Factbook: The Commonwealth of Leagio
The Political Parties of Leagio
The Commonwealth of Leagio has a large number of politcal parties with each wanting something. However, most of the smaller parties are regional, but the main national parties range from Left to Right.
Socialist Union Party (SUP):
A Left-wing party that wants the government to seize the means of production and ensure equality of the working-class. They believe that Leagio should be making strides through a system of cooperative efforsts that are done through the people and citzens. In addition, the party is mixed with people that want a workers revolution in just Leagio or throught the rest of the world. Furthermore the party wants to form a more central government that has a system of republics within Leagio.
Civil Populist Partry (CPP):
A centre-left party that historically has represented the will of the people. It is a party that tends to hear the cries of demands of the people and work to resolve it in any way that they can. The party represents the interests of the common man. The party believes that the nation should respond to the needs of its constituents and lend them a helping hand. People that have long supported the party tend to refer it to the 'Party of the Common Man.' Although, the party has met criticism of not being effective in enacting the will of the people that it represents. In addition, the Party advocates for equal rights and naturalization of peoples coming to the Commonwealth.
Social Democrat Party (SDP):
A party on the left that favors the implementation of social democracy in Leagio. They want to achieve social justice and to less inequality within a framework of democracy and a mixed economy. They believe that regulation of all industries should be done while allowing the system of capitalism to continue. In addition, they believe that the access to social services are to be a right for all Leagioans.
Leagioan Pact of Democracy (LPD):
A Big-Tent party that is meant mainly for individuals that want to run with no limitations on platforms that they wish run on. Individuals that run for office in this party are typically referred to as independents.
Progressive Alliance Party (PAP):
A left-centre to right-centre party that wants to protect social welfare, promoting moral improvement, creating economic reform and fostering industrial efficiency within the Commonwealth. The Party has a neutral stance toward the European Union, because they see the European Union as a chance to economically expand the Commonwealth but feel that the EU needs to have some changes within its laws. Historically, the Progressive Alliance tends to align with the Conservative Reform Party in a coalition to form a government whenever possible but that has not been done in over 35 years as the party began to shift away from conservative politics to a more centered but progressive platform of their own.
Conservative Reform Party (CRP):
A centre-right party that wants to implement fiscal spending within the Leagioan Government. In addition, the party wants to remove the welfare laws and programs that were implemented by the Civil Populist Party. The party wants reform in the government into a version more stable than the current government under the Constitution of 1904, which was accomplished through the new constitution . The Party is anti-EU and wants to remove some of policies that the European Union requires nations to follow. In addition, the party believes in a higher need for militarization of Leagio with developments in weapons and equipment to arm the Commonwealth Armed Forces.
Leagio United Together Front (LUTF):
The LUTF is a Right-Wing ultranationalist party that wants to make Leagio into an Authoritarian Nation. They believe that in order to make the nation strong, a fascist government is necessary. In addition, they want to install within their version of a fascist government includes the merging of the government and church. The party is anti-EU and wishes for a move to expand Leagio through military dominance. Furthermore, the LUFT believes that the plan of bringing Leagio to the EU is a plot committed by the remnants of the slaves (and freed in 1904) that were brought by the mother nation and should be exterminated.
Eastern Leagio Party (ELP):
A party that campaigns in the Eastern or Northern territories and states of the Commonwealth. The party started to gain traction in 1968 by campaigning for the economic development of the Eastern territories of the Commonwealth. The party campagins for the need to have the Common Government implement a mixed economic system in the Eastern territories in order for it to be develop with better wealth and conditions. Although, the party has regional support in the territories, it never was able to get much help in the national stage until the Civil Populist Party agreed to help implement some of the policies that were in its 2015 Presidential Election Platform and use it for the presidency of Kenith Lifejumper; who had done exactly that not only with the passing of the Eastern Economic Development Act but also the subsidization of education, health care and other social services of the people that were living in those areas of the Commonwealth.
Green Party (GP):
A minor party that began in 1990's as a movement to protect the environment in Leagio, but began to shift into a left-wing movement that became strongly anti-capitalist. It blames Capitalism for the fact that the Eastern territories have a huge burdon of development in order to become economically sufficient at levels at that might as well be impossible. The small party believes that with the implementation of Green Politics for the environment, Communalism, and Eco-Socialism then Leagio would become a strong green nation in Europe.
