• RE: European Space Exploration Act of 2020

    I would like to propose the following amendments to specify some conditions given:

    Amendment I:
    Section I.
    Whereas, the ESA will have its headquarters in the Free City of Europolis and office branches within all member-states of the European Union.
    Whereas, the ESA will build a Space Complex within the edge of the Free City of Europolis via land reclamation.
    Whereas, the ESA Space Complex may be used by any space agency, whether government run or private owned, of all European member-states if necessary.

    Amendment II:
    Section II.
    Whereas, the ESA shall have authority over the use of space technology by any member-state of the European Union including government run or private owned agencies.
    Whereas, the ESA may give any appropriate punishment to any space agency of any member-state that violates any section of this act, this may include suspension of operation within a certain period of time.
    Whereas, the ESA may establish additional regulations about space research and exploration via the SERC.
    Whereas, the ESA has the rights to issue licenses to private space agencies for operation.
    Whereas, the ESA may hand-over the jurisdiction to the ECoJ if a member-state fails to comply with any Space Research and Exploration Regulation (SRER).
    Whereas, the ESA has no rights over military exercises that involves the use of space technology.
    Whereas, the ESA shall remain transparent of all information gathered whether from joint or independent researches.

    Amendment III:
    Section III.
    Whereas, space vehicles such as rockets and satellites sent out have the following limitations for each location:
    For each member-state:

    • Low-Earth orbit- corresponds to the size of 4 Hubble Space telescopes
    • Medium Earth orbit- corresponds to the size of 7 Hubble Space telescopes
    • High Earth orbit- corresponds to the size of 10 Skylab Satellites
    • Moon- corresponds to 3 Apollo 11 Lunar Modules
    • Beyond Earth orbit- unlimited number of vehicles

    Whereas, use of Nuclear Energy for fueling space rockets are prohibited.
    Whereas, launching of space vehicles each day is limited to 3 rockets per space agency to prevent the increase of pollution via too much combustion of rocket fuel.
    Whereas, use of space-borne WMD is prohibited.
    Whereas, national space agencies must notify the ESA for any incoming space launches.
    Whereas, all national space agencies are automatically given license to operate.
    Whereas, all member-states may only have 1 dedicated national space agency.
    Whereas, private space agencies must apply for a license to operate from the ESA.

    Amendment IV:
    Section IV.
    Whereas, the Astronaut General shall hold the highest authority over the ESA and shall preside over council meetings.
    Whereas, the Directors of Space Exploration and Space Research shall preside side-to-side together over SERC meetings in the absence of the Astronaut General.
    Whereas, the Space Exploration and Research Council (SERC) shall be made up of 8 members which vote over proposed Space Memorandum Resolutions (SMR) to be passed as a Space Research and Exploration Regulation (SRER).
    Whereas, the absence of any SER Councilor shall be limited to 14 consecutive days.
    Whereas, SER Councilors absent from the SERC for more than 14 consecutive days are subject for replacement and immediate by-election.
    Whereas, the following officials in the ESA must be elected within a period of time:

    • Astronaut-General- elected every 6 months
    • Director of Space Exploration (DSE)- elected every 3 months
    • Director of Space Research (DSR)- elected every 3 months
    • Space Exploration and Research Council- elected every 6 months

    Whereas, all member-states shall provide a representative in the Space Exploration and Research Council (SERC)
    Whereas, all member-states with a licensed national space agency have the rights to nominate at most 3 candidates for the SERC, 1 candidate for either the DSE or the DSR, and 1 for Astronaut-General.
    Whereas, election of ESA Officials shall follow the same election procedures of the European Commission.

    Amendment V:
    Section V. Definitions of Terms and Specification of Parameters
    Whereas, the Hubble Space Telescope's size in Section III is defined as:

    • Length: 43.5 feet (13.2 m)
    • Maximum Diameter: 14 feet (4.2 m)

    Whereas, the Skylab Satellite's size in Section III is defined as:

    • Length: 84 feet (25.6032 m)
    • Maximum Diameter: 22 feet (6.7056 m)

    Whereas, the Apollo 11 Lunar Module's size in Section III is defined as:

    • Weight: 15,103 kg

    Whereas, the ESA Space Complex in Section I will be defined as:

    • Total Land Area: 600 sq. km (231.661 sq. mi)
    • Total Reclaimed Land Area: 500 sq. km (193.051 sq. mi)

    Whereas, Space Memorandum Resolutions are defined as to something similar to proposals made to the EU Council but are intended only for the SERC which follows the same procedures until it becomes a Space Research and Exploration Regulation.
    Whereas, Space Research and Exploration Regulations are laws intended for space research and exploration whether to restrict an action or to further support something such as a new method of launching spacecraft.

