Factbook for a future nation
Name (official and short): Oregon
Motto: Ālīs volat propriīs (Latin: She flies on her own wings)
National Anthem: Oregon, My Oregon
Official Language: None
Spoken Languages: English and Spanish (primary administrative languages), Chinese languages, Vietnamese, Russian, German, French, Korean, and the languages of the Indigenous Nations
Largest City: Portland Oregon (official Portland-in-Oregon)
3% Mixed Background
1% Indigenous Faiths
5% Others/Don't Know
Government: Unitary Constitutional Semi-Presidential Republic
President: John Kitzhaber
Secretary of State: Kate Brown
EU Councilor: Earl Blumenauer
Legislature: Legislative Assembly
Currency: Oregonian Shilling (ORS)
Legislative Assembly of Oregon
Speaker: Tina Kotek (LDPO)
59 Liberal Democratic Party of Oregon
33 Oregonian National Party
4 Pacific Green Party
Term: no longer than 4 years
Last Election: 9 July, 2019
Next Election: No later than 11 July, 2023
Liberal Democratic Party of Oregon (LDPO)
Formed in 1906 from a merger of the Liberal Party and the The Union, a British loyalist party. The party initially started out as pro-British party that supported autonomy for Oregon but opposed separation from the Crown. Though the founding members were anti-Progressive, the early 20th century Progressive wave in Oregon influenced the party's politics and eventually formed a prominent progressive wing within the Party. By the 1970's the party became a coalition of social liberals and progressives after the political realignment that occurred in the Oregonian National Party. The LDPO has been the governing party of Oregon since 2006 initially in a coalition with the Pacific Green Party, then governing alone since 2010. The party enjoys support from the western parts of Oregon, chiefly from the urbans centers of Portland and Eugene.
The party is progressive on social issues but ranges from centre to centre left on economic issues. The party is pro-European and supported Oregon's entrance into the European Union.
Oregonian National Party (ONP)
Formed in 1922, the Oregonian Nation Party started out as a nationalist party that promoted the full independence of Oregon as well as Republicanism within the country. Throughout the 20th century, the party played an influential role in Oregonian politics and was the focal piece of the Progressive movement within the Legislative Assembly. After dissolving it ties with the crown however, the Oregon National Party underwent a political crisis in which resulted in the party drift towards the Right and by the late 1980's became a firmly conservative party. The party gathered most of its support from the rural areas of the country, especially in Eastern Oregon. In fact the party since the 2000's have branded themselves as the Party that looks after the interests of Eastern Oregonians.
The party in recent days has shifted further right, with many observers labeling it a National Conservative Party. The party is Eurosceptic and opposes Oregon's entrance into the European Union.
Pacific Green Party (PGP)
Founded in 1997 with the rise of the Green movement, the party primarily focused on environmental issues. Today however, the Pacific Green Party is considered a social democratic party focused on electoral, housing, and energy reform. The party gained it first seat in 2002 in Eugene and has since been a city where the Pacific Greens can reliably receive support. The Pacific Greens in 2019 also gained a seat in Portland.
The party was categorized as centre-left with some its members being left-wing and is considered by observers to be the party of the dissident left. The party does not have a unified position on the European Union.
Landmarks of Oregon
1 Lake Giiwas
Lake Giiwas is a volcanic crater lake located in Klamath County. It is the most famous landmark in all of Oregon and is renowned for its deep blue color and clarity. It is located on Mt. Mazama, a collapsed supervolcano that erupted around 7,500-8,000 years ago. Being 594 meters deep, it is one of the deepest lakes in the world. Lake Giiwas is a site of religious significance to the indigenous Klamath peoples, believing it to be the gateway to the underworld. Their oral history states that Lake Giiwas was created in a battle with the sky god Skell and the God of the Underworld Llao. During this battle, the mountain was destroyed and from it came the Lake itself. The lake was also a common location for Vision Quests, with tasks including climbing the walls of the Lake.
2 Mount Zion
Mt. Zion is the tallest mountain in Oregon, located on the borders of Wasco County. It is a stratovolcano that since 1980, is considered to be potentially active however it is still likely dormant. The mountain is considered one of the most prominent landmarks in Oregon, being a large component of Portland Oregon’s skyline. It is also the site of the largest ski resort in Oregon, with it being operational year-round.
3 Pittock Mansion
Pittock Mansion is a french-style chateau located in Washington Park in Portland Oregon. The mansion was built in 1914 for London-born Henry Pittock, a publisher for The Oregonian, the largest newspaper in Oregon. In 1962, Typhoon Freda caused severe damage to the mansion which led the city to purchase it after public pressure. Today it is open to the public and provides a prominent vista for Portland’s skyline. Pittock Mansion is the setting for a number of movies and TV shows.