Common Nationalists (CN):
A Right-wing nationalistic party that is anti-immigrant and actively anti-EU. The party supports the need for a more socially traditional society within the Commonwealth with the implementation of policies that fit the idea of traditionalist conservatism but with a small mix of national conservatism, where they could provide support to the working-class of the Commonwealth without hitting on the issues of Leagioan States Rights. The party values the rural agrarian sectors of the Commonwealth as they believe that it would boost the strength and national pride of the entire Commonwealth itself. To the party, a united conservative and traditional leader will bring about a more united and dominating Leagio.
Christian Democratic-Republicans (CDR):
A center-right to right-wing party that favors a social market economy in the Commonwealth; although some want a form of Christian socialism in the country. The party has a strong stance against the idea of secular government and that a more religious as well as holy government should be introduced into the Commonwealth, whether it should be done by replacing the new constitution entirely or by going through a step by step process of slowly gaining control of the methods to implement such a government. Furthermore, the party has a strict stance against abortion and same-sex marriage. The party is hardcore eurosceptic as they believe that Europe should not infringe upon the rights of God and Christianity. The party rejects the idea of class struggle within the Commonwealth and believes that it is a false idea spread upon by the communists and socialists, especially from the Socialist Union Party.
Free Democratic Party (FDP):
A center-right political party that was recently formed and composed of individuals of the Conservative Reform party that were against the formation of the Republican Legislative Alliance formed in the 2020 National Congress Elections and especially against the abusive nature of the Party's use of the Whip system that existed to compel Party Congressmen to vote in the interest of the party and not their constituents before the Supreme Court case of McCain v. Thompson struke down the whip system. The party believes in the concept of classical liberalism where it supports the idea of laissez-faire and free-market economic policies with some of their policies emphasizing the need to minimize the interference of the government in individual affairs. The Party has mixed views on the European Union, which makes it classified as soft eurosceptic, where it says that the EU should implement more transparency reforms but reduce the size of the EU's interference in individual affairs.
Democratic Leagioan Union (DLU):
A third-way political party that was formed after the election of President Mouri-Kudo felt that there needs to be a party that focuses on reforming the Commonwealth into a Unitary & Parliamentary Republic. The Democratic Leagioan Union believes that the Left and Right have been placing too much on reforming the government to using cohabitation under the current Constitution and the previous one. The party considers that a Parliamentary Government in Leagio will result in a more stable democracy that has a stronger leadership and ability to serve the people. In addition, the DLU believes that the Senate should be abolished for its redundant for representation within the Commonwealth.
Socialist Workers Party (SWP):
A far-left political party that broke away from the Socialist Union Party for its stance against the UNSR.
List of Leagioan Presidents and their years as President of the Commonwealth as well as their political orientation
(1st) 1904-1910: Jean Huttson (Independent)
(2nd) 1910-1916: Edward Franciso (Civil Populist)
(3rd) 1916-1919: Silvain Bettencourt (Civil Populist)
(4th) 1919-1925: Teo Chistau (Civil Populist)
(5th) 1925-1928: Oliver Richardson (Conservative Reformist)
(6th) 1928-1934: Hayden Cole (Conservative Reformist)
(7th) 1934-1940: Louie Holland (Social Democrat)
(8th) 1940-1942: Memphis Wilson (Social Democrat) [Assasinated]
(9th) 1942-1946: Leo Holland (Social Democrat)
(10th) 1946-1949:t Abel Perne (Civil Populist)
(11th) 1949-1955: Maxime Gauthier (Civil Populist)
(12th) 1955-1958: Jonathan Valenzuela (Conservative Reformist)
(13th) 1958-1961: Noah Valladares (Socialist) [Assassinated]
(14th) 1961-1967: Abel Ortiz (Pact of Democracy)
(15th) 1967-1970: Orion Macdonald (Progressive)
(16th) 1970-1973: Dylan Fidalgo (Conservative Reformist)
(17th) 1973-1979: Abel Ortiz (Pact of Democracy)
(18th) 1979-1985: Atticus Frank (Civil Populist)
(19th) 1985-1991: Jordyn Fields (Social Democrat)
(20th) 1991-1993: Jude Good (Social Democrat) [Died in Office]
(21st) 1993-1994: Dylan Fidalgo (Conservative Reformist)
(22nd) 1994-2000: Alberto Malillos (Civil Populist)
(23rd) 2000-2006: Frank Laurent (Civil Populist)
(24th) 2006-2009: Phil Sardou (Civil Populist)
(25th) 2009-2015: Abril Ariza (Social Democrat)
(26th) 2015-2021: Kenith Lifejumper (Civil Populist)
(27th) 2021-Present Ran Mouri-Kudo (Progressive)
List of Governor-Generals of the Commonwealth and their years as well as their political orientation.
