Government and Politics
The Kingdom of Montenbourg is a unitary state under a constitutional monarchy. King Lawrence I is the head of state of the Kingdom of Montenbourg. The monarch has "the right to be consulted, the right to encourage, and the right to warn". The Constitution of the Kingdom is codified in the Code of Montenbourg and consists mostly of a collection of written sources, including statutes, judge-made case law and international treaties, together with Code conventions. As there is no technical difference between ordinary statutes and "constitutional law", the Montenbourg Parliament can perform "constitutional reform" simply by passing Acts of Code, and thus has the political power to change or abolish almost any written or unwritten element of the constitution. However, no Parliament can pass laws that future Parliaments cannot change.
Montenbourg has a parliamentary government based on the Westminster system that has been emulated around the world: a legacy of the British Empire and influence. The parliament of the Kingdom meets in the Royal House of Montague and has two houses: an elected House of Commons and an appointed House of Lords. All bills passed are given Royal Assent before becoming law.
The position of prime minister, the Montenbourg's head of government, belongs to the person most likely to command the confidence of the House of Commons; this individual is typically the leader of the political party or coalition of parties that holds the largest number of seats in that chamber. The prime minister chooses a cabinet and its members are formally appointed by the monarch to form His Majesty's Government. By convention, the monarch respects the prime minister's decisions of government.
The cabinet is traditionally drawn from members of the prime minister's party or coalition and mostly from the House of Commons but always from both legislative houses, the cabinet being responsible to both. Executive power is exercised by the prime minister and cabinet, all of whom are sworn into the Privy Council of the Kingdom of Montenbourg, and become Ministers of the Crown. The current Prime Minister is William Anderson, who has been in office since 13 November 2015. Anderson is also the leader of the Classical and Libertarian Coalition. For elections to the House of Commons, Montenbourg is divided into 350 constituencies, each electing a single member of parliament (MP) by simple plurality. General elections are called by the monarch when the prime minister so advises.
The Classical Monarchist Party, the National Force Party and the Libertarian Party (formerly as the Liberal Party) have, in modern times, been considered the three major political parties, representing the Montenbourg traditions of conservatism, socialism and social liberalism, respectively. However, at the 2015 general election, the Nationalistz Party became the third-largest party by number of seats won, ahead of the Liberal Party. Most of the remaining seats were won by parties smaller parties Liberation Party and Green Party.
Marlborough Cranford, Apulia, Hayle, Naples and Triabunna each have their own government, led by a First Minister and a devolved unicameral legislature. Monten, the largest country of the Kingdom of Montenbourg, has no such devolved executive or legislature and is administered and legislated for directly by the Montenbourg's government and parliament on all issues. This situation has given rise to the so-called West question which concerns the fact that members of parliament from Marlborough Cranford, Apulia, Hayle, Naples and Triabunna can vote, sometimes decisively, on matters that only affect Monten. The Kidman Commission reported on this matter in March 2013 recommending that laws affecting only Monten should need support from a majority of Motnebourg members of parliament.
The Naples and Apulian Government and Parliament have powers over any matter that has not been specifically reserved to the Montenbourg Parliament, including education, healthcare, law and local government.
Montenbourg does not have a codified constitution and constitutional matters are not among the powers devolved to Marlborough Cranford, Apulia, Hayle, Naples and Triabunna. Under the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty, the Parliament could, in theory, therefore, abolish the Apulian Parliament, or Naples Parliament. Indeed, in 1972, the Parliament unilaterally prorogued the Parliament of Cranford, Hayle ,Marlborough and Triabunna setting a precedent relevant to contemporary devolved institutions. In practice, it would be politically difficult for the Parliament to abolish given the political entrenchment created by referendum decisions. The political constraints placed upon the Parliament's power were codified in the Regional Institutions Act of 2016, which established a Greater City Assembly and Montague mayor and solidified Montague and the Home Counties as being represented in a devolved Greater Montague Assembly.