    Note:

    • All additional phrases, clauses, articles, or parts are italicized.
    • All parts of the previous proposal that are in strike through are subject for removal.
    • An additional Section V is included for the sake of Definitions of terms and Specification of parameters.

    Ben Hufton
    Councilor, United Reichs of Reitzmag

    posted in European Council
  • RE: European Space Exploration Act of 2020

    The debate extension shall be granted. Councillors will have until 22:45 GMT January 29th, 2020 to further debate this bill and propose amendments.

    Edward Firoux
    Council Speaker and Councillor for Inquista

    posted in European Council
  • RE: European Space Exploration Act of 2020

    To explain properly what some terms used here really means.
    Firstly, the ESA space complex will be built on the edge of the Free City of Europolis via land reclamation. This will mainly house the ESA Central Office but may also be used by any space company, government-owned or private, if necessary. And I agree to Cllr. Falk's idea "that the ESA work as some sort of optional intermediary for EU Member-states and private corporations that get those who need an area to launch their space-related projects together with those who already have the necessary facilities in the right location".
    Secondly, the ESA will have authority over both national and private space agencies within a member-state.
    The main goal of the regulations given on Section III is to limit the amount of nuclear waste and space junk orbiting around the Earth and to prevent spread of radioactive material in case of an in-flight explosion.
    The ESA is not an additional middleman for private organizations to get involved in the space industry. The ESA will remain neutral over the private space companies and will have no authority over their transactions and intercompany relations.
    The ESA is made to also assist any national and private space companies in case of emergency or any other necessity like additional personnel or additional space vehicle.

    Ben Hufton
    Councilor, United Reichs of Reitzmag

    posted in European Council
  • RE: Spanish - Malboryan Summit - Malbory City, Malborya

    Mr. Eusebiu: Ah, Clarviu! Quite the talkative man. I'd predict he told you a story or two of his during the motorcade.

    Mr. Eusebiu proceeds to call the internal kitchen.

    Mr. Eusebiu: Tre acuabote, voleri? Grazei. (Three water bottles, please? Thanks.)

    Hangs up.

    Mr. Eusebiu: Alright. Let's get on with the negotiations now, shall we?

    A maid knocks on the door to bring the three water bottles.

    Mr. Eusebiu: Entranze! (Enter!)

    *Maid puts the bottles on the table and leaves.

    Mr. Eusebiu: Grazei nor. (Thanks a lot.)

    Mr. Eusebiu: Let's keep our priorities straight: There are two things my government and I would like to estabilish: Free movement of the people and free trade between the two countries.

    ...

    Mr. Eusebiu: Now, If the Spanish President or the Spanish Government has anything else they want to estabilish with The Republic, we will consider.

    posted in Politics and Incidents
  • RE: European Space Exploration Act of 2020

    Thank you Cllr. Hufton for provoking this discussion in the council, its been a topic I have been meaning to tackle for quite some time but was unsure of how to tackle it. That being said, this act has many sections that go against the Archrepublic's goals, ethics, and current successes in space exploration. Unless this act is massively overhauled, the Archrepublic will not support it.

    Truth be told, I had about fifteen or so amendments ready to effectively rewrite this act. Many of which would gut it and change entire goals of the act. I realized however it would be more useful to say that this act just is incompatible with what I and the Archrepublic view as necessary to successful exploration of the stars. For now I will not propose these amendments as I am still researching and cutting them as necessary to be effective ways to amend this act, but I did wish to get my thoughts out before this.

    Firstly, the first section covers the establishment of some European Space Administration. That was to be expected with such an proposed act on this topic, however, it stays that the ESA will build a "Space Complex" in the Free City of Europolis. I can only assume without proper definitions that this act is proposing building a launch site not just in the middle of highly populated landlocked section of the European continent , but in a major city!?!?! For the safety of the citizens here in Europolis I can not support such a dangerous proposal.