(1st) 1904-1910: Felix Sule (Independent)
(2nd) 1910-1916: Silvain Bettencourt (Civil Populist)
(3rd) 1916-1922: Richard Vandame (Civil Populist)
(4th) 1922-1928: Hayden Cole (Conservative Reformist)
(5th) 1928-1931: Lionel Ménard (Progressive)
(6th) 1931-1937: Valerio Vayo (Conservative Reformist)
(7th) 1937-1940: Noah Valladares (Socialist)
(8th) 1940-1942: Leo Holland (Social Democrat)
(9th) 1942-1943: Benjamin Scott (Social Democrat)
(10th) 1943-1949: Orion Macdonald (Progressive)
(11th) 1949-1952: Abel Ortiz (Pact of Democracy)
(12th) 1952-1958: Matias Jacobson (Conservative Reformist)
(13th) 1958-1961: Abel Ortiz (Pact of Democracy)
(14th) 1961-1967: Atticus Frank (Civil Populist)
(15th) 1967-1970: Jude Good (Social Democrat)
(16th) 1970-1972: Fabricio Fontanilla (Conservative Reformist) [Impeached for Bribery and Stealing Public Money)
(17th) 1972-1973: Dany Larousse (Conservative Reformist)
(18th) 1973-1979: Brigitte Astier (Pact of Democracy)
(19th) 1979-1982: Jordyn Fields (Social Democrat)
(20th) 1982-1985: Alberto Malillos (Civil Populist)
(21st) 1985-1988: Patrice Chuquet (Progressive)
(22nd) 1988-1993: Abril Ariza (Social Democrat)
(23rd) 1993-1994: Dylan Fidalgo (Conservative Reformist)
(24th) 1994-2000: Atticus Frank (Civil Populist)
(25th) 2000-2006: Francis Plessis (Civil Populist)
(26th)2006-2009: Isabella Carrol (Socialist)
(27th) 2009-2012: Kenith Lifejumper (Civil Populist)
(28th) 2012-2015: Victor Bellegarde (Conservative Reformist)
(29th) 2015-2018: Rylan Hopper (Conservative Reformist)
(30th) 2018-2021: Mark Gorge (Civil Populist)
Leagioan Line of Succession For the Office of the President of the Commonwealth
The Line of Succession Act, which was passed in 1952 under President Maxime Gauthier, was established as a way to ensure that if the President of the Commonwealth of Leagio was dead, implicated, or removed from office that there would be a person that could be President of the Commonwealth, especially in the worst-case scenario that a large part of the government has been taken out. The Act has been amended many times as the Common Government of Leagio has grown, especially with the move of having Leagio enter into the European Union. This is the current set of the Line of Sucession for the President. Normally in this list, the second person that is alive in the list would become the Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Leagio.
(2nd) Speaker of the House of Councillors
(3rd) Minister of Foreign Affairs
(4th) Minister of Defence
(5th) Minister of the Interior
(6th) Attorney General of the Commonwealth
(7th) Minister of Treasury
(8th) EU Councillor for Leagio
(9th) Minister of Cultural Affairs
(10th) Minister of Education
(11th) Minister of Trade and Industry
(12th) Minister of Health
(13th) Minister of Commerce
(14th) Minister of Digital Technology
(15th) Director of CACT
Governor-General of the Commonwealth
The creation of the position that is still relevant today called the Governor-General begins back in the old days when Leagio was just a colony. When Leagio was a colony, the colonial government had a legislative assembly that represented the colonists inside the colony. The Governor-General is a position that was appointed by the crown of the mother country. The position of the Governor-General in the colony has the duties of maintaining the interests of the colonists, veto any legislation that was against the interests of the mother country, and ensure that the colony is well protected against any attacks from the Indigenous Karptinezs that occupied the lands previously.
