• RE: Diplomatic Applications

    @ArithStateDept said in Diplomatic Applications:

    Application form:

    Nation Name on NationStates :Arithmithea
    Region: European Union

    Applying as: Diplomat

    Current alts and participation in other regions (if any): None
    Past participation in other regions (if any): None

    This thread is for members of other regions, not members of the EU. Please go to Member State Applications.

    posted in Welcome Centre
  • RE: Sildavia Football Association (SFA)

    His Majesty the Emperor’s Cup and Football League 1774.
    Final results

    posted in Culture and Sport
  • RE: German Empire, The

    Education in the German Empire

    The responsibility for the education system in Germany lies primarily with the states (Länder), while the federal government plays a role in providing the form in which all education takes place in the Empire. Optional Kindergarten (nursery school) education is provided for all children between one and six years old, after which school attendance is compulsory. Children, however, first attend Grundschule (literally meaning 'Ground School') from the age of six to eleven.

    Germany's secondary education is separated into two parts, lower and upper. Lower-secondary education in Germany is meant to teach individuals basic general education and gets them ready to enter upper-secondary education. In the upper secondary level Germany has a vast variety of vocational programs. The format of secondary vocational education is put into a way to get individuals to learn high skills for a specific profession. "Most of Germany highly skilled workforce has gone through the dual system of vocational education and training also known as V.E.T.". Many Germans participate in the V.E.T. programs. These V.E.T. programs are partnered with about 430,000 companies, and about 80 percent of those companies hire individuals from those apprenticeship programs to get a full-time job. This educational system is very encouraging to young individuals because they are able to actively see the fruit of their loom. The education system is encouraging to individuals because they know that most likely a job will be waiting for them when they are done with school. The skills that are gained through these V.E.T. programs are not easily transferable and once a company commits to an employ that came out of these vocational schools, they have a commitment to each other. Germany's V.E.T. programs prove that a college degree is not necessary for a good job and that training individuals for specific jobs could be successful as well.

    After children complete their primary education (at 12 years of age), there are three options for secondary schooling:

    1. Gymnasium (grammar school) until grade 12 or 13 (with Abitur as exit exam, qualifying for university); and
    2. Realschule until grade ten (with Mittlere Reife (Realschulabschluss) as exit exam);
    3. Gesamtschule (comprehensive school), ending at grade 10 with a certificate of completion.

    Most students who go on to the realschule go on to reach vocational school at the V.E.T. program. Others who complete gesamtschule either enter the workforce immediately or opt to take entrance exams into the gymnasium of their choice.

    Many of Germany's hundred or so institutions of higher learning charge little or no tuition by international comparison. Students usually must prove through examinations that they are qualified.

    In order to enter university, students are, as a rule, required to have passed the Abitur examination; since 2009, however, those with a Meisterbrief (master craftsman's diploma) have also been able to apply. Those wishing to attend a "university of applied sciences" must, as a rule, have Abitur or a Meisterbrief. If lacking those qualifications, pupils are eligible to enter a university or university of applied sciences if they can present additional proof that they will be able to keep up with their fellow students through a Begabtenprüfung or Hochbegabtenstudium (which is a test confirming excellence and above average intellectual ability).

    A special system of apprenticeship called Duale Ausbildung allows pupils on vocational courses to do in-service training in a company as well as at a state school.

    posted in The European Factbook
  • RE: Eurovoice 34 // Halibon, Angleter

    Welcome to Eurovoice 34!

    It's now time for the countries of Europe to choose their favourite song.

    Please rank ALL entries EXCEPT YOUR OWN according to the following format (with 12 being your favourite, and zero points / 2nd your least favourite), and send your votes by direct message, via either NationStates telegram, forum chat, or Discord, to both @Angleter and @Inquista. Since I'm both head of Eurovoice and the host, Inquista will be verifying the results. Invalid votes will not be counted. Any country that fails to submit a valid vote by the deadline will be disqualified and banned from participating in EV 35.

    If you have any questions about the voting system, don't hesitate to ask.

    The full list of entries and links can be found at the top of the page. Happy voting!

    You have until 23.59 GMT on April 21st to submit your vote.