4 Astoria Column
Located in Astoria in Clatsop County, the column is one of the most famous landmarks in Oregon. The column was built in 1926 and is styled after the Trajan Column in Rome. The Column is detailed with a mural detailing the important events throughout the history of Oregon. The top of the column, which provides a view of Astoria, can be accessed through an interior staircase.
5 Multnomah Falls
Multnomah Falls, located in the Wimahl River Gorge, is the tallest waterfall in Oregon with it being more than 189 meters tall. With 2 million visitors per year, this waterfall is one of the most popular waterfalls to visit on the continent.
6 Painted Hills
The Painted Hills are a geological site located in central-Eastern Oregon. The Hills are known for their multi-colored layers. These layers emerged from the cycling of wet and dry climate periods in the region. The soil of the hills are composed of mudstone, siltstone, shale, and lignite.
7 Haystack Rock
Haystack Rock is a seastack located on Cannon Beach, the third tallest of its kind in the world. Haystack Rock features around it a number of intertidal animals including, starfish, sea slugs, sea, anemone, and more. The rock is a popular nesting place for birds. Haystack Rock has become a recognizable symbol of the Pacific Northwest as a whole.
8 Thor’s Well
Famously named “The Gate to Hell”, Thor’s Well is a sinkhole found on the Oregon Coast that has a reputation for never seemingly being able to be filled by the constant stream of water it receives from the Pacific Ocean. Just be careful when visiting Thor’s Well because a sneaker wave can come up on you and suck you into Thor’s Well ;)
9 Vista House
Vista House is on Crown Point in Multnomah County. It is a memorial to the Oregon Pioneers situated on the south side of the Wimahl River Gorge. The site offers a good view of the entire river valley as well as distant mountains to the north.
10 Oregon Dunes
The Oregon Dunes are a stretch of land along the Oregon Coast extending from the North of Coos River to the south of Siuslaw River. Its near proximity to lush forest provides a unique experience and is among Oregon’s most popular recreational areas. The area is one of the inspirations of Frank Herbert’s sci fi novel Dune.
Political System of Oregon
Oregon is a semi-presidential republic with a president-parliamentary model. In this system, the President is head of and appoints the Oregonian Cabinet, known in Oregon as the Secretariat. Under this arrangement, the Secretary of State (the equivalent of Prime Minister in other countries), leads the day-to-day running of the government while the President manages the general direction of the government.
The Executive Branch is composed of the President and the Secretariat. The President is elected by a nation-wide vote every 4 years under a 2-round system if there is no majority during the first round of voting. The President then appoints the various Secretaries of their Secretariat, including the Secretary of State. All Secretaries must be appointed with the consent of the Legislative Assembly, as with any official that the President appoints. The President is both the Commander-in-Chief of the Oregon Defense Forces and the chief representative of the state in foreign affairs. The President can appoint and dismiss ambassadors as well as order the creation of new diplomatic missions. The President also had the power to declare a state of emergency, and to issue Presidential Directives.
The President is elected every 4 years and only can serve two consecutive terms. The President must be a citizen of Oregon and have been living in the country for the last 8 years. There is no specified age requirement within the Constitution, but the Supreme Court has ruled that the Constitution requires a candidate to be at least 26 years of age in order to run. A candidate must receive at least 20,000 signatures in order to be registered as a candidate. If the President is incapasitated or otherwise unable to fulfill their duties as President, the Secretary of State will act as President.
In order to become President, a candidate must receive more than 50% of the vote. In the case of there not being a majority during the first round of voting, a second round will be held with the top two candidates scheduled no later than a month after the initial election.
The Secretariat is appointed by the President with the consent of the Legislative Assembly. The Secretariat is primarily responsible for day-to-day directing the state bureaucracy and implementing domestic and monetary policy as directed by the Legislative Assembly. The Secretariat can also issue a report to the Legislative Assembly on a budget for the government, however the Legislative Assembly ultimately decides the budget. While the President heads the Secretariat, it is primarily the Secretary of State that manages the cabinet under direction of the President.
Legislative power in Oregon is vested in the unicameral 96-member Legislative Assembly, which has a term of at most 4 years. If 75% of the Legislative Assembly agrees to hold elections before the term ends, then snap elections can be held. However this has only happened once, in 1986. Oregon is divided into Legislative Circuits, which all elect 3-7 MLA’s. Elections are done through single transferable vote with the droop method. Currently, Oregon has 21 Legislative Circuits. MLA’s must be at least 21 years of age and be permanent residents or citizens of Oregon. The Legislative Assembly has the power to declare war, reject or confirm appointments made by the President, appoint oversight over the administration and elections, to form a budget for the government, to form legislative circuits, to enact laws and treaties, and to declare martial law.