The Governor-General that was around during the War of Independence was Felix Sule, who was strongly against the taxes that the mother country was implementing on the Colony of Leagio. He was removed from his post and the colonial government was replaced with a military government that gave no political freedoms to the people of the colony. As the War of Independence began against the miltiary government and the mother country, Felix Sule became a foreign diplomat for the new provisional government of Leagio.
After the War of Independence where the Constitution of 1904 was drafted, there was a debate on what the new government of the independent Leagio would be. There was debate for a type of Parliamentary Deomcracy, but there was strong motions against that as people wanted to avoid the type of government that the mother country had. Meanwhile, Sule suggested that the country be the Presidential Republic with a mixture of Parliament, where the National Congress (the decided legislative branch of the Commonwealth) would have a senate in the Upper House that represents the states and territories as a whole. this seat would have some Parliamentary powers but is limited on what can be done. This resulted in the creation of the position of Governor-General with powers similar to a Prime Minister but elected by the people separate from the Presidency itself. The Governor-General would be in-charge of the Senate in-terms of procedures. Previously, under the Constitution of 1904, the Governor-General had the ability to cast a vote on legislation in the National Congress, but that was changed and removed.
The idea of the Governor-General existing as a position within the Commonwealth mainly deals with the fact that Sule brought a favorable view of the name through his service in the War of Independence. The Governor-General is seen as a symbol of unity within the Commonwealth as much as the President has. The Commonwealth wanted to ensure that the Governor-General was a position that would have many faces with some of them leaving a mark that would last a lifetime; in order to do that, the position has a three-year term for people that are elected to the position through the Popular Elector College. Initially there was no term limit to the position but that changed ten years into the Commonwealth's independence to a person may only serve two terms as Governor-General.
The Governor-General continues to hold a strong amount of influence on Leagioan society at least symbolically. In addition, it is seen as a stepping stone to the office of President of the Commonwealth.
National Congress of the Commonwealth
House of Councilors
Seat Number: 541 (525 Standard Seats + 16 Aboard seats)
Election Method: Additional Member (210 Constituency Seats + 325 List Seats ) / Proportional Representation for Abroad Seats
-Constituency Seats: First-Past-The Post
-List Seats/Abroad Seats: Proportional Representation under the Modfied Saint Legue Method (Can be switch to D'hondt with a threshold)
Term Length: 2 years
Distribution: Home Seats by Population and Abroad Seats equal to at most the least populated State in the Commonwealth
Issue Articles of Impeachment
Start all bills of Reveune and international sanctions
Make a Territory into a State with a Simple Majority
Elect the Governor-General and EU Councilor incase of an Electoral College Tie
Seat Number: 100 (96 Home Seats + 4 Abroad List Seats)
Election Method: Multiple Non-Transferable Vote in Staggered Elections
Term Length: 4 years in Staggered Elections every 2 years (except Abroad Seats are up for election every 2 years)
Distribution: 6 given to States, 4 given to territories, and 4 designated for Leagioans abroad
Accept Presidential Appointments within no later than a month
Confirm and Ratify Treaties through a 2/3 majority
Hear impeachment hearings and convinct with no less than a 2/3's majority with the Supreme Court Chief Justice leading the trial
How State & Territorial Governments Function
The governments of all states and territories within the Commonwealth have some differences in some areas but work relatively the same. The main differences some of them might have is whether they have a unicameral or bicameral legislature. Each state and territory has a legislature that is elected by the people within their boundaries with the methods of how these legislatures being elected varying from Fast-Past-The-Post, Proportional Representation, Instant Run-Off, or Parallel Voting. There are only three states within the Commonwealth that have a Bicameral Legislature which is Tullion, Diamond Heart, and Huttson. However, the power of the upper house in these states are mainly holding reviewing and amending powers; which means that it cannot vote to block a bill or kill. The lower houses of these states hold the most power. The system of government that all the states and territories use is a regional version of Sem-Presidential, where the state or territory has a governor that has the power to veto bills, make appointments to certain sectors of the province, and issue executive orders. In addition, under the provisions of the Leagioan Constitution of 2020, the Governor has a seat in the Council of Provinces to discuss and resolve any issues that is hampering their province.
