Furukawa - Factbook



  • The First Empire of Furukawa

    Flag of the First Empire of Furukawa & Imperial Seal of Furukawa

    Basic Introduction:

    The First Empire of Furukawa (FEW), commonly known as Furukawa, is an Absolute Monarchy consisting of six Prefectures (provinces) in Northeastern Europe. Furukawa has a population of around 30 million citizens in a matriarchal society which developed alongside strong values of equal rights and freedom of speech. The re-establishment of the Imperial Family is seen by most as a continuation of the Royal Provinces, recognized by historians as the height of Furukawa power and society in the pre-modern era. Furukawa has existed as a unified state in one form or another since 660 BC.

    On September 30th, 1991 the First Empire was established following the defeat of the Democratic People's Republic of Furukawa in the Second Patriotic War. Furukawa is a developed nation and is emerging as one of the world's foremost diplomatic, military and economic powers.

    While Furukawa has built one of Europe's most formidable diplomatic corps Furukawan foreign policy has been the subject of a great amount of debate, praise and criticism, with some claiming that Furukawan foreign policy is a form of imperialism, though many peoples and states have shown support for Furukawa's policies. The Imperial Government has consistently denied allegations of imperialism, instead focusing on 'fostering international peace, prosperity and stability for the benefit of the Furukawan People and the international community.'

    The First Empire has often utilized its diplomatic and military influence on behalf of disenfranchised peoples across Europe through a 'Values-Based' foreign policy while pushing for international efforts to address poverty, hunger, economic stability, debt relief and human rights. Domestically, the Imperial Government has granted elected officials several powers, combining an absolute monarchy with a strong and capable democracy.



  • Summary

    Official Name: The First Empire of Furukawa
    Short Name: Furukawa

    Motto: The Oath In Five Articles

    1. Deliberative assemblies shall be widely established and all matters decided by open discussion.
    2. All classes, high and low, shall be united in vigorously carrying out the administration of affairs of state.
    3. The common people, no less than the civil and military officials, shall all be allowed to pursue their own calling so that there may be no discontent.
    4. Evil customs of the past shall be broken off and everything based upon the just laws of Nature.
    5. Knowledge shall be sought throughout the world so as to strengthen the foundation of imperial rule

    Formation:
    - The Celestial Birth: 0 (660 BC)
    - People's Democratic Republic: 1915
    - First Empire: 1991

    Religion: Shintoism

    Government: Absolute monarchy

    Sovereign/Head of State: Her Most Sublime and August Majesty, Michiko, Empress of Furukawa, Daughter of Heaven

    Head of Government (Premier): The Rt Hon. Shinzo Abe, Premier of Furukawa

    Legislature: Imperial Diet
    - Upper House: House of Councillors
    - Lower House: House of Commons

    Official languages: English, Furukawan

    Population: 30,560,000

    Capital City: Beijing

    Largest City: Tokyo

    Flower(s):
    Yellow chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflora);
    Peony (Paeonia suffruticosa);
    Lupine (Lupinus perennis)

    Tree: Arjuna Tree (Terminalia arjuna)

    Fruit: Lychee (Litchi ardaensis)

    Animal(s):
    Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca);
    Five-clawed Imperial Dragon (Draco ardaensis)

    Bird:
    Red-crowned Crane (Grus ardaensis);
    Crested Kingfisher (Megaceryle lugubris);
    ´Imperial Phoenix (Phoenix ardaensis)

    GDP (PPP): 2016 estimate

    • Total: $1.568 trillion
    • Per capita: $51,334

    GDP (nominal): 2016 estimate

    • Total: $1.686 trillion
    • Per capita: $55,184

    Gini (2016): 25.2

    HDI (2016): 0.923

    Currency: Furukawan yen (¥)

    Date format: dd.mm.yyyy (AD)