The Judicial Branch is headed by the Supreme Court of Oregon, which is a panel of seven justices appointed by the President with the approval of the Legislative Assembly. All judges serve one 6-year term with no eligibility to be appointed again in their lifetime. All justices must be citizens of Oregon and have resided in the country for at least 4 years. The court is headed by the Chief Justice, who leads the administration of the court. The Chief Justice is also responsible for the oversight of other courts. The Supreme Court is of general jurisdiction, meaning they can hear cases from all levels of government. However, unlike other courts, their ruling is binding and cannot be overturned by other courts.
26 Counties of Oregon and the Territory of New Samaria
Evidence of human habitation in the area dates back to 15,000 years ago, however the first recorded human to have been found dates back to 8,200 years ago. New excavations show that Native Oregonian settlements began to emerge in the region by 8000 BC primarily concentrated in the lower Wimahl River (near modern day Astoria), the Willamette Valley, and various coastal estuaries.
Spanish expeditions in the region date back to 1592, though expeditions from the Spanish would occur on several occasions until the British made their own expedition in 1708. The arrival of European merchants in the early 18th century was welcomed by the natives, which greatly enriched them due to the lucrative fur trade. However various foreign diseases introduced through trade eventually devastated the people in the region and the various native nations in the area were in a state of decline by the end of the 1700’s.
Trading expeditions to establish trading posts and to extract natural resources from the region (primarily fur) began in the late 18th century with the Spanish and British competing for control over the region. The most notable expedition was the one made by George Vancouver who established the British base of operations in the region in Fort Vancouver (the site of modern day Vancouver). This put the British into conflict with the native nations in the region and after a series of conflicts with the British, many of them were deported away from British zones of control laying the groundwork for British settlement in the region. The United Kingdom would eventually annex the area now known as the ‘Oregon District’ in 1818.
Rise of Mormonism
During the expedition of David Thompson in 1824, a surveyor named Joseph Smith was reported missing near Mt. Zion. However, 2 weeks later he reemerged and claimed that he had found brass tablets that revealed to him that Jesus Christ was present in Oregon after his death in Judaea and that the Native Oregonians were indeed the 10 lost tribes of Israel. Believing him to be unwell and beginning to actively proselytize to the rest of the expedition, Thompson relieved him from his duties and he was sent back to the United Kingdom, where he would remain until 1839. During this time, Smith would develop much of the early theology of Mormonism. This would be compiled in the Book of Mormon as well as Doctrine and Covenants.
During the 1830’s, Mormonism gained more popularity in the United Kingdom and Smith became a well known figure in the country. However, many local theologians found his beliefs to be unacceptable and others outright mocked the notion of Jesus Christ being in Oregon. Framing the Latter Day Saints as an embattled minority, many believed settling in New Zion (their name for Oregon) was the only option to escape persecution as well believed they were entitled to the land by virtue of being spiritually true and faithful Israelites. By the 1840’s new settlers in Oregon were predominantly Mormon.
In 1839, Smith moved once again to Oregon with a number of followers to found the city of New Nazareth and started construction of the first mormon temple known as the Nazarene Temple (which would finish in 1896), today the headquarters of the Mormon Clergy. In 1844, the Brass Tablets were declared lost by him and set out to the United Kingdom where he said that God revealed they would be. During his visit in the United Kingdom, Smith was assassinated by gunshot. Following Smith’s death, the vast majority of the Mormons of the United Kingdom fled to Oregon via the Oregon Trail in an event they call The Exodus, after the Israelite Exodus from Egypt.
Dominion of Oregon (1859-1973)
In 1859, the Oregon District had grown to almost 100,000 people and with increasing pressure from the colonists for Home Rule, Parliament granted them partial autonomy with the Oregon District renamed to the Dominion of Oregon. The period following the establishment of the dominion was characterized by rapid growth in cities as well as rapid economic expansions-- particularly in lumber and wheat as well as the decline of the prominence of fur trading.
