Realm of Great Ruthund

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    Irregular Country Names

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    State: Ruthund (Ruthund)
    Group Name: Ruthenoz
    Region/Land: Ruthenlond

    State: Elmen (Fremet)
    Group Name: Elminiz
    Region/Land: Elmjat

    State: Bormein (Icholassen)
    Group Name: Bormenoz
    Region/Land: Bormuzgar

    State: Azthid (Kaitsja)
    Group Name: Ozdthudoz
    Region/Land: Ozdthulond

    State: Voronzed (Vayinoad)
    Group Name: Voronzidoz
    Region/Land: Vorenzdrend

    Regular Country Names

    State: Galoro (Gallorum)
    People: Galoroz
    Land: Galorlond

    State: Jespono (Spain)
    People: Jesponoz
    Land: Jesponlond

    State: Izdkali (Istkalen)
    People: Istkaliz
    Land: Istkalond

    State: Retso (Reitzmag)
    People: Retsoz
    Land: Retslond

    State: Harjatijoz Onmudetha (United Duchies)
    People: N/A (UD refers only to a political entity)
    Land: N/A (UD refers only to a political entity)

    State: Inimiki (Inimicus)
    People: Inimikiz
    Land: Inimiklond

    State: Tsekho (Czech Slavia)
    People: Tsekhoz
    Land: Tsekhlond

    State: Morjago (Moriagau)
    People: Morjagoz
    Land: Morjaglond

    State: Inkezdo (Inquista)
    People: Inkezdoz
    Land: Inkezdlond

    State: Ljago (Leagio)
    People: Ljagoz
    Land: Ljaglond

    State: Mennrimjako (Mennrimiak)
    People: Mennrimjakoz
    Land: Mennrimjaklond

    State: Angli (Angleter)
    People: Angliz
    Land: Anglond

    State: Duxburian Union (Kinwethon Dukhburalike)
    People: Dukhburoz
    Land: Dukhburlond

    State: Nofaugo (Nofaoga)
    People: Nofaugoz
    Land: Nofauglond

    State: Alkharo
    People: Alkharoz
    Land: Alkharlond

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    Major Media Outlets in Ruthund

    Itquzdorn News
    Itquzdorn (The Morning Star) is a media company founded in 1932 by the Rothforon Guild. Before 1994, they had a monopoly over mass media including radio and later television. After 1994, the company became independent but continues to retain its dominance over cable news. Their media is still largely considered to be conservative and anti-EU. Outside observers put this media station’s bias squarely in the right-wing as well as being anti-Republican.

    Kazmurbirhaiz Wordjoz
    Kazmurbirha Warden
    Founded in 1899, it is Ruthund’s oldest surviving newspaper. For much of its history however, it was under the control of the Borhoith Guild limiting its editorial freedom. After 1994 and its severing ties with the Borhoith Guild, the Kazmurbirha Warden became the largest left-wing newspaper in Ruthund with the newspaper gaining ties with labor movements across the country. It is the newspaper most friendly with the New Republican party as well as being tepidly pro-EU.

    The Observatory
    The Observatory is a newspaper based in Fornoben established in 1997. It was originally found as a Scientific Newspaper, but eventually branched into other areas of news. The Observatory considers itself as an unbiased, non-ideological newspaper. However both Ruthenish and outside observers consider the Newspaper liberal centrist and the most pro-EU newspaper in Ruthund. They have generally reported positively on the current government.

    The Mountain
    Forinjoz is a newspaper that covers primarily economics as well as politics, based in Rangentazav. It was found in 2002 under the Forinjoz Writers’ Cooperative Company. Generally considered to be centre-right, the newspaper usually approaches economic topics from a Neoclassical standpoint. Though not as pro-EU as The Observatory and the Kazmuribirha Warden, they are broadly in support of Ruthund’s membership in the EU.

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    Current Political System of Ruthund (1994-present)

    The current political system of Ruthund stemmed from the 1994 Kelontaz Revolution, which resulted in the abdication of the King of Ruthund from political office and the establishment of the Permanent Stewardship of the Throne.

    In Ruthund, there are functionally 3 branches of government: the executive branch, the judicial branch, and the legislative branch. The powers of the executive are vested in a body headed by the Council of State, which used to be the King’s privy council. Officially, the Council of State is also supposed to be the privy council of the Steward of Ruthund. However since 2012, the Council of State has acted independently and the Stewardship has been reduced to primarily a ceremonial role. The Council of Lawspeakers is the highest body of the Judiciary and is composed of 8 Lawspeakers and 1 High Lawspeaker. Operating on a version of Common Law, they have the power of Judicial review and interpret the meaning of laws. The legislature of Ruthund is known as the Thuidwethon, often translated plainly to the People’s Assembly or National Assembly.