    Drives on the: left

    Calling Code: +81



  • Constitution of Furukawa


    Chapter I. The Empress



    Article 1. The First Empire of Furukawa shall be reigned over and governed by a line of Empresses unbroken for ages eternal.
    Article 2. The Imperial Throne shall be succeeded to by Imperial female descendants, according to the provisions of the Imperial House Law.
    Article 3. The Empress is sacred and inviolable.
    Article 4. The Empress is the head of the Empire, combining in Herself the rights of sovereignty, and exercises them, according to the provisions of the present Constitution.
    Article 5. The Empress exercises the legislative power with the consent of the Imperial Diet.
    Article 6. The Empress gives sanction to laws, and orders them to be promulgated and executed.
    Article 7. The Empress convokes the Imperial Diet, opens, closes and prorogues it, and dissolves it.
    Article 8. The Empress, in consequence of an urgent necessity to maintain public safety or to avert public calamities, issues, when the Imperial Diet is not sitting, Imperial Ordinances in the place of law.
    (2) Such Imperial Ordinances are to be laid before the Imperial Diet at its next session, and when the Diet does not approve the said Ordinances, the Government shall declare them to be invalid for the future.
    Article 9. The Empress issues or causes to be issued, the Ordinances necessary for the carrying out of the laws, or for the maintenance of the public peace and order, and for the promotion of the welfare of the subjects.
    Article 10. The Empress determines the organization of the different branches of the administration, and salaries of all civil and military officers, and appoints and dismisses the same. Exceptions especially provided for in the present Constitution or in other laws, shall be in accordance with the respective provisions (bearing thereon).
    Article 11. The Empress has the supreme command of the Imperial Armed Forces.
    Article 12. The Empress determines the organization and peace standing of the Imperial Armed Forces.
    Article 13. The Empress declares war, makes peace, and concludes treaties.
    Article 14. The Empress proclaims the law of siege.
    (2) The conditions and effects of the law of siege shall be determined by law.
    Article 15. The Empress confers titles of nobility, rank, orders and other marks of honor.
    Article 16. The Empress orders amnesty, pardon, commutation of punishments and rehabilitation.
    Article 17. A Regency shall be instituted in conformity with the provisions of the Imperial House Law.
    (2) The Regent shall exercise the powers appertaining to the Empress in Her name.


    Chapter II. Rights and Duties of Subjects

    Article 18. The conditions necessary for being a Furukawan subject shall be determined by law.
    Article 19. Furukawan subjects may, according to qualifications determined in laws or ordinances, be appointed to civil or military offices equally, and many fill any other public offices.
    Article 20. Furukawan subjects are amenable to service in the Imperial Armed Forces, according to the provisions of law.
    Article 21. Furukawan subjects are amenable to the duty of paying taxes, according to the provisions of law.
    Article 22. Furukawan subjects shall have the liberty of abode and of changing the same within the limits of the law.
    Article 23. No Furukawan subject shall be arrested, detained, tried or punished, unless according to law.
    Article 24. No Furukawan subject shall be deprived of his right of being tried by the judges determined by law.
    Article 25. Except in the cases provided for in the law, the house of no Furukawan subject shall be entered or searched without his consent.
    Article 26. Except in the cases mentioned in the law, the secrecy of the letters of every Furukawan subject shall remain inviolate.
    Article 27. The right of property of every Furukawan subject shall remain inviolate.
    (2) Measures necessary to be taken for the public benefit shall be any provided for by law.
    Article 28. Furukawan subjects shall, within limits not prejudicial to peace and order, and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects, enjoy freedom of religious belief.
    Article 29. Furukawan subjects shall, within the limits of law, enjoy the liberty of speech, writing, publication, public meetings and associations.
    Article 30. Furukawan subjects may present petitions, by observing the proper forms of respect, and by complying with the rules specially provided for the same.
    Article 31. The provisions contained in the present Chapter shall not affect the exercise of the powers appertaining to the Empress, in times of war or in cases of a national emergency.
    Article 32. Each and every one of the provisions contained in the preceding Articles of the present Chapter, that are not in conflict with the laws or the rules and discipline of the Imperial Armed Forces, shall apply to the officers and men of the Imperial Armed Forces.