    Vote format

    12:
    10:
    8:
    7:
    6:
    5:
    4:
    3:
    2:
    1:
    
    Zero points
    
    1st:
    2nd:
    
    posted in Culture and Sport
  • RE: Nicolezian-German Summit, Bonn

    The Chancellor nodded her head in agreement; this would be a lot easier than perhaps she thought.

    "Ja, a common fisheries policy is definitely in the vein of something we can get behind. We also appreciate the idea of quotas. Our Green coalition partners will thank you for that. We will make sure to send our best marine biologists to the Deutsches-Nicoletzen commission.

    "On the topic of waters and international policy, I'd like to ensure that we have a cooperation zone that we both recognise our two nations as controllers of that channel and we work together to secure it from threats and protect shipping and passenger craft. We also propose a joint coast guard effort and permission to move ships within our maritime borders should we need to.

    "How does that sound to the Premier?" asked the Chancellor

    posted in Politics and Incidents
  • RE: Eurovoice 34 // Halibon, Angleter

    Country: Marrakechia
    Artist: Cleo
    Song: Łowcy Gwiazd
    Link: https://youtu.be/xBB1GLK1xPc
    Broadcaster: 2MTV

    posted in Culture and Sport
  • RE: SildaviaNews - SildoRTV

    More information on
    General election in Sildavia

    posted in Politics and Incidents
  • RE: Angleter, Apostolic Kingdom of

    POLITICS OF ANGLETER


    I. THE KING AND THE APOSTOLIC CROWN

    The King of Angleter, George V, is the sovereign ruler of Angleter. Historically, the King or Queen was an absolute monarch, although they usually devolved day-to-day power to appointed ministers. However, over the last half century, and especially since the Constitution of 1973, the King has functioned as a constitutional monarch. Under the Constitution, the King retains almost absolute authority to appoint and dismiss Government ministers, and all ministers exercise power in his name, as the Apostolic Crown of Angleter. He is, however, subject to limits on the number of MPs he can appoint as ministers, in order to preserve the independence of Parliament.

    The Apostolic Crown holds a range of powers under the Constitution, including the power to dismiss and recall Parliament, and the power to veto legislation. However, the Apostolic Crown cannot do various things, such as raise taxes, spend money, make legislation, or declare war, without Parliament.

    This means that the King is also limited, in practice, in whom he can appoint as ministers – any Government would need to command the support of Parliament, and so the King almost always appoints a victorious party leader as Prime Minister and accepts their choice of ministers. If the King were to dismiss his ministers, it would likely cause an election.

    Despite his role at the heart of the Constitution, the King generally keeps silent on day-to-day party political matters, in order to maintain his role as a symbol of national unity, and in order to maintain healthy working relationships with all parties. While he chairs Cabinet meetings, he rarely takes part in Cabinet votes. However, the previous King, Joseph IV, spoke out occasionally on issues such as Angleter's accession to the European Union, and it is generally accepted that the monarch's word, while used rarely, carries great weight with the public.


    II. PARLIAMENT

    Parliament is the supreme legislative body in Angleter. The Constitution frames Angleteric politics as a relationship between the Crown and the nation, and Parliament is the official representative body of the Angleteric nation. It comprises two chambers – the elected Chamber of the Plebeians, and the mostly hereditary Chamber of the Nobility.

    The Chamber of the Plebeians has 497 members (MPs), elected in single-member constituencies under the first-past-the-post system, which was reinstated in 2009. All Angleteric citizens over the age of 18 may vote in these elections, except for the King, members of the Chamber of the Nobility, convicted prisoners, bankrupts, and those certified insane. All legislation must first be proposed in the Chamber of the Plebeians, and it is considered by far the more powerful chamber of Parliament.

    Legislation in the Chamber of the Plebeians is subject to a rigorous legislative process. A Bill is first debated on its general principles, and then either voted down or sent to one of the Chamber's powerful committees, which then scrutinises the Bill and proposes amendments to it. The whole Chamber then deliberates on those amendments and holds a final vote on the Bill before sending it to the Chamber of the Nobility.

    Committees in the Chamber of the Plebeians are large groups of around 30 MPs from all parties, focussed on a specific area. Their roles include scrutinising legislation, questioning Government ministers and holding them to account, and conducting enquiries relating to their area.