However, the Governor of the state/territory does not have the power to form a cabinet that will implement his policies or head of government. This is a power that resides with the Minister-Governor of the Province, which is the equivalent of a First-Minister or Prime Minister in some countries, is the position with the power to form a government after a election within the legislature, or at least the lower house in some states, where the political parties with seats in the legislature branch acts a parliament and works to form a coalition if they do not have the most seats in the legislature/lower house. Then the legislature votes in a person to act as Minister-Governor, who is the head of government within the province, and forms a cabinet to enact his policies. In most states and territories, especially those whose legislature is elected every two-years, the Legislature does not have the power to remove the government of the Minister-Governor by a Vote of No-Confidence; instead, the Minister-Governor can be impeached for a reason that is deemed legitimate to the province’s supreme/constitutional court after a article of impeachment is submitted to them. However, this method has been rarely done as some political parties fear that it is move that could kill them.
The Minister-Governor in a province normally has the power to draft legislation to be presented to the legislature, but the position does not normally hold the power to dissolve the Legislature or at least the lower house. The only provinces that allow this is Arlick, Beika, Gopen, Jullien, and Carolina. Each State and Territory has a judicial branch that interprets the laws and their own as well as the Leagioan Constitution. In some provinces like Huttson, the Judicial Branch might be divided into two sections one of domestic law and criminal law. How the judges of the judicial branches are appointed varies by province. Some have the Governor appoint them with approval by the Legislature or a certain house of the legislature by a certain vote. Other Provinces have the Minister-Governor appoint the judges to the judicial branch with a approval by the legislature. In some but rare provinces like Jullien, the judicial branch judges are elected on a non-partisan ballot.
Established under the Constitution of 2020 and recently given expanded powers, the Council of Provinces made up of the Governors of all the state and territories of the Commonwealth with the Governor-General having a Chairman role in it. All members of the Council are elected every three years during the Executive Elections. The Council of Province's is not actually considered to be a third house of the National Congress nor was it intended to be. The purpose of the Council was to be an advisory body outside of the Federal/Common Government of the Leagio, where all of the Commonwealth's states and Territories have a chance to officially loge their issues for mediation. Until recently, the Council just produced issued a resolution that was submitted to Congress and the President to hear. However, recent amendents to the Constitution had actually gave the Counil power to enact resolutions that can become actual legislation that goes to the National Congress with a priority status to it or an article of amending the constitution. The Council is mandated by the Constitution to meet once a year at least but emergency sessions can be called by the Governor-General.
In total as of May 2021, the Council of Provinces is composed of 19 governors and the Governor-General. The following are part of the Council with their title and political affiliation attached to them:
Governor-General of the Commonwealth: Magic Kaito (Pact of Democracy)
Governor of Beika: Enos Buchanon (Pact of Democracy)
Governor of Arlick: Roy Elliot (Civil Populist)
Governor of Freedonia: Kelly Idiotus (Socialist)
Governor of Jullien: Sara Nixon (Progressive)
Governor of Muale: Kenith Lifejumper (Civil Populist)
Governor of Sule: Alina Palacio (Progressive)
Governor of Huttson: Sarah Gigot (Conservative Reformist)
Governor of Fiowa: Teddy Fremot (Social Democrat)
Governor of Gopen: William Fort (Civil Populist)
Governor of Niose: Hendrix Dyer (Socialist)
Governor of Carolina: Billy Nulle (Social Democrat)
Governor of Wilson: Victor Reese (Progressive)
Governor of Vernach: Ronald Frese (Conservative Reformist)
Governor of Karptniz: Wilfred Bonaparte (Progressive)
Governor of Condris: Axel Grisen (Progressive)
Governor of Diamond Heart: Luez Vengas (Conservative Reformist)