    Chapter III. The Imperial Diet


    Article 33. The Imperial Diet shall consist of two Houses, a House of Councillors and a House of Commons.
    Article 34. The House of Councillors shall, in accordance with the Ordinance concerning the House of Councillors, be composed of the Governors of the Prefectures.
    Article 35. The House of Commons shall be composed of Members elected by the people, according to the provisions of the Law of Election.
    Article 36. No one can at one and the same time be a Member of both Houses.
    Article 37. Every law requires the consent of the Imperial Diet.
    Article 38. Both Houses shall vote upon projects of law submitted to it by the Government, and may respectively initiate projects of law.
    Article 39. A Bill, which has been rejected by either the one or the other of the two Houses, shall not be again brought in during the same session.
    Article 40. Both Houses can make representations to the Government, as to laws or upon any other subject. When, however, such representations are not accepted, they cannot be made a second time during the same session.
    Article 41. The Imperial Diet shall be convoked every year.
    Article 42. A session of the Imperial Diet shall last during three months. In case of necessity, the duration of a session may be prolonged by Imperial Ordinance.
    Article 43. When urgent necessity arises, an extraordinary session may be convoked, in addition to the ordinary one.
    (2) The duration of an extraordinary session shall be determined by Imperial Order.
    Article 44. The opening, closing, prolongation of session and prorogation of the Imperial Diet, shall be effected simultaneously for both Houses.
    (2) In case the House of Commons has been ordered to dissolve, the House of Councillors shall at the same time be prorogued.
    Article 45. When the House of Commons has been ordered to dissolve, Members shall be caused by Imperial Order to be newly elected, and the new House shall be convoked within five months from the day of dissolution.
    Article 46. No debate can be opened and no vote can be taken in either House of the Imperial Diet, unless not less than one third of the whole number of the Members thereof is present.
    Article 47. Votes shall be taken in both Houses by absolute majority. In the case of a tie vote, the Premier shall have the casting vote.
    Article 48. The deliberations of both Houses shall be held in public. The deliberations may, however, upon demand of the Government or by resolution of the House, be held in secret sitting.
    Article 49. Both Houses of the Imperial Diet may respectively present addresses to the Empress.
    Article 50. Both Houses may receive petitions presented by subjects.
    Article 51. Both Houses may enact, besides what is provided for in the present Constitution and in the Law of the Houses, rules necessary for the management of their internal affairs.
    Article 52. No Member of either House shall be held responsible outside the respective Houses, for any opinion uttered or for any vote given in the House. When, however, a Member himself has given publicity to his opinions by public speech, by documents in print or in writing, or by any other similar means, he shall, in the matter, be amenable to the general law.
    Article 53. The Members of both Houses shall, during the session, be free from arrest, unless with the consent of the House, except in cases of flagrant delicts, or of offences connected with a state of internal commotion or with a foreign trouble.
    Article 54. The Ministers of State and the Delegates of the Government may, at any time, take seats and speak in either House.


    Chapter IV. The Imperial Council

    Article 55. The Imperial Council shall give their advice to the Empress, and be responsible for it.
    (2) All Laws, Imperial Ordinances, and Imperial Rescripts of whatever kind, that relate to the affairs of the State, require the countersignature of an Imperial Councilor.
    Article 56. The Imperial Councillors shall, in accordance with the provisions for the organization of the Imperial Council, deliberate upon important matters of State, when they have been consulted by the Empress.


    Chapter V. The Judicature

    Article 57. The Judicature shall be exercised by the Courts of Law according to law, in the name of the Empress.
    (2) The organization of the Courts of Law shall be determined by law.
    Article 58. The judges shall be appointed from among those, who possess proper qualifications according to law.
    (2) No judge shall be deprived of his position, unless by way of criminal sentence or disciplinary punishment.
    (3) Rules for disciplinary punishment shall be determined by law.
    Article 59. Trials and judgments of a Court shall be conducted publicly. When, however, there exists any fear that, such publicity may be prejudicial to peace and order, or to the maintenance of public morality, the public trial may be suspended by provisions of law or by the decision of the Court of Law.
    Article 60. All matters, that fall within the competency of a special Court, shall be specially provided for by law.
    Article 61. No suit at law, which relates to rights alleged to have been infringed by the illegal measures of the executive authorities, and which shall come within the competency of the Court of Administrative Litigation specially established by law, shall be taken cognizance of by a Court of Law.