    The Chamber of the Nobility consists of 275 hereditary noblemen and women, and 24 Catholic bishops, all of whom are required to be non-partisan, although it is generally regarded as quite traditionalist in outlook. It is rare that this Chamber rejects a Bill passed by the Chamber of the Plebeians outright, especially after a confrontation with a Socialist government in 1980 where it was threatened with abolition. It does, however, suggest amendments, which the Chamber of the Plebeians then deliberates on. Bills can go back and forth multiple times before both Chambers agree on a text which is passed on for the King's approval.


    III. THE JUDICIARY

    Angleteric politics is centred around Parliament and the Apostolic Crown, leaving the judiciary relatively weak. The law is first and foremost interpreted by Parliament itself via further legislation where necessary, leaving little room for 'judicial activism'. The Constitutional Court may impose temporary injunctions on legislation or activity that it rules to be unconstitutional, but it defers to Parliament and the Apostolic Crown as to how any such quandary should be resolved. The Constitutional Court consists of seven members, appointed by the Apostolic Crown, subject to the approval of the Chamber of the Plebeians.

    Angleter has a common law system inherited from the English crusaders who founded the country in the early 13th century, although its laws have since diverged considerably and taken on influence from other sources of law, including Byzantine law, Catholic canon law, French customary law, and Islamic sharia and 'urf.

    There are three main streams to Angleteric law – civil, criminal, and equity. In criminal law, the lowest court is the Magistrates’ Court, presided over by elected Justices of the Peace, where small offences may be dealt with (only if the defendant pleads guilty), and where preliminary criminal proceedings are held. Cases are then tried before a 15-member jury at the Crown Court; and convicted defendants may appeal the jury’s verdict, or the judge’s sentence, at the Appellate Court, which may adjust sentences, or overturn verdicts and order a retrial.

    In civil law, preliminary proceedings take place at the hundred court, which can also deal with smaller claims. Most cases, however, are dealt with by one of seven civil courts – the Court of Matrimonial Causes (family law), the Court of Admiralty (maritime law), the Court of Probate (wills), the Court of Constitutional Causes (constitutional law), the Court of King’s Bench (claims relating to the Apostolic Crown), the Court of Exchequer (debts), and the Court of Common Pleas (all other issues). Appeals from the former four go straight to the Constitutional Court, while appeals from the latter three go first to the Court of Exchequer Chamber.

    Equity law exists as a counterweight to the possible harshness, and slow pace of change, of the normal common law system; and can offer remedy to deserving plaintiffs where the current corpus of common law can offer no relief. Equity cases include, but are not limited to, matters relating to trusts, fiduciary law, relief against penalties and forfeiture, bankruptcy, and injunctions. The main equity courts are the Courts of Chancery, whose decisions can be appealed at the Appellate Court of Chancery.


    IV. DEVOLUTION

    Although Angleter is technically a unitary state, decentralisation is woven into its political system. The country is divided into sixteen provinces, each in turn divided into 'boroughs' (large cities and towns) and 'hundreds' (more rural areas), with the boroughs in turn divided into neighbourhoods. Many of these smaller units operate a form of direct democracy, and all units below provincial level are non-partisan.

    Angleteric politics, at least in theory, operates on the principle that each issue should be dealt with at the lowest possible level, and each level of government is mostly self-financing, with some degree of 'equalisation' between richer and poorer areas. Policy making in Angleter usually involves the Apostolic Crown or Parliament setting a framework, and allowing provincial and local governments and legislatures to apply that framework in their own way.

    The sixteen provinces have their own Parliamentary system, and a member of the nobility acting as Lord Lieutenant, effectively filling the role of the King at provincial level. However, provincial legislatures and governments are firmly subordinate to national law, although some national laws may be subject to a temporary injunction by provinces in extreme cases.


    V. POLITICAL CULTURE

    Angleter is generally considered a centre-right country, and has had centre-right governments for most of its democratic history. The Conservative Party, founded in 1973 by Sir Charles Catt out of the ashes of the old Levantine Legion, governed from a socially conservative standpoint for most of the 1970s. It later merged into the CLP, or Conservative and Libertarian Party, which combined social conservatism with economic liberalism, and which dominated Angleteric politics in the 1990s and 2000s. It usually governed with centrist, nationalist, traditionalist, or libertarian coalition partners.