    The Thuidon (The Ruthenish King)
    The Thuidon is the highest office in the Realm. However, the political office of the Thuidon is now occupied by the Steward of the Throne. Still, the Thuidon still carries significant political power in the country as the Head of the Grand Temple-- the religious leader of the Zdadrin faith. The Grand Temple still holds a significant amount of sway and influence in Ruthenish politics and though the Thuidon is now declared to be a non-political figure, the Thuidon in reality is an important figure on how the tone is set within the government.

    The Council of State
    Officially the Privy Council to the Throne, the Council of State has acted as the ruling council for Ruthund since 2012. The head of the Privy Council is currently the Steward of the Throne, which has been elected by the National Assembly every 6 years. The Steward’s duties are to summon the Council of State to order, set the agenda, and to take their counsel (speak on their behalf). The Council of State manages most things related to foreign policy and are the heads of the bureaucracy in Ruthund. Any decisions made by the Council must be made collectively. Each Councilor within the Council of State is appointed by the National Assembly. Usually this translates into whichever party wins the election will appoint who they like on the Council of State, as well as potential coalition partners.

    The Thuidwethon
    The Thuidwethon is the national legislature. The body originally served as the Ruthenish equivalent to an Estates-General, allowing the King to survey opinions among class lines. It currently has 75 members from the 9 Riklondoz of the Realm. Seats are distributed semi-proportionally with each Riklondaz receiving six, nine, or twelve seats based on their population. Elections occur every 3 years with the last election taking place in October of 2018. The next election is thus expected to take place in October of 2021.

    Council of Lawspeakers
    Formally, the Council of Lawspeakers was part of the Thuidwethon, as a judicial committee. Though political tradition since the 20th century has tended to keep these two institutions separate with justices being appointed by the Thuidwethon to non-members. Lawspeakers can serve up to 24 years, with each term being 12 years. The Council of Lawspeakers have the power of Judicial Review when there is a dispute within the interpretation of the law. The Council of Lawspeakers also mediates legal disputes levied between two government institutions.

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    Ruthenish Currency

    Today, the official currency of Ruthund is the Ruthenish Mathom (Ruthenrenoz: Ruthenlika Mothmaz). 1 Mathom is divided into 12 Broktodiz. The value of a Mathom can fluctuate, but it is safe to assume that a Mathom is around a quarter to a third of the value of a Euro. An important sidenote about Ruthenish currency is this is one of the areas of life where Ruthund has kept their base-12 counting system. This is why some numbers may come off weird when it is written in a decimal system like arabic numerals. This is also why Ruthund continues to use the Ruthenrenoz Numeral System when printing numbers on bills. Such is the life in modern Ruthund, you will have to learn both the base-12 and base-10 counting systems.

    Mathom comes from an archaic Ruthenish word for a gift or an item with which one uses to barter. Overtime, they became the coins which Ruthund used to measure its gold during the Early Modern Period. Broktodiz are older coins dating back to the 9th century and is actually a corruption of the word "Bracteate", which is a Latin borrowing describing small Germanic medallions often used for bartering in the Early Medieval Era. When Bracteates were considered Ruthenish currency to be minted, they initially came in both gold and silver. But overtime, silver became the preferred metal to use due to Ruthund's limited supply of gold.

    Broktodiz today still have a silvery appearance with a small amount of silver put into it. The subdivision of Ruthenish Currency are as follows. Note there is room for error as currencies do fluctuate:

    1 Broktod Coin = ~2 cents
    3 Broktod Coin = ~7 cents
    1 Mathom Coin = ~28 cents

    6 Mathom Bill= ~1 to 2 Euros
    24 Mathom Bill = ~7 Euros
    72 (half-gross) Mathom Bill = ~20 Euros
    144 (1 gross) Mathom Bill= ~40 Euros
    864 (6 gross) Mathom Bill= ~240-250 Euros (somewhat uncommon)
    1,728 (1 great gross) Mathom Bill= ~500 Euros (rare)

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    Thuidwethon: National Legislature for Ruthund

    The Thuidwethon (Ruthenish: the People's/National Assembly) is the the highest legislative body in Ruthund comprising of delegations from each of the Riklondoz. The Thuidwethon was once a Congress of the 3 most influential classes in Ruthund where they would advise the King on major policy making and the interests of each class. For most of its history, it was a body that was summoned periodically whenever a crisis took place in Ruthund. However starting in the 18th century, the body began to be summoned on a more permanent basis and served as the central body for the inner Royal Court in Ruthund. Though the institution later in the Ontharlikaz Period had signifficant power, arguably more than the Monarch, most of the power was concentrated into the hands of the Nobility within the court as they were assign the most important functions within the Legislature.