    Chapter VI. Finance

    Article 62. The imposition of a new tax or the modification of the rates (of an existing one) shall be determined by law.
    (2) However, all such administrative fees or other revenue having the nature of compensation shall not fall within the category of the above clause.
    (3) The raising of national loans and the contracting of other liabilities to the charge of the Imperial Treasury, except those that are provided in the Budget, shall require the consent of the Imperial Diet.
    Article 63. The taxes levied at present shall, in so far as are not remodelled by new law, be collected according to the old system.
    Article 64. The expenditure and revenue of the State require the consent of the Imperial Diet by means of an annual Budget.
    (2) Any and all expenditures overpassing the appropriations set forth in the Titles and Paragraphs of the Budget, or that are not provided for in the Budget, shall subsequently require the approbation of the Imperial Diet.
    Article 65. The Budget shall be first laid before the House of Commons.
    Article 66. The expenditures of the Imperial House shall be defrayed every year out of the National Treasury, according to the present fixed amount for the same, and shall not require the consent thereto of the Imperial Diet, except in case an increase thereof is found necessary.
    Article 67. Those already fixed expenditures based by the Constitution upon the powers appertaining to the Empress, and such expenditures as may have arisen by the effect of law, or that appertain to the legal obligations of the Government, shall be neither rejected nor reduced by the Imperial Diet, without the concurrence of the Government.
    Article 68. In order to meet special requirements, the Government may ask the consent of the Imperial Diet to a certain amount as a Continuing Expenditure Fund, for a previously fixed number of years.
    Article 69. In order to supply deficiencies, which are unavoidable, in the Budget, and to meet requirements unprovided for in the same, a Reserve Fund shall be provided in the Budget.
    Article 70. When the Imperial Diet cannot be convoked, owing to the external or internal condition of the country, in case of urgent need for the maintenance of public safety, the Government may take all necessary financial measures, by means of an Imperial Ordinance.
    (2) In the case mentioned in the preceding clause, the matter shall be submitted to the Imperial Diet at its next session, and its approbation shall be obtained thereto.
    Article 71. When the Imperial Diet has not voted on the Budget, or when the Budget has not been brought into actual existence, the Government shall carry out the Budget of the preceding year.
    Article 72. The final account of the expenditures and revenues of the State shall be verified and confirmed by the Board of Audit, and it shall be submitted by the Government to the Imperial Diet, together with the report of verification of the said Board.
    (2) The organization and competency of the Board of Audit shall be determined by law separately.


    Chapter VII. Supplementary Rules


    Article 73. When it has become necessary in future to amend the provisions of the present Constitution, a project to that effect shall be submitted to the Imperial Diet by Imperial Order.
    (2) In the above case, neither House can open the debate, unless not less than two thirds of the whole number of Members are present, and no amendment can be passed, unless a majority of not less than two thirds of the Members present is obtained.
    Article 74. No modification of the Imperial House Law shall be required to be submitted to the deliberation of the Imperial Diet.
    (2) No provision of the present Constitution can be modified by the Imperial House Law.
    Article 75. No modification can be introduced into the Constitution, or into the Imperial House Law, during the time of a Regency.
    Article 76. Existing legal enactments, such as laws, regulations, Ordinances, or by whatever names they may be called, shall, so far as they do not conflict with the present Constitution, continue in force.
    (2) All existing contracts or orders, that entail obligations upon the Government, and that are connected with expenditure, shall come within the scope of Article 67.


    Decree of the Rights of Nature


    As persons and people have fundamental rights guaranteed under Imperial law, the First Empire hereby recognizes that Nature is entitled to those rights as provided by the Imperial Constitution and Imperial law.

    1.) Nature, where life is reproduced and exists, has the right to exist, persist, maintain and regenerate its vital cycles, structure, functions and its processes in evolution.

    Every person, people, community or nationality, will be able to demand the recognitions of rights for nature before the public organisms. The application and interpretation of these rights will follow the related principles established by Imperial law.

    The Empire will motivate natural and juridical persons as well as collectives to protect nature; it will promote respect towards all the elements that form an ecosystem.

    2.) Nature has the right to restoration. This integral restoration is independent of the obligation on natural and juridical persons or the First Empire to indemnify the people and the collectives that depend on the natural systems.