Early Oregon politics largely revolved around two parties since the beginning of the dominion: The Party of Union and the Party of Zion. The former being in favor of the Royal Governor having more power and oversight in the government, limiting the power of popular Mormon sentiment. The latter favored more power to the Legislative Assembly and more autonomy for Oregon. By the 20th century however, the Progressive Movement became popular in the urban areas and as a result, the party system began to fracture. By 1906, the Union Party’s conservative appeal largely dried up and was overtaken by the until recently minor Oregon Liberal Party. In 1907, they agreed to merge into the Liberal Democratic Party of Oregon. Similarly, the traditionalist appeal to the Zion Party seemed to conflict with the rising Progressive sentiments in the country and after losing power for more than a decade in the Legislative Assembly, the party dissolved itself in 1919.
In 1921, the Oregon National Party was formed with the expressed purpose of making Oregon a democratic and independent Republic, dissociated from the British Empire. Unlike its more religiously inclined predecessor, the ONP fully embraced Progressive values and framed them into their program of Mormon Nationalism. Though initially having modest success and pushback from the Mormon clergy, the party gained prominence in the 1930 elections when the party leader Peter Fairclough became the Secretary of State for the Royal Governor, the chief position in his cabinet.
In 1948, the UK Parliament passed the Oregon Home Rule Act effectively giving the Dominion independence, allowing the Oregon National Party to introduce a series of major progressive reforms known as ‘The Reorganization’. Most notably during this time, Oregon’s extensive referendum system was established.
By the 1950’s, Oregonian nationalism reached its height in Oregon with the ONP dominating the Legislative Assembly at this time. However the party still remained divided on the character of Oregonian nationalism. In fact, during this period of time, Oregon politics became dominated by two factions within the ONP: The secular nationalists and religious nationalists. While both factions saw Mormon culture and religious tradition as an important component of Oregonian nationalism, the religious nationalists saw that the LDS and the State should be more closely aligned while the secularists maintained Mormon Nationalism as a cultural movement and sought to keep the LDS separate from the state. The struggle between these two visions on Mormon Nationalism stalled the calls for Oregon to break its ties with the crown. This power struggle continued throughout the 60’s until the Welch Expose in 1973.
In 1973, Derren Welch who at the time served as Secretary of State to the Royal Governor, was found to be selling weapons illegally to the Aether Federation in an effort to suppress dissident movements in the region, including Mormon groups. These series of leaks known as the Welch Expose, stirred outrage in the Dominion. The Royal Governor, Charles Kimberley. unwilling to dismiss his closest allies refused to dismiss the Secretary of State. This caused a political crisis in the Legislative Assembly. If Welch was not able to be dismissed, then the ONP would lose support among the Oregonian population, for many, the ONP’s continued governance was in doubt. However, since the Royal Governor was appointed by the Crown in London, the Legislative assembly could not legally remove the Royal Governor.
Deeming it unlikely that the Monarchy would intervene and seeing it more as a threat to Oregonian autonomy, the Legislative Assembly passed a resolution declaring that Oregon was no longer a Dominion of the British Empire and claimed full jurisdiction for the Legislative Assembly. Though the power struggle between the secular nationalists and religious nationalists were still very much alive, many in the Legislative Assembly saw this as the only way to avert political disaster. Swiftly, the Royal Governor was dismissed as well as the Secretary of State. The Legislative Assembly agreed to hold new elections for Oregon’s first President as well as establish a constituent assembly for a new Constitution.
The Republic (from 1973)
(work in progress)
Oregonian Customary Measurement Standards (OCMS)
The Oregonian Imperial System, formally known as OCMS, is the official measurement system in Oregon. Having origins in the British Imperial System, the system has since underwent significant reforms due to a new standardization issued in the late 1970's and early 1980's to simplify the system and make it more easily comparable to the metric system. In addition, Oregon as a result of this reform uses the Celsius temperature measurement.
Distance (and Height) Measurements
One inch is divided into 24 specks, this is a new addition to the system roughly equal to 1mm.
One inch as set in the OCMS is exactly equivalent to 2.50cm.
One foot similar to earlier standards is set to 12in.
One yard is set in the OCMS as 4 feet (48 inches). This measurement serves as the distance that roughly 2 steps forward (synonymous with a pace).
One rod is set in the OCMS as 12 feet or 3 yards (144 inches). This measurement is not used often in reference to distance and instead is usually used in the height of large objects such as buildings.
One mile is equal to one great gross (1,000 in base twelve) yards (1,726 yards). This is equal to 2 kilometers.
One league is set to 24 miles in the OCMS. The distance is described as the maximum amount of distance that one can reasonably expect to travel in a day on foot. This is used mainly in reference to large distances. This unit is just over 50km long.
One grain is set by the OCMS to 100mg.
One ounce is equal to 144 grains.
One stock is equal to 12 ounces. This is a new addition to the measurement system.
One pound is equal to 3 stocks (36 ounces).
One ton is equal to 1,728 pounds.