    In 2009, the Democratic Party, founded by Navdeep Khatkar in opposition to the Neo-Venetia War, swept to power and became Angleter's main centre-right party, although since its defeat in 2015 it has become increasingly divided between conservatives who identify with the tradition of the CLP, and liberals, who would consider themselves heirs to the Social Liberal Party, which supplied a Prime Minister in the form of Janet Norris in the 1980s, as part of a coalition deal with the Socialists.

    Many social conservative parties flourished as the CLP drifted away from the Conservative Party's traditionalist roots, and the most successful of these was the staunchly militaristic and nationalist Angleter National People's Party. This tradition has, however, withered in recent years, torn between the hawkish Democrats and the new brand of anti-war right-wing populism advocated by the Citizen Alliance, which gained power in 2018.

    Angleter's left wing has long been conscious of its position as a minority, but often has successfully broadened its appeal to obtain power. The Socialist Party was a social democratic party which focussed on economic issues, aiming not to alarm the socially conservative impulses of many working-class and lower middle-class Angleteric voters. It enjoyed its ascendancy in the 1980s and 1990s, before a massive defeat in 1997 led it to tack to the left, absorbing the orthodox Marxists of the Communist Party.

    The Socialists split in 2008, with the Communists re-adopting their old identity, and the Socialists rebranding as the Social Democratic Party. A traditional focus on economic left-wing populism and moderate social policies restored the party's fortunes briefly in 2015, with Sam Courtenay forming a minority government than endured for three years.

    The Communists, meanwhile, have sought to broaden their appeal beyond traditional working-class enclaves where the local trade unions happened to have a stronger Marxist tradition. It reabsorbed a Maoist offshoot, the Social Republican Party, in 2011, and a growing alliance with student activist groups led it to join an electoral alliance known as the Coalition for Socialism and Liberation in 2016. The CSL's focus on intersectional activism has found it a new, young voter base, at the expense of some of the Communists' already-dwindling working-class support.

    posted in The European Factbook
  • RE: Galilaus

    POLITICAL PARTIES OF GALILAUS

    Offically Recognized Political Parties

    The following is a list of political parties that have been officially recognized by the government of Galilaus as legitimate and thus have the ability to run for and hold public office. However, most positions in public office are determined by L'avanguardia Tecnologica (the Technological Vanguard), which is composed of the scientific and technological elite of the nation.

    • Il Popolo per un Nuovo Rinascimento (The People for a New Renaissance)
      Ideology: Technocratic socialism (majority); Marxism-Leninism (minority)
      Membership: Est. 7 million

    • Bella Galilaus (Beautiful Galilaus)
      Ideology: Environmentalism, eco-socialism
      Membership: Est. 2.2 million

    Non-Recognized Parties

    The following parties are not officially recognized by the government of Galilaus, thus restricting them from running for and holding public office. The reasons for non-recognition vary. A party will not be recognized by the government if they do not have at least 1 million members, or if their ideology includes capitalism, fascism, monarchism, racism, anti-semitism, anti-immigration, anti-EU, homophobia/transphobia, or primitivism. Thought his is not absolute, as exceptions can be made at the discretion of L'avanguardia Tecnologica.

    • Fronte Anarchico d'Galilaus (Anarchist Front of Galilaus)
      Ideology: Anarcho-syndicalism, confederalism
      Membership: Est. 500,000

    • Partito de Partenza (Party for Departure)
      Ideology: Anti-EU, anti-immigration, ultra-nationalism
      Membership: Est. 350,000

    • Legione di Cesare (Legion of Caesar)
      Ideology: Roman imperial restoration, jingoism, monarchism
      Membership: Est. 100,000

    • Partito Liberale (Liberal Party)
      Ideology: Classical liberalism
      Membership: Est. 50,000

    posted in The European Factbook
  • SildaviaNews - SildoRTV

    FLASH: Conservative Party leads the results in 1774 general election, followed by socialists. Nationalist party has lost seats and the only State Governorship it had.
    Chancellor Gasteiz announces the end of the conservative-socialist coalition, having reached an agreement to form a government with the Liberal Party, an arrangement which ruled Sildavia between 1764 and 1769.
    More detailed information will follow.

    posted in Politics and Incidents