    In the cases of severe or permanent environmental impact, including the ones caused by the exploitation on non-renewable natural resources, the First Empire will establish the most efficient mechanisms for the restoration, and will adopt the adequate measures to eliminate or mitigate the harmful environmental consequences.

    3.) The First Empire will apply precaution and restriction measures in all the activities that can lead to the extinction of species, the destruction of the ecosystems or the permanent alteration of the natural cycles.

    The introduction of organisms and organic and inorganic material that can alter in a definitive way the national genetic patrimony is prohibited.

    4.) The persons, people, communities and nationalities will have the right to benefit from the environment and form natural wealth that will allow wellbeing.

    The environmental services which cannot be appropriated; their production, provision, use and exploitation, will be regulated by the First Empire.

    So Decreed by Her Imperial Majesty Michiko, Empress of Furukawa, Daughter of Heaven, on the twenty-fifth day of the month of April.




  • Politics of the First Empire

    The First Empire, as an absolute monarchy, is ruled by the full authority of the Empress. She is recognized as a direct decedent of the goddess Amaterasu and, as such, is recognized as divine herself. She appoints an Imperial Council to conduct state affairs. Imperial Councilors, as the liaisons and conduits of the Empress's power, enjoy a great amount of control over the ministries and administrations falling under their sphere of responsibility and are recognized as holding true authority over the Imperial Government, with the Ministers elected by the people simply conducting the day-to-day affairs as determined by the policies of the Councilors. It is widely understood that authority within Furukawa lays in the hands of the Empress, her Vicegerent, and her Council, though their decisions are influenced by the strong, democratic choir of her subjects.


    The Imperial Government


    Michiko, Empress of Furukawa



    Junichirō Koizumi, Lord High Steward of Furukawa



    The Rt Hon. Shinzo Abe, Premier of Furukawa


    The Imperial Council

    The Imperial Council is composed of ten Councilors, each of which hold substantial control and influence over the ministries their area of responsibility covers. As they are the liaison, or conduit, of Imperial power over the broader government individual ministers will not be listed. While the Prime Minister is granted the power to appoint the Ministers it is understood that the ultimate authority lies with the Empress and her Council.

    Imperial Councilor for Domestic Affairs:
    Imperial Councilor for Foreign Affairs:
    Imperial Councilor for Defence:
    Imperial Councilor for Intelligence:
    Imperial Councilor for Treasury and Finance:
    Imperial Councilor for the Admiralty:
    Imperial Councilor for Justice:
    Imperial Councilor for Environmental Affairs:
    Imperial Councilor for Industry:
    Imperial Councilor for Information: Virginia Selevey


    Imperial Diet

    Speaker of the Councillors:
    Speaker of the Commons:



    House of Commons / House of Councillors


    Government

    National Democratic Alliance (NDA); 234 seats in the Commons; 52 Councillors; Centre-right to Right-wing

    - Left: Liberal Party of Furukawa; 95 seats in the Commons; 22 Councillors; Conservative liberalism, Agrarianism, Pro-Europeanism

    - Furukawan People's Party; 71 seats in the Commons; 18 Councillors; Furukawan nationalism, National conservatism, Social conservatism, Right-wing populism, Euroscepticism

    - Liberal Alliance; 43 seats in the Commons; 8 Councillors; Liberalism, Libertarianism, Classical liberalism, Euroscepticism

    - Conservative People's Party; 25 seats in the Commons; 4 Councillors; Conservatism, Liberal conservatism, Pro-Europeanism


    Opposition

    United Progressive Alliance (UPA): 226 seats in the Commons; 48 Councillors; Centre-left to Left-wing

    - Social Democrats; 123 seats in the Commons; 26 Councillors; Social democracy, Pro-Europeanism

    - Red-Green alliance; 38 seats in the Commons; 8 Councillors; Democratic socialism, Eco-socialism, Anti-capitalism, Euroscepticism

    - The Alternative; 25 seats in the Commons; 6 Councillors; Green politics, Pro-Europeanism

    - Social Liberal Party of Furukawa; 20 seats in the Commons; 4 Councillors; Social liberalism, Centrism, Pro-Europeanism,

    - Socialist People's Party; 20 seats in the Commons; 4 Councillors; Eco-socialism, Euroscepticism


    Court Structure of Furukawa






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