    Launch sites are typically built by the water or in extremely rural areas. This is to ensure that in case of a major launch disaster that the danger to civilians will be as limited as possible. If the ESA is to have its own launch site it must fit one of these parameters. However, this rests on the definition of a "Space Complex" being a launch site, and not just a generic headquarters or mission control area. I request Cllr. Hufton propose an amendment to properly define "Space Complex".

    If "space complex" is to mean a launch site, I would much rather that the ESA work as some sort of optional intermediary for EU Member-states and private corporations that get those who need an area to launch their space-related projects together with those who already have the necessary facilities in the right location. This would be a far more effective use of European budget funds as well as give the intention of fostering cooperation in the EU.

    Moving onto section two. I have significant issues with the wordings on this section. This section states that the ESA will have total authority over space technology by any member-state in the European Union, much like Speaker Firoux I am confused as to whether this may or may apply to private companies. I am more concerned however by how this would cover military applications of space technology, as well as a completely overarching European arm not on the relatively young space industry. Alongside blanket authority to dull out "appropriate punishments" and more possibly unnecessary regulations with little if any say from the member-states; this entire section is a non-starter with the Archrepublic. It either needs to be completely reworked or removed completely to have any chance of being accepted by us.

    I would love to see the ESA work to instead cross-harmonize regulations between member-states.

    The Archrepublic will also not stand for the limitations proposed in the first portion of Section 3. The Archrepublic's position geographical makes launches both a big investment and risk for any party involved. If this act were to pass it would violate this entire section, as the Archrepublic will not deorbit any satellites to meet these completely artbitary and rather insane limitations. This is also on my working assumption that this section seeks to limit the total number of satellites, or is it mass? Possibly number and mass? It's quite hard to tell without properly defining what this entire portion of the section means with hard numbers and units. Does it apply to private organizations as well? I'm sorry but this attempt to limit space exploration is not only outrageous but detrimental for the development of continued spaceflight.

    Does the act intend to ban the use of nuclear energy for only launch vehicles or any space vehicle? Nuclear propulsion is theoretically among the safest and most outright efficient in propulsion methods for long term space vehicles and the Archrepublic would like to see this section more defined or removed until more research has been finalized on the subject. It should be noted you can not use nuclear energy in any way right not as a fuel for launch vehicles due to the practical limitations.

    Finally, does the three launches a day apply across the union or per member-states? Overall I would like to see this section removed nonetheless.

    I would prefer the ESA not be an additional middleman for private organizations to get involved in the space industry, Vayinaod has worked extremely hard over the last 15 years to foster its private space industry. I believe that the ESA, if its governing bodies were expanded to all member-states with representatives, could establish basic guidelines and requirements but it should remain up to the memberstates, The ESA could limit these organizations in cross border functions obviously however.

    Finally in Section 4, I would like to see how other Councillors would feel if this entire section was amended to be simply a European Space Advisory Council, where every national agency was awarded one representative automatically, with one Director elected annually by the council. Similar to my European Aviation Standardization Act.

    I think my thoughts as best summarized as such, this act needs definitions and better ways to describe what it intends, but if its intentions are what I am reading right now. I can not support this act, and I am afraid my amendments would completely dismantle the author's intentions and I have no wish to hijack someone else's act without their consent.

    Finally I would request a debate extension of 72 hours from Speaker Firoux.

    Cllr. Carita Falk
    Archrepublic of Vayinaod

    posted in European Council
  • RE: Spanish - Malboryan Summit - Malbory City, Malborya

    Mr. Aguilar: Mr. Eusebiu! Nice too meet you again! Yes, it's been a very long flight. I'd like to have a glass of water is it's possible please. Thank you for your recievement,

    Alfonso Dastis: I'd also like one glass of water please. Also, thank you for your great recievement. Mr. Clarviu has been an amazing host during the motorcade travel.

    posted in Politics and Incidents
  • RE: European Space Exploration Act of 2020

    I quite like the idea of a unitary European space agency. Space exploration is definitely an area which would benefit from a concerted and unified regional effort. Space exploration requires exceptional technical knowledge, skill, resources and money, and therefore a pooled effort would significantly help to reduce barriers to space exploration and help foster mutually-beneficial cooperation.

