Political Parties: The Pillars
There are countless registered political parties in Fremet, however, only four hold seats in addition to Fremet's three major parties in the Staatsrat. A summation of each is below..
The Rødt - The Red Party
The Rødt was formed in 1923 as a splinter group from Fremet's dominant communist party, the Parti Communiste. Members of the Rødt left the old communist party in opposition to their collaboration in the Nicoleizian occupation of Fremet. Dominated by Fremet's French-speaking minority, the Parti Communist led the Fremetian Socialist Republic, and with many of its leaders jailed, its members barred from public service, and the party outlawed after the occupation, the Rødt, being the only surviving far left party in 1930, quickly garnered the reputation of harboring FSV officials. The party fell into such a steep decline that, by the formation of the Fifth Kingdom in 1935, the party was headed towards dissolution. Change would come though. In 1946, a new leader emerged in the floundering party, Walter Schmidt. Schmidt expelled many of the old Parti Communist and old guard from the days of the occupation and repositioned the Rødt as the left-wing alternative to the Fremetian Labour Party. By the 1950s, Schmidt managed to increase the Rødt's seats in the Staatsrat from zero in 1946 to 12 in 1957. A series of coalitions with the Labour Party in the 1960s and 1970s allowed the party to establish themselves as a legitimate and stable participant in Fremetian politics.
Today, the Rødt are still very much a far-left communist party. Focusing more on left unity than one single ideology, the Rødt has demonstrated an impressive ability to consistently balance the countless variations leftist thought and emphasise strong, consistent, and steady reform to create the societal, political, and economic conditions necessary for evolving Fremetian society into a post-capitalistic society. The Rødt's chief goal is best stated by Walter Schmidt in 1963, "We set forth on the path of reform. Only through manipulating the evolution of human society can we truly find our utopia. We must grow to fulfill our ideals as they are too enlightened and too generous for the selfish and careless society we live in and are conditioned to." Most of the criticism of the Rødt is that it seeks to please all corners of the left and that it compromises itself too much in seeking to distance itself from the Occupation. While it seems to have its execution well-planned, the Rødt does not seem to have a clear goal in mind.
Jermias Corbychov, the Rødt's current leader, while from the syndicalist branch of the party, was chosen in convention largely to address concerns over a lack of direction. Corbychov has outlined a multi-phased plan to introduce increasingly potent reforms to snuff out capitalism in Fremet. He is also known to be a long-time friend of Erik Johannsen, former leader of the Fremetian Socialist Party. Rumours of a possible coalition government between the Rødt and Socialists continue to grow, especially news that Solberg will not seek to renew the Socialist-Lib Dem "Golden Coalition."
Venstre - The Liberal Party
The Venstre are Fremet's first and oldest political party. Formed at the foundation of Fremetian democracy in 1735, the Venstre have managed to remain relevant in Fremetian politics for nearly three centuries. The Venstre are largely responsible for nearly every social, economic, and political reform in Fremet throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, even leading the government in exile during the occupation. It was Venstre politicians that spearheaded the rebellion that ultimately toppled the communist puppet state and expelled the Nicoleizian occupiers. The Venstre have not been without controversy however, opposition to the new 1935 constitution and subsequent formation of the Fifth Kingdom did a fatal blow to the party, leading it to lose over half of its seats to the newly-formed Liberal Democrats in the 1936 elections. The Venstre would never hold a majority again. The Venstre had a tough time rebuilding throughout the 20th century. Kept on life support by stubborn members and opportunistic coalitions with the Liberal Democrats and even Høyre, the Venstre managed to limp through into the new millenium.
Since then, the Venstre seem to have found their place in Fremetian politics as fitting in the narrow gap between the centrist umbrella Lib Dems and left-leaning Socialist Party. Recently, with Liberal Democrat politicians calling for a slowing to the pace of reform and a respect of the status quo, the Venstre have been able to carve out a new niche for themselves as members jump ship from the Lib Dems. The Venstre are running on an agenda emphasising "common sense" reform, calling for continued government regulation and social service efforts, but stopping short of the Socialist Party's push to pursue nationalising key industries.
The Venstre seem to be on the uptick, and are polling at their highest levels in nearly 50 years. It is likely that the Venstre will manage to swipe some seats away from both the Lib Dems and the socialists in the constituency elections.
Grønne - The Green Party
- Environmental Activism
- Leader: Anita Bastholm
The Grønne are Fremet's environmentalist activist party, formed in 1986. The main focus of the party is environmental protection and ecological sustainability. The party seeks to introduce a tax on wasteful consumption and to reorganise the food industry. The Greens have also pledged support for a reform in the agrarian industry, increasing the production of organic crops and strengthening the eco-friendly agricultural sector.
Though the Grønne are near laser-focused on environmental issues, they are largely progressive in the field of Fremetian politics and typically vote closely with the Liberal Democrats and Socialists on legislation.
The Grønne have a small but reliable constituency in Fremet and gave been gaining traction across the country as environmental issues continue to garner increased focus by Fremetians.
Fortschrittspartei - The Progress Party
- Libertarian Right-Wing
- Leader: Markus Hartmann
The Fortschrittspartei are Fremet's leading right wing party, often accusing Høyre of compromising conservative values for votes. The party seeks a more restrictive immigration policy and greater independence from the European Union. Formed in 1962 in response to sweeping economic reforms introduced by subsequent Labour and Lib Dem governments, the Fortschrittspartei continues to oppose expanding the government bureaucracy and supports downsizing the ever-growing public sector in Fremet.
Seen mostly as a reactionary party by many Fremetians, the Fortschrittspartei has managed to garner a decently-sized voting base of those discontent with the reforms enacted by Fremet's larger parties. Interestingly, the Fortschrittspartei now stops short of proposing cuts to social programmes, instead opting to focus on economic policy. The Fortschrittspartei, until 1999, was the only political party with seats in the Staatsrat that advocated cuts to social welfare programmes. In 1999, in response to strong political forces in Fremet and an economic recession, the party reversed their position on social welfare, calling it a "necessary measure to ensure the physical, financial, social, and mental health, safety, and stability of all Fremetians."
The Fortschrittspartei has been in rapid decline since the start of the 2010s, losing many of its seats to Høyre as the right in Fremet continues to shrink. It is expected that the Fortschrittspartei will lose a significant amount of their small proportion of seats in the coming election.