    During the reign of King Nuimentonaz, the Parliament underwent structural reforms where each class would elect members of the Thuidwethon based on the principles of Universal Suffrage and each class would have proportionally equal responsibilities within the duties of the legislature. Although the later reform would be reversed after the Second Kinstrife, suffrage of members of the Thuidwethon was retained. However elections were so infrequent that the practice of elections were rare in Ruthund between the 19th and 20th centuries.

    After the Kelontaz Uprising of 1994, the Republicans managed to secure key concessions from the Ruthenish establishment, such as the abolition of the class system. This made the Thuidwethon effectively into a modern Parliament that is typical within Europe. The three major parties in Ruthund however are successors to the previous class-based factions as they were never formally abolished-- although they do still resemble modern political parties today in practice.

    Type: Unicameral
    Seats: 75
    Last Election: 6 August, 2018
    Next Election: 9 August, 2021
    Term: 3 years
    Electoral Method: Single Transferable Vote

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    Government (38)
    Gilthoro 27
    Mutual Workers' 11

    Opposition (25)
    Thuidawoko 16
    Fyrharjo 9

    Other Parties (12)
    New Republican 12

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    Education in Ruthund
    Public Education in Ruthund starts at the age of seven with compulsory education ending around the average age of sixteen. However local daycare programs and higher-education institutions are considered part of the Ruthenish Education System. Predominantly, the two institutions that run the public education system in Ruthund are the Grand Temple and the State Office of Education.

    Day-Care (Bornwurduz)
    In Ruthund, free day-care is widespread, nearly universal-- particularly in the cities. Most of the free day-care programs are run by the Grand Temple, though have secularized their day-care programs since 2015 after Thutsubon communities successfully lobbied for their secularization. Anyone under the age of seven in Ruthund are eligible for free daycare by Temple services, though children under the age of 13 are eligible for after-school programs run by the church that fulfill a similar function.

    Education Track (Lozgroftwehaz)

    In Ruthund there are 9 years of compulsory education from the age of 7 to the age of 15 or 16. During the nine years of compulsory education, no standardized testing or academic grading is issued, though progress reports from teachers are common. Curriculum is centered around interpersonal skills and basic academic competence in Ruthenish, Mathematics, Natural Philosophy (Science), Social Philosophy (Social Studies), Religion, and a foreign language (either German or English).

    At 16, many Ruthens that are on the Ondgroftwehaz (academic path) will enter a Mekzgoulaz (College) which is an open-gate academic institution that prepares students for higher education at a Ondgrothidjamaz (Ruthenish equivalent to a University). Many Mekzgouloz will have a placement test called the Mazokon which determines which classes that a student is eligible to take and gives a general education plan to take the Nizokon, the exit exam that will determine which Higher Institutions in Ruthund that one may go to. If someone scores high on the Mazokon, it's not unheard of for a student to take the Nizokon soon after, thereby transferring directly into a Ondgrofthidjamaz. Though this is considered a huge achievement to pull off.

    Other Ruthens will take the Worwehaz (trade path) in which after their compulsory education, they will enter a Worthidjamaz (Trade School), which typically involves a 2-6 year apprenticeship, depending on the profession. Many will take a Jeldhwogainaz (literally a ‘Guild Study’), or a test to determine how proficient one is in their trade. Depending on the trade, many will find an apprenticeship or the correct classes until their education is complete.

    Compulsory Track (7-16)
    Bornurjorduz (Kindergarten): ages 7-11
    Zgoulaz (Comprehensive School): 12-16

    Academic Track (16+)
    *Mazokon (Placement Exam): 16-17
    Mekzgoulaz (College): 16-19/20
    *Nizokon (Exit Exam): 16+
    Ongrofthidjamaz (University): usually 19+

    Trade Track (16+)
    *Jeldhwogainaz (Placement Test): 16+
    Worthidjamaz (Trade School): 16+
    Apprenticeship: 2-6 years
    General Training: 1-4 years

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    Heads of State of Ruthund: 857 CE-1028 CE (The Early Kingdom)

    The Early Kingdom Period of Early Ruthenish history is characterized by rapid growth and expansion, colonization, and power struggles between the Christians in Ruthund and those who oppose the expansion of Christianity in Ruthund. Below is the Heads of State of Ruthund from 857-1028 CE, when the Early Kingdom period traditionally ends. The end of Ruthenish expansionism and the total colonization of what is today Northern Ruthund and subsequent rebellions would in contrast characterize the Middle Kingdom.