    With that said, I'm not sure if this bill, at least in its current form, would help foster such cooperation. While I like the overall idea and premise of the bill, it certainly has some problems areas that need to amended in order for it to be effective.

    I will go through it section by section, but my most immediate recommendation is that this bill requires a definitions section where some of the terms, acronyms, etc. have precise definitions. If a bill like this would have to go to the European Court of Justice, you would ideally want to leave as little room for interpretation as possible, and right now, there is a lot of room.

    Section I is mostly fine, but I'm not quite sure what the Space Complex is. I can imagine it's some sort of headquarters, but the Space Complex is only mentioned in Section I and there is no description of it and it doesn't seem to have any sort of mandate or tasks assigned to it. I can imagine what it's purpose is supposed to be, but the legislation itself doesn't give us any indication.

    My only problem with Section II is the very first line. It's quite vague, to the point that it seems like the ESA will expropriate all existing space technology of the member-states. What is meant by the term 'authority'? What is meant by the term 'member-state'? Does it mean the governments of the member-states, or the member-states as a whole? The vast majority of all space technology in Inquista is owned and operated by private companies for commercial purposes, and this vagueness sits uncomfortably with me.

    Section III as a whole is very confusing. This is the section that would benefit the most from having a definitions section. I have no idea what a Hubble Space telescope is. I'm not entirely sure if any European state has used one of those. Same goes for whatever an Apollo is. Though, I agree with all the limitations. They sit fine with me. The only clause I find a bit strange is the last one about private space agencies having to apply for a license to operate from the ESA. Licensing as a whole has not been outlined in this bill, and no where in this legislation has it been mentioned that the ESA has licensing power to begin with. I assume then, that government agencies are automatically licensed? The term 'licensed national space agency' is mentioned near the end of the bill, but only in explaining something totally different, so I'm just assuming this is a thing. But again, legislation shouldn't leave room for massive and sweeping assumptions. Could a country create a government agency outside of the ESA? Could there theoretically be an unlicensed government agency? It is mentioned earlier in the bill that the ESA would have authority over member-state space technology, but the rest remains unclear.

    Section IV also leaves me pretty lost. What are Space Memorandum Resolutions? What are Space Research and Exploration Regulations? Having an 8-member Space Exploration and Research Council also strikes me as quite arbitrary, and I feel like every member-state of the ESA should automatically get one and only one member of the SERC, otherwise why would a member-state consent to joining such an organization without having any representation?

    These are just my thoughts. I'm interested in what others have to say.

    Edward Firoux
    Council Speaker and Councillor for Inquista

    posted in European Council
  • RE: Spanish - Malboryan Summit - Malbory City, Malborya

    Mr. Clarviu: My pleasure! I was born and raised here. I know these roads like the back of my hand!

    The motorcade ends after half an hour. Mr Clarviu opens the door for the Spanish President, as well as Mr Dastis.

    Mr. Clarviu: That way, sir. We're going to enter through the guest entrance to not disturb the MPs.

    The two Spanish men enter through the guest entrance. The corridor is speckled with statues and portraits of Malboryan leaders. The distant sound of MP's shouting and arguing can be heard through.

    After a while of walking, Mr Clarviu knocks the door of the guest room.

    Mr. Eusebiu: (muffled) Entranze!

    The door opens and all three men enter through.

    Mr. Eusebiu: Ah! I have been waiting in this room for hours! Clarviu, potande, sei?

    Mr. Clarviu leaves the room after Mr Eusebiu's demand.

    Mr. Eusebiu: Volla, Jesus and Alfonso!.. Hmm... That must have been a long flight. Want anything before we start talking about... anything?

    posted in Politics and Incidents
  • RE: European Space Exploration Act of 2020

    Debate on this bill starts NOW and will last until 22:45 GMT January 26th, 2020.

    I have quite a few thoughts on this bill and will share them in just a moment.

    Edward Firoux
    Council Speaker and Councillor for Inquista

    posted in European Council
  • RE: Spanish - Malboryan Summit - Malbory City, Malborya

    Jesús: That was simply amazing. We've been lucky to meet you Mr. Clarviu, because you know a lot of things about the route and the city. Congratulations for being such a great host to us on this motorcade.

    posted in Politics and Incidents