Council of State or House Commons (Composition):
The Council of State (French: Conseil d'État, German: Staatsrat) is an institution in Montenbourg that advises the national legislature, the House of Lords. its also the country's supreme administrative court. The Council of State was created by King Edward I in the Coup of 1796 ("Council of State reflects us in all our strengths and all our weaknesses. It reflects our regional idiosyncrasies, our ethnic, religious, and racial diversity, our multitude of professions, and our shadings of opinion on everything from the value of war to the war over values. Congress is the government's most representative body ... Congress is essentially charged with reconciling our many points of view on the great public policy issues of the day.") . Is composed of Members are affiliated to the Classical Monarchist Party or to the Libertarian Party, and only rarely to a third-party or as independents. Council has 350 voting members: 175 Representatives and 175 States-mans. Of these, at least eleven Statesman must hold doctorates in law. Each Statesman serves a six-year term, with terms staggered, so every two years approximately one-third of the Council is up for election. No state of Montenbourg has two statemans.
Leader of the House of Commons: Jonh Tallonsi, MP
Shadow Leader of the House of Commons: Dominick Azcone, MP
Prime Minister: William Anderson, MP, Classical and Liberal CoalitioN
Leader of the Opposition: Sir Adolf Heinz-Stamer, MP, Nationalitz Party
Leader of the Liberal Party: Bernard Sanders, MP
Leader of the Classical Monarchist Party: Sir Ellliot Timothy, MP
Leader of the Green Party: Caroline Thompshon, MP
Serjeant-at-Arms: Abdur El-Hajji
Clerk of the House: David Clarks
House Of Lords
The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of Montenbourg.it meets in the Palace Parliment. Bills can be introduced into either the House of Lords or the House of Commons and members of the Lords may also take on roles as Government Ministers. The House of Lords has its own support services, separate from the Commons, including the House of Lords Library.
Unlike the elected House of Commons, most new members of the House of Lords are appointed. Membership of the House of Lords is made up of Lords Spiritual (Includes the High Nun and The Great Nun), and Lords Temporal. There are currently 26 Lords Spiritual who sit in the Lords by virtue of their ecclesiastical role in the established catholic church. The Lords Temporal make up the rest of the membership; of these, the majority are life peerswho are appointed by the Monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister, or on the advice of the House of Lords Appointments Commission.
How It Works?
The Chamber of Representatives or the Royal Chamber of lords is where Montenbourg legislative authority is concentrated; for a bill to become law, it must be resolved upon by this chamber. Bills passed by the Chamber of Representatives are sent to The kings approval for corroboration. If the King approves of the bill or simply does nothing for eight weeks, the bill has succeeded. If the King vetoes the bill, the National Council may still force it into law by essentially just passing it again; a Chamber of Representatives resolution overruling a Majesty objection merely has to meet a higher quorum than a regular resolution. In other words, King does not have any real power to prevent adoption of legislation, the Chamber of Representatives being trivially able to override it, but the King is also present at the chamber. There are three exceptions to this rule: bills amending constitutional law, bills curtailing the rights of Montenbourg member states, and bills pertaining to the organization of the legislature itself cannot be forced into law against Majesty opposition.
Speaker: Jhon Hood
Shadow Leader:Isobel Skyler
1.The Archbishop of Montague - Xavier Menslings
2.The Archbishop of Monterini- Pascual Easter
3.The Bishop of Newcastle-Jhon May
4.The Bishop of Duke- Marcus Tallaguer
5.The Bishop of Winchester- Albert Dorhim
6.The Great Nun- Mary Tallsbon
7.The High Nun- Isobella Bandser
•Baroness Diana of Coventry
•Lord Green of Hurstpierpoint
•Lord Wallace of Tankerness
•Baroness Anelay of St Johns
• Baroness Katia di Petrova of Bellmaount
•Lord Deighton of Walesville
•Lord Astor of Hever
•Earl Howe of Castletown
•Lord Freud of Charlesvile
•Baroness Verma of Saint Petersville
•Lord de Mauley of Londerbourg
•Viscount Montessio of Leckie
•Lord Taylor of Holbeach