashule

    • Governing Party: African National Congress

    Population: 2.8 million


    Motto: N/A

    Capital: Pietermaritzburg

    Districts: 5

    Premier: Edward Mchunu

    • Governing Party: African National Congress

    Population: 10.9 Million


    Motto: Unity Makes Strength (Eendragt Maakt Magt)

    Capital: Pretoria

    Districts: 12

    Premier: David Makhura

    • Governing Party: African National Congress

    Population: 18.5 million


    Motto: N/A

    Capital: Kimberley

    Districts: 3

    Premier: Athol Trollip

    • Governing Party: Democratic Alliance

    Population: 1.2 million

Log in to reply

Looks like your connection to NS European Union was lost, please wait while we try to reconnect.