    Kazmuraz: 857-879
    King of All Ruthens, Lord of the North

    Halzdhanaz: 879-934
    High-King of the Great Ruthenrik

    Wirklentjoz: 934-939
    2nd High-King of the Great Ruthenrik

    Wirkzdondaz: 939-953
    3rd High-King of the Great Ruthenrik

    Feihoqanaz: 955-969
    4th High-King of the Great Ruthenrik

    Reknyrjoz: 969-981
    5th High-King of the Great Ruthenrik

    Hazdulaz: 981-990
    6th High-King of the Great Ruthenrik, Overlord of the Lesser Realms

    Kolankjoz: 990
    7th High-King of the Great Ruthenrik, Overlord of the Lesser Realms

    Jumondaz: 990-991
    8th High-King of the Great Ruthenrik, Overlord of the Lesser Realms

    Zihanhjonaz: 991-994
    9th High-King of the Great Ruthenrik

    Palhanuz: 994-1038
    Queen of the Great Ruthenrik, Mother of the Ruthenish State

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    Ruthenish Numerals (Rathrenoz)

    Though Ruthenish people regularly use arabic numerals today, Ruthund has long used a traditional numeral system of their own. Commonly referred to in Ruthund as Rathrenoz (litterally 'number-runes'), the counting system often accompanied with Ruthenrenoz. Rathrenoz is still used today in Ruthund in some contexts, examples including money, casual counting, and in some contexts for agriculture especially in the north of the country. Rathrenoz is a base-12 numeral system, and the only of its kind remaining in use. Unlike the arabic numeral system, Rathrenoz don't utilize digits as the primary method of expressing larger numbers. As a result, the numeral system has 28 distinct numbers that can be used as opposed to the 10 found in arabic numerals.

    Below is a summary of the numerical characters found in Rathrenoz:

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    Ruthenish Citizenship Oath of Allegiance:

    "I, [name], son/daughter of [name of parent], son/daughter of [name of grandparent], do hereby swear my service and my faithful allegiance to the Throne of the Realm of Great Ruthund, to its Stewards, who keep it unshaken, to the lawful assemblies of freepersons commissioned by the Throne, and pledge to uphold my duties and laws as required to me as a freeman/woman of Ruthenish people. May the tree and stars be my witness."

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    Ruthenish Political History, Prior to 1994

    Before 1993, Ruthund was an authoritarian government where dissent was actively suppressed. It was ruled de facto by a Steward, who was commissioned by the King, though was often done so under the nomination of the Thuidawoko, the Nobility Estate within the Thuidwethon. During this time, Ruthund remained officially a Realm under the direct rule of the King of Ruthund (Ruthenish: Thuidonaz Ruthundaiz), however the King rarely involved himself in Ruthenish politics and thus his power remained theoretical and the King remained secluded from public life. During this time the Nowugaz, or the Ruthenish secret police and intelligence agency, played an active role in politics.

    During the 1980’s political unrest within the court, resulting from the Kebentaron Controversy, gave way to some moderate political reform allowing for partially free elections to be held in the summer of 1986. The election resulted in the formation of the Republican faction within the Thuidwethon, which became the main opposition between the Loyalist faction. Following the 1992 elections, where the republican faction won an upset victory against the loyalist faction.

    Shortly after the elections, Lord Steward Ondwepaz ordered the Thuidwethon dissolved. Though the Steward did this legally as it was within his powers to do so, a public outcry ensued, especially within Rangentazavon, where the Republicans gained the most support. With some authoritarian measures still in effect, the Nowugaz started to arrest activists and organizers connected to the protests that followed.

    On January 20th, 1993 a paramilitary named the Freiwekaz, connected to the Republican Faction formed swearing to protect protesters and organizers against the military and the Nowugaz. This paramilitary gained support of several prominent members within the Rikzgel. On February 3rd, 1993 protestors took to the streets in Kazmurbirha to march to Rothbouruz Square. After a standoff between the Rikzgel and the Freiwekaz, the Rikzgel withdrew and the Rothbouruz was stormed by the protestors.

    Facing the possibility of a civil war, the Thuidwoko dismissed Lord Steward Ondwepaz and installed a more moderate Lord Steward Wutjoraz. After the summoning of a new Parliament, the Republicans entered into negotiations with the Loyalist faction. After tense negotiations, an agreement was reached to allow free elections in Ruthund alongside other key reforms, this would also result in the forced abdication of the King, replacing him with a Steward answerable directly to the Thuidwethon. This would later culminate into the Act of Basic National Law of 1993. The first free elections in Ruthund were held in August